Next Article in Journal
Terminal Continuation (TC) RNA Amplification Enables Expression Profiling Using Minute RNA Input Obtained from Mouse Brain
Next Article in Special Issue
Occurrence of Deoxynivalenol in Maize and Wheat in Serbia
Previous Article in Journal
Preparation and Characterization of Highly Fluorescent, Glutathione-coated Near Infrared Quantum Dots for in Vivo Fluorescence Imaging
Previous Article in Special Issue
Aspergillus parasiticus crzA, Which Encodes Calcineurin Response Zinc-Finger Protein, Is Required for Aflatoxin Production under Calcium Stress
Open AccessReview

Fumonisins, Trichothecenes and Zearalenone in Cereals

Department of Pharmaceutical Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Marmara University, 34668, Haydarpaşa - İstanbul, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9(11), 2062-2090; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms9112062
Received: 28 July 2008 / Revised: 26 October 2008 / Accepted: 28 October 2008 / Published: 31 October 2008
Fumonisins are phytotoxic mycotoxins which are synthesized by various species of the fungal genus Fusarium such as Fusarium verticillioides (Sacc.) Nirenberg (ex F.moniliforme Sheldon) and Fusarium proliferatum. The trichothecene (TC) mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produce by species that belong to several fungal genera, especially Fusarium, Stachybotrys, Trichothecium, Trichoderma, Memnoniella and Myrothecium. Fusarium mycotoxins are widely dispersed in cereals and their products. Zearalenone (ZEA) is an estrogenic compound produced by Fusarium spp. such as F. graminearum and F. culmorum. Fumonisins, the TCs and ZEA are hazardous for human and animal health. Contamination with TCs causes a number of illnesses in human and animal such as decrease in food consumption (anorexia), depression or inhibition on immune system function and haematoxicity. The purpose of this paper is to give a review of the papers published on the field of fumonisin, TC and ZEA mycotoxins in cereals consumed in the world. View Full-Text
Keywords: Fumonisins; trichothecenes; zearalenone; cereals Fumonisins; trichothecenes; zearalenone; cereals
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Yazar, S.; Omurtag, G.Z. Fumonisins, Trichothecenes and Zearalenone in Cereals. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9, 2062-2090.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop