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Comparison of Psychological and Cognitive Characteristics between Professional Internet Game Players and Professional Baseball Players

1
Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 06973, Korea
2
Department of Information & Technology in Sport, College of Sport Science, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 06974, Korea
3
Department of Golf, Korea Golf University, Hoeng Seong, Gang won-do 25247, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4797; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134797
Received: 17 June 2020 / Revised: 30 June 2020 / Accepted: 1 July 2020 / Published: 3 July 2020
The esports industry is increasing in popularity and is now played at the professional level. We hypothesized that esports players may have a significant advantage over the general population in terms of psychological and cognitive characteristics, which may be similar to that of professional baseball players. We recruited three participant groups: esports players (n = 55), pro-baseball players (n = 57), and age- and sex-matched healthy comparison subjects (n = 60). We assessed psychological status using the Korean versions of Temperament and Character Inventory and State and Trait Anxiety Inventory and cognitive functions using the modified Tower of London, Emotional Perception, and Mental Rotation tests. Esports players had similar psychological characteristics to pro-baseball players (higher novelty seeking [p < 0.01 *, ŋ = 0.818], self-directedness [p < 0.01 *, ŋ = 0.757], and self-transcendence scores [p < 0.01 *, ŋ = 0.853], and decreased state anxiety scores [p < 0.01 *, ŋ = 0.808]), which differed from those of the general population. However, esports players showed higher working memory [p < 0.01 *, ŋ = 0.823] and slower emotional perception than pro-baseball players [p < 0.01 *, ŋ = 0.812]. In conclusion, esports and pro-baseball players had similar psychological but different cognitive characteristics. View Full-Text
Keywords: esports players; pro-baseball players; character; temperament; anxiety; cognitive functions esports players; pro-baseball players; character; temperament; anxiety; cognitive functions
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Kang, J.O.; Kang, K.D.; Lee, J.W.; Nam, J.J.; Han, D.H. Comparison of Psychological and Cognitive Characteristics between Professional Internet Game Players and Professional Baseball Players. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4797.

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