The Traditional Chinese Medicine DangguiBuxue Tang Sensitizes Colorectal Cancer Cells to Chemoradiotherapy
AbstractChemotherapy is an important treatment modality for colon cancer, and concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) is the preferred treatment route for patients with stage II and III rectal cancer. We examined whether DangguiBuxue Tang (DBT), a traditional Chinese herbal extract, sensitizes colorectal cancer cells to anticancer treatments. The polysaccharide-depleted fraction of DBT (DBT-PD) contains greater amounts of astragaloside IV (312.626 µg/g) and ferulic acid (1.404 µg/g) than does the original formula. Treatment of the murine colon carcinoma cell line (CT26) with DBT-PD inhibits growth, whereas treatment with comparable amounts of purified astragaloside IV and ferulic acid showed no significant effect. Concurrent treatment with DBT-PD increases the growth inhibitory effect of 5-fluorouracil up to 4.39-fold. DBT-PD enhances the effect of radiation therapy (RT) with a sensitizer enhancement ratio (SER) of up to 1.3. It also increases the therapeutic effect of CCRT on CT26 cells. Cells treated with DBP-PD showed ultrastructural changes characteristic of autophagy, including multiple cytoplasmic vacuoles with double-layered membranes, vacuoles containing remnants of degraded organelles, marked swelling and vacuolization of mitochondria, and autolysosome-like vacuoles. We conclude that DBT-PD induces autophagy-associated cell death in CT26 cells, and may have potential as a chemotherapy or radiotherapy sensitizer in colorectal cancer treatment. View Full-Text
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Chen, S.-T.; Lee, T.-Y.; Tsai, T.-H.; Lin, Y.-C.; Lin, C.-P.; Shieh, H.-R.; Hsu, M.-L.; Chi, C.-W.; Lee, M.-C.; Chang, H.-H.; Chen, Y.-J. The Traditional Chinese Medicine DangguiBuxue Tang Sensitizes Colorectal Cancer Cells to Chemoradiotherapy. Molecules 2016, 21, 1677.
Chen S-T, Lee T-Y, Tsai T-H, Lin Y-C, Lin C-P, Shieh H-R, Hsu M-L, Chi C-W, Lee M-C, Chang H-H, Chen Y-J. The Traditional Chinese Medicine DangguiBuxue Tang Sensitizes Colorectal Cancer Cells to Chemoradiotherapy. Molecules. 2016; 21(12):1677.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chen, Shun-Ting; Lee, Tzung-Yan; Tsai, Tung-Hu; Lin, Yin-Cheng; Lin, Chin-Ping; Shieh, Hui-Ru; Hsu, Ming-Ling; Chi, Chih-Wen; Lee, Ming-Cheng; Chang, Hen-Hong; Chen, Yu-Jen. 2016. "The Traditional Chinese Medicine DangguiBuxue Tang Sensitizes Colorectal Cancer Cells to Chemoradiotherapy." Molecules 21, no. 12: 1677.
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