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Challenges to Achieving Sustainable Sanitation in Informal Settlements of Kigali, Rwanda
Centre for Environmental Strategy, Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, UK
Institute of Policy Analysis and Research, IPAR-Rwanda, Kigali 273, Rwanda
Robens Centre for Public and Environmental Health, University of Surrey, Guildford GU27XH, UK
School of Law, Faculty of Business, Economics and Law, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 September 2013; in revised form: 27 November 2013 / Accepted: 28 November 2013 / Published: 10 December 2013
Abstract: Like most cities in developing countries, Kigali is experiencing rapid urbanisation leading to an increase in the urban population and rapid growth in the size and number of informal settlements. More than 60% of the city’s population resides in these settlements, where they experience inadequate and poor quality urban services including sanitation. This article discusses the issues and constraints related to the provision of sustainable sanitation in the informal settlements in Kigali. Two informal settlements (Gatsata and Kimisagara) were selected for the study, which used a mixed method approach for data collection. The research found that residents experienced multiple problems because of poor sanitation and that the main barrier to improved sanitation was cost. Findings from this study can be used by the city authorities in the planning of effective sanitation intervention strategies for communities in informal settlements.
Keywords: challenges; issues; sustainable sanitation systems; informal settlements; Kigali
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MDPI and ACS Style
Tsinda, A.; Abbott, P.; Pedley, S.; Charles, K.; Adogo, J.; Okurut, K.; Chenoweth, J. Challenges to Achieving Sustainable Sanitation in Informal Settlements of Kigali, Rwanda. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 6939-6954.
Tsinda A, Abbott P, Pedley S, Charles K, Adogo J, Okurut K, Chenoweth J. Challenges to Achieving Sustainable Sanitation in Informal Settlements of Kigali, Rwanda. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(12):6939-6954.
Tsinda, Aime; Abbott, Pamela; Pedley, Steve; Charles, Katrina; Adogo, Jane; Okurut, Kenan; Chenoweth, Jonathan. 2013. "Challenges to Achieving Sustainable Sanitation in Informal Settlements of Kigali, Rwanda." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 12: 6939-6954.