Special Issue "Industrial and Environmental Fluid Mechanics"

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Hydraulics and Hydrodynamics".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. T. Staffan Lundström
Website
Guest Editor
Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Lulea University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden
Interests: fluid mechanics; computational fluid dynamics; experiments; PIV; flow in porous media; composites; heat & mass transfer
Dr. Anna-Lena Ljung
Website
Guest Editor
Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Lulea University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden
Interests: fluid mechanics; computational fluid dynamics; heat & mass transfer; drying; flow in porous media

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The fluid mechanics of water is of the highest importance for many industrial and natural processes. To highlight this, the focus of this Special Issue is to, from a genuine fluid mechanical approach, present analytical, numerical or experimental results of importance for one or several such processes. This may, for instance, be the fluid mechanics of manufacturing processes, energy processes, heat transfer processes, urban water flows, and the flow in oceans and rivers. The usage of advanced experimental and numerical methods is of special interest, as well as modern analytical techniques, such as machine learning. All results presented should be based on quality and trust and include error analysis. The results should also be discussed in terms of the industrial or environmental application of interest.

Prof. Dr. T. Staffan Lundström
Dr. Anna-Lena Ljung
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • water
  • fluid mechanics
  • industrial flows
  • environmental flows
  • quality and trust
  • advanced experimental methods
  • advanced numerical methods

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Comparing Internal Flow in Freezing and Evaporating Water Droplets Using PIV
Water 2020, 12(5), 1489; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12051489 - 23 May 2020
Abstract
The study of evaporation and freezing of droplets is important in, e.g., spray cooling, surface coating, ink-jet printing, and when dealing with icing on wind turbines, airplane wings, and roads. Due to the complex nature of the flow within droplets, a wide range [...] Read more.
The study of evaporation and freezing of droplets is important in, e.g., spray cooling, surface coating, ink-jet printing, and when dealing with icing on wind turbines, airplane wings, and roads. Due to the complex nature of the flow within droplets, a wide range of temperatures, from freezing temperatures to heating temperatures, have to be taken into account in order to increase the understanding of the flow behavior. This study aimed to reveal if natural convection and/or Marangoni convection influence the flow in freezing and evaporating droplets. Droplets were released on cold and warm surfaces using similar experimental techniques and setups, and the internal flow within freezing and evaporating water droplets were then investigated and compared to one another using Particle Image Velocimetry. It was shown that, for both freezing and evaporating droplets, a shift in flow direction occurs early in the processes. For the freezing droplets, this effect could be traced to the Marangoni convection, but this could not be concluded for the evaporating droplets. For both evaporating and freezing droplets, after the shift in flow direction, natural convection dominates the flow. In the end of the freezing process, conduction seems to be the only contributing factor for the flow. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Industrial and Environmental Fluid Mechanics)
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