Special Issue "Ecosystems of Inland Saline Waters"

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 1 June 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Nickolai Shadrin
E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
A.O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of RAS, Sevastopol, Russia
Interests: general, saline lake and semi-aquatic ecology, geoecology, life in extreme environment, biofilms, stromatolites, ecosystem functioning, alien species, food webs, integrated sustainable environmental management, aquaculture, eco-physiology and ethology of hydrobionts, long-term changes, evolution, and etc.
Dr. Elena Anufriieva
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
A.O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of RAS, Sevastopol, Russia
Interests: hydrobiology, saline lake, invertebrate zoology, life in extreme environment, ecosystem functioning, alien species, food webs, aquaculture, eco-physiology and ethology, long-term changes
Prof. Dr. Gonzalo Gajardo
E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
Laboratorio de Genética, Acuicultura & Biodiversidad Universidad de Los Lagos Avda. Fuchslocher 1305, Osorno. Chile
Interests: gene and population-level biodiversity, fitness and other traits relevant to aquaculture and biodiversity conservation

Special Issue Information

Inland saline waters include different types of water bodies (lake, lagoons, estuaries, rivers, springs, ponds, etc.) and play an important many face role in the Biosphere on different spatial scales. Their total area is very close to total area of freshwaters on the planet. Despite this, they attract much less attention then freshwaters. Currently, it is  inadmissible due to some main reasons: 1. growing proccess of salinization of freshwater systems worldwide, 2. increasing demand for their human sustainable multi-purpose use, 3. their significant landscape role, including the conservation of aquatic organisms living in them and the related numerous bird species. This Special Issue aims to decrease lack of knowledge on these unique and diverse water bodies also providing information to environmental managers, polititions, and general public needed to the conservation and sustainable use.

The Issue main topic would be:

  1. Diversity and peculiarities of inland saline water bodies;
  2. Ecosystems in inland saline waters: structure, functioning, state and dynamics;
  3. Salinisation of freshwaters and ecosystem transformations;
  4. Long-term changes of ecosystem changes due to climatic variability and antropogenic interventions.
  5. Integrated sustainable management of saline water ecosystems and aquaculture development.
  6. Public awarness about problems of saline water bodies.

Dr. Nickolai Shadrin
Dr. Elena Anufriieva
Prof. Dr. Gonzalo Gajardo
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • inland saline waters
  • lakes
  • lagoons
  • ecosystems
  • functioning
  • biodiversity
  • climate variability
  • human interventions
  • sustainable use
  • long-term changes
  • aquaculture

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Aquatic Invertebrate Community Resilience and Recovery in Response to a Supra-Seasonal Drought in an Ecologically Important Naturally Saline Lake
Water 2021, 13(7), 948; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13070948 - 30 Mar 2021
Viewed by 346
Abstract
Climate induced drought is a prominent threat to natural saline aquatic ecosystems by modifying their hydrology and salinity, which impacts the biodiversity of these ecosystems. Lake Nyamithi is a naturally saline lake in South Africa that experienced the effects of a two-year supra-seasonal [...] Read more.
Climate induced drought is a prominent threat to natural saline aquatic ecosystems by modifying their hydrology and salinity, which impacts the biodiversity of these ecosystems. Lake Nyamithi is a naturally saline lake in South Africa that experienced the effects of a two-year supra-seasonal drought (2015–2016). This study aimed to determine potential effects of the drought and accompanying increased salinity (between 9.8 and 11.5 g L−1) on aquatic invertebrate communities of Lake Nyamithi, and assess their potential recovery following the drought. Aquatic invertebrates and water were collected for biodiversity and chemical assessments during predrought conditions (2014), the peak of the drought (2016) and after the site had received water (2017). Taxon richness was considerably reduced during the peak of the drought as many biota could not tolerate the increased salinity. Ecological resilience and recovery was evident in the lake since numerous biota (re)colonized the lake promptly after the site received water and salinity decreased (<8 g L−1). By the end of 2017, invertebrate biodiversity exceeded that of predrought conditions. Although some biota may be able to temporarily cope with extreme weather conditions, frequent or prolonged periods of drought and increased salinity pose a threat to naturally saline lakes such as Nyamithi and dilution with fresh water is vital for the persistence of species diversity and ecological integrity. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecosystems of Inland Saline Waters)
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Open AccessEditor’s ChoiceArticle
Trace Elements in the Bottom Sediments of the Crimean Saline Lakes. Is It Possible to Explain Their Concentration Variability?
Water 2020, 12(9), 2364; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12092364 - 23 Aug 2020
Viewed by 787
Abstract
Knowledge of trace elements content and their behavior in aquatic ecosystems is important for their sustainable use. There is a lack of such data for saline and, especially, hypersaline lakes and lagoons. Concentrations of more than 20 elements were evaluated in bottom sediments [...] Read more.
Knowledge of trace elements content and their behavior in aquatic ecosystems is important for their sustainable use. There is a lack of such data for saline and, especially, hypersaline lakes and lagoons. Concentrations of more than 20 elements were evaluated in bottom sediments of 15 saline/hypersaline lakes and Lagoon Sivash in Crimea. An average salinity varied from 4 to 335 g/L in studied water bodies. The concentration of the trace elements varied from lake to lake. The highest variability was recorded for Cd, from 4.13 mg/kg to below the detectable level (CV = 1.463), and for Se, from 5.52 to 0.05 mg/kg (CV = 1.053). The lowest variability demonstrated by Cr, from 368 to 17 mg/kg (CV = 0.463), and by V, from 67.8 to 1.7 mg/kg (CV = 0.481). According to the found content of studied elements, all lakes were separated into three groups, and Lagoon Sivash was not included in these clusters. Salinity affected the concentration of some elements in bottom sediments, and this effect was not linear or unidirectional. In some cases, the action of other factors, often unknown, masked the effect of salinity. The geochemical background affects the structure and functioning of aquatic ecosystems, but the state of these ecosystems can significantly modify this background. An understanding of the differences in the elemental composition of bottom sediments in different lakes is possible only based on an integrated consideration of the interaction of all landscape, intra-ecosystem, and anthropogenic processes and factors that can influence this. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecosystems of Inland Saline Waters)
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