A Noise Removal Method for Uniform Circular Arrays in Complex Underwater Noise Environments with Low SNR
AbstractGenerally, many beamforming methods are derived under the assumption of white noise. In practice, the actual underwater ambient noise is complex. As a result, the noise removal capacity of the beamforming method may be deteriorated considerably. Furthermore, in underwater environment with extremely low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), the performances of the beamforming method may be deteriorated. To tackle these problems, a noise removal method for uniform circular array (UCA) is proposed to remove the received noise and improve the SNR in complex noise environments with low SNR. First, the symmetrical noise sources are defined and the spatial correlation of the symmetrical noise sources is calculated. Then, based on the preceding results, the noise covariance matrix is decomposed into symmetrical and asymmetrical components. Analysis indicates that the symmetrical component only affect the real part of the noise covariance matrix. Consequently, the delay-and-sum (DAS) beamforming is performed by using the imaginary part of the covariance matrix to remove the symmetrical component. However, the noise removal method causes two problems. First, the proposed method produces a false target. Second, the proposed method would seriously suppress the signal when it is located in some directions. To solve the first problem, two methods to reconstruct the signal covariance matrix are presented: based on the estimation of signal variance and based on the constrained optimization algorithm. To solve the second problem, we can design the array configuration and select the suitable working frequency. Theoretical analysis and experimental results are included to demonstrate that the proposed methods are particularly effective in complex noise environments with low SNR. The proposed method can be extended to any array. View Full-Text
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Xia, H.; Yang, K.; Ma, Y.; Wang, Y.; Liu, Y. A Noise Removal Method for Uniform Circular Arrays in Complex Underwater Noise Environments with Low SNR. Sensors 2017, 17, 1345.
Xia H, Yang K, Ma Y, Wang Y, Liu Y. A Noise Removal Method for Uniform Circular Arrays in Complex Underwater Noise Environments with Low SNR. Sensors. 2017; 17(6):1345.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xia, Huijun; Yang, Kunde; Ma, Yuanliang; Wang, Yong; Liu, Yaxiong. 2017. "A Noise Removal Method for Uniform Circular Arrays in Complex Underwater Noise Environments with Low SNR." Sensors 17, no. 6: 1345.
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