Next Article in Journal
Improving Video Segmentation by Fusing Depth Cues and the Visual Background Extractor (ViBe) Algorithm
Next Article in Special Issue
AEKF-SLAM: A New Algorithm for Robotic Underwater Navigation
Previous Article in Journal
Characterizing Dynamic Walking Patterns and Detecting Falls with Wearable Sensors Using Gaussian Process Methods
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Probabilistic and Highly Efficient Topology Control Algorithm for Underwater Cooperating AUV Networks
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sensors 2017, 17(5), 1168;

Virtual-Lattice Based Intrusion Detection Algorithm over Actuator-Assisted Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks

Institute of Electrical Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China
Department of Automation, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: José-Fernán Martínez
Received: 31 March 2017 / Revised: 14 May 2017 / Accepted: 18 May 2017 / Published: 20 May 2017
Full-Text   |   PDF [703 KB, uploaded 23 May 2017]   |  


Due to the lack of a physical line of defense, intrusion detection becomes one of the key issues in applications of underwater wireless sensor networks (UWSNs), especially when the confidentiality has prime importance. However, the resource-constrained property of UWSNs such as sparse deployment and energy constraint makes intrusion detection a challenging issue. This paper considers a virtual-lattice-based approach to the intrusion detection problem in UWSNs. Different from most existing works, the UWSNs consist of two kinds of nodes, i.e., sensor nodes (SNs), which cannot move autonomously, and actuator nodes (ANs), which can move autonomously according to the performance requirement. With the cooperation of SNs and ANs, the intruder detection probability is defined. Then, a virtual lattice-based monitor (VLM) algorithm is proposed to detect the intruder. In order to reduce the redundancy of communication links and improve detection probability, an optimal and coordinative lattice-based monitor patrolling (OCLMP) algorithm is further provided for UWSNs, wherein an equal price search strategy is given for ANs to find the shortest patrolling path. Under VLM and OCLMP algorithms, the detection probabilities are calculated, while the topology connectivity can be guaranteed. Finally, simulation results are presented to show that the proposed method in this paper can improve the detection accuracy and save the energy consumption compared with the conventional methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: intrusion detection; sensor; underwater; coverage intrusion detection; sensor; underwater; coverage

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Yan, J.; Li, X.; Luo, X.; Guan, X. Virtual-Lattice Based Intrusion Detection Algorithm over Actuator-Assisted Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors 2017, 17, 1168.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top