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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

New “Smart” Systems for Atmospheric Aerosol and Reactive Gas Sampling in Ambient Air

1
National Research Council of Italy, Institute of Atmospheric Science and Climate, Via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy
2
Maurizio Busetto, Via Martucci, 40126 Bologna, Italy
3
LEN srl, Via Sant’ Andrea di Rovereto 33 CS, I-16043 Chiavari (GE), Italy
4
DIME, University of Genoa, Via all’Opera Pia, 15, I-16145 Genova (GE), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2018, 18(11), 3602; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18113602
Received: 24 September 2018 / Revised: 16 October 2018 / Accepted: 19 October 2018 / Published: 23 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors for Emerging Environmental Markers and Contaminants)
Nowadays a recognized need for accurate observations of atmospheric aerosols (AEs) and reactive gases (RGs) exists in the framework of regional, national and global near-surface networks based on permanent or mobile measurement stations. In this context, a paramount and not-trivial issue is related to the correct execution of continuous sampling of ambient air and its subsequent distribution to measurement analyzers hosted inside the stations. Sampling artifacts must be minimized for obtaining reliable pictures of ambient air composition. To respond to this need, a suite of novel “smart” and relatively low-cost systems for the continuous sampling of ambient air was developed in the framework of the 2012–2015 I-AMICA Project. These systems were designed to execute AE and RG measurements according with WMO/GAW and ACTRIS recommendations and standard operation procedures. A particular attention was dedicated to the stabilization and control of the sampling flow rates and temperatures. The analysis of one full year of operations at the WMO/GAW regional station of Capo Granitola (GAW ID: CGR, Italy), allowed to conclude that these systems are effective in meeting the technical requirements for correct execution of AE and RG measurements. View Full-Text
Keywords: reactive gases; atmospheric aerosol; air sampling; smart technologies reactive gases; atmospheric aerosol; air sampling; smart technologies
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Cristofanelli, P.; Busetto, M.; Ronchi, E.; Miatto, P.; Marinoni, A.; Calzolari, F.; Bonasoni, P.; Tagliafico, L.A. New “Smart” Systems for Atmospheric Aerosol and Reactive Gas Sampling in Ambient Air. Sensors 2018, 18, 3602.

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