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Open AccessArticle

Surface Properties and Photocatalytic Activity of KTaO3, CdS, MoS2 Semiconductors and Their Binary and Ternary Semiconductor Composites

1
Department of Chemical Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, Gdansk University of Technology, ul. G. Narutowicza 11/12, Gdansk 80-233, Poland
2
Department of Solid State Physics, Faculty of Applied Physics and Mathematics, Gdansk University of Technology, ul. G. Narutowicza 11/12, Gdansk 80-233, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2014, 19(9), 15339-15360; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules190915339
Received: 30 July 2014 / Revised: 27 August 2014 / Accepted: 15 September 2014 / Published: 24 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Photocatalysis)
Single semiconductors such as KTaO3, CdS MoS2 or their precursor solutions were combined to form novel binary and ternary semiconductor nanocomposites by the calcination or by the hydro/solvothermal mixed solutions methods, respectively. The aim of this work was to study the influence of preparation method as well as type and amount of the composite components on the surface properties and photocatalytic activity of the new semiconducting photoactive materials. We presented different binary and ternary combinations of the above semiconductors for phenol and toluene photocatalytic degradation and characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) specific surface area and porosity. The results showed that loading MoS2 onto CdS as well as loading CdS onto KTaO3 significantly enhanced absorption properties as compared with single semiconductors. The highest photocatalytic activity in phenol degradation reaction under both UV-Vis and visible light irradiation and very good stability in toluene removal was observed for ternary hybrid obtained by calcination of KTaO3, CdS, MoS2 powders at the 10:5:1 molar ratio. Enhanced photoactivity could be related to the two-photon excitation in KTaO3-CdS-MoS2 composite under UV-Vis and/or to additional presence of CdMoO4 working as co-catalyst. View Full-Text
Keywords: composites; photocatalysis; semiconductor; tantalate; sulfide; pollutant degradation composites; photocatalysis; semiconductor; tantalate; sulfide; pollutant degradation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bajorowicz, B.; Cybula, A.; Winiarski, M.J.; Klimczuk, T.; Zaleska, A. Surface Properties and Photocatalytic Activity of KTaO3, CdS, MoS2 Semiconductors and Their Binary and Ternary Semiconductor Composites. Molecules 2014, 19, 15339-15360.

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