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A High Performance Sensor for Triaxial Cutting Force Measurement in Turning

The State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 28, Xianning West Road, Xi'an 710049, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vittorio M.N. Passaro
Sensors 2015, 15(4), 7969-7984;
Received: 4 February 2015 / Revised: 19 March 2015 / Accepted: 26 March 2015 / Published: 3 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
PDF [2253 KB, uploaded 10 April 2015]


This paper presents a high performance triaxial cutting force sensor with excellent accuracy, favorable natural frequency and acceptable cross-interference for high speed turning process. Octagonal ring is selected as sensitive element of the designed sensor, which is drawn inspiration from ring theory. A novel structure of two mutual-perpendicular octagonal rings is proposed and three Wheatstone full bridge circuits are specially organized in order to obtain triaxial cutting force components and restrain cross-interference. Firstly, the newly developed sensor is tested in static calibration; test results indicate that the sensor possesses outstanding accuracy in the range of 0.38%–0.83%. Secondly, impacting modal tests are conducted to identify the natural frequencies of the sensor in triaxial directions (i.e., 1147 Hz, 1122 Hz and 2035 Hz), which implies that the devised sensor can be used for cutting force measurement in a high speed lathe when the spindle speed does not exceed 17,205 rev/min in continuous cutting condition. Finally, an application of the sensor in turning process is operated to show its performance for real-time cutting force measurement; the measured cutting forces demonstrate a good accordance with the variation of cutting parameters. Thus, the developed sensor possesses perfect properties and it gains great potential for real-time cutting force measurement in turning. View Full-Text
Keywords: accuracy; natural frequency; triaxial; cutting force; sensor; high speed; turning accuracy; natural frequency; triaxial; cutting force; sensor; high speed; turning

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhao, Y.; Zhao, Y.; Liang, S.; Zhou, G. A High Performance Sensor for Triaxial Cutting Force Measurement in Turning. Sensors 2015, 15, 7969-7984.

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