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Comparison of Aquatic Therapy vs. Dry Land Therapy to Improve Mobility of Chronic Stroke Patients
Open AccessArticle

Influence of an Aquatic Therapy Program on Perceived Pain, Stress, and Quality of Life in Chronic Stroke Patients: A Randomized Trial

Department of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Medicine, University of Almería, La Cañada de San Urbano, 04120 Almería, Spain
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4796; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134796
Received: 18 May 2020 / Revised: 20 June 2020 / Accepted: 1 July 2020 / Published: 3 July 2020
Pain and depressive states may have a negative impact on the quality of life of individuals with stroke. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a program of Ai Chi aquatic therapy on pain, depression, and quality of life in a sample of people with stroke. Forty-five participants received physiotherapy treatment on dry land (control group), an experimental group received aquatic Ai Chi therapy, and a combined therapy group received alternating sessions of physiotherapy on dry land and aquatic Ai Chi therapy. The Visual Analog Scale (VAS) scale for pain, the resilience scale, and the SF-36 quality of life scale were used as outcome measures. Statistically significant differences were found in the experimental group and the combined intervention group for post treatment pain and resilience (p < 0.001). Concerning the SF-36, statistically significant changes (p < 0.01) were found in the experimental group and the combined therapy group for all items except general health, vitality, and social function, where no between group differences were observed (p = 0.001). In conclusion, physical exercise performed in water has positive effects on several factors that contribute towards improving the mood and quality of life of people with acquired brain injury. View Full-Text
Keywords: stroke; Ai Chi; aquatic therapy; pain; quality of life stroke; Ai Chi; aquatic therapy; pain; quality of life
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Pérez-de la Cruz, S. Influence of an Aquatic Therapy Program on Perceived Pain, Stress, and Quality of Life in Chronic Stroke Patients: A Randomized Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4796.

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