High Intra- and Inter-Tumoral Heterogeneity of RAS Mutations in Colorectal Cancer
AbstractApproximately 30% of patients with wild type RAS metastatic colorectal cancer are non-responders to anti-epidermal growth factor receptor monoclonal antibodies (anti-EGFR mAbs), possibly due to undetected tumoral subclones harboring RAS mutations. The aim of this study was to analyze the distribution of RAS mutations in different areas of the primary tumor, metastatic lymph nodes and distant metastasis. A retrospective cohort of 18 patients with a colorectal cancer (CRC) was included in the study. Multiregion analysis was performed in 60 spatially separated tumor areas according to the pathological tumor node metastasis (pTNM) staging and KRAS, NRAS and BRAF mutations were tested using pyrosequencing. In primary tumors, intra-tumoral heterogeneity for RAS mutation was found in 33% of cases. Inter-tumoral heterogeneity for RAS mutation between primary tumors and metastatic lymph nodes or distant metastasis was found in 36% of cases. Moreover, 28% of tumors had multiple RAS mutated subclones in the same tumor. A high proportion of CRCs presented intra- and/or inter-tumoral heterogeneity, which has relevant clinical implications for anti-EGFR mAbs prescription. These results suggest the need for multiple RAS testing in different parts of the same tumor and/or more sensitive techniques. View Full-Text
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Jeantet, M.; Tougeron, D.; Tachon, G.; Cortes, U.; Archambaut, C.; Fromont, G.; Karayan-Tapon, L. High Intra- and Inter-Tumoral Heterogeneity of RAS Mutations in Colorectal Cancer. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 2015.
Jeantet M, Tougeron D, Tachon G, Cortes U, Archambaut C, Fromont G, Karayan-Tapon L. High Intra- and Inter-Tumoral Heterogeneity of RAS Mutations in Colorectal Cancer. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(12):2015.Chicago/Turabian Style
Jeantet, Marion; Tougeron, David; Tachon, Gaelle; Cortes, Ulrich; Archambaut, Céline; Fromont, Gaelle; Karayan-Tapon, Lucie. 2016. "High Intra- and Inter-Tumoral Heterogeneity of RAS Mutations in Colorectal Cancer." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 12: 2015.
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