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Open AccessReview

Research Strategies to Develop Environmentally Friendly Marine Antifouling Coatings

1
College of Metrology &Measurement Engineering, China Jiliang University, Hangzhou 310018, China
2
Zhijiang College, Zhejiang University of Technology, Shaoxing 312030, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Mar. Drugs 2020, 18(7), 371; https://doi.org/10.3390/md18070371
Received: 22 June 2020 / Revised: 15 July 2020 / Accepted: 16 July 2020 / Published: 18 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Natural Products with Antifouling Activity)
There are a large number of fouling organisms in the ocean, which easily attach to the surface of ships, oil platforms and breeding facilities, corrode the surface of equipment, accelerate the aging of equipment, affect the stability and safety of marine facilities and cause serious economic losses. Antifouling coating is an effective method to prevent marine biological fouling. Traditional organic tin and copper oxide coatings are toxic and will contaminate seawater and destroy marine ecology and have been banned or restricted. Environmentally friendly antifouling coatings have become a research hotspot. Among them, the use of natural biological products with antifouling activity as antifouling agents is an important research direction. In addition, some fouling release coatings without antifoulants, biomimetic coatings, photocatalytic coatings and other novel antifouling coatings have also developed rapidly. On the basis of revealing the mechanism of marine biofouling, this paper reviews the latest research strategies to develop environmentally friendly marine antifouling coatings. The composition, antifouling characteristics, antifouling mechanism and effects of various coatings were analyzed emphatically. Finally, the development prospects and future development directions of marine antifouling coatings are forecasted. View Full-Text
Keywords: antifouling mechanism; antifouling coating; antifoulant; environmentally friendly; polymer antifouling mechanism; antifouling coating; antifoulant; environmentally friendly; polymer
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gu, Y.; Yu, L.; Mou, J.; Wu, D.; Xu, M.; Zhou, P.; Ren, Y. Research Strategies to Develop Environmentally Friendly Marine Antifouling Coatings. Mar. Drugs 2020, 18, 371. https://doi.org/10.3390/md18070371

AMA Style

Gu Y, Yu L, Mou J, Wu D, Xu M, Zhou P, Ren Y. Research Strategies to Develop Environmentally Friendly Marine Antifouling Coatings. Marine Drugs. 2020; 18(7):371. https://doi.org/10.3390/md18070371

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gu, Yunqing; Yu, Lingzhi; Mou, Jiegang; Wu, Denghao; Xu, Maosen; Zhou, Peijian; Ren, Yun. 2020. "Research Strategies to Develop Environmentally Friendly Marine Antifouling Coatings" Mar. Drugs 18, no. 7: 371. https://doi.org/10.3390/md18070371

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