Special Issue "Environmental Management of Post-Epidemic Mass Carcasses Burial Sites"
A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2016) | Viewed by 48163
Interests: water quality management; diffuse pollution abatement; groundwater remediation; environmental site assessment
Interests: soil remediation; water quality management and remediation; soil humic substances; biochar
Interests: soil contamination; biogeochemistry; pedology; nutrient cycles
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Interests: anaerobic hydrogen/methane fermentation; sludge disintegration; intelligence control; energy/resources recovery
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Interests: water quality monitoring and remediation; landfill leachate treatment; soil remediation; biochar and minerals as adsorption removal of pollutants
Interests: soil/sediment remediation; biochar; bioavailability; emerging contaminants; trace elements; bioenergy and value-added products
Foot and mouth disease (FMD) swept the country of Korea in the winter of 2010, and over three million pigs and cows were buried to prevent an epidemic. Now, concerns over the possible leakage of the leachate discharged from the decomposing carcasses of the infected animals, and its contamination of the groundwater, are mounting.
Depopulation is a primary protocol to mitigate the virus spreading during animal disease outbreak in many countries. Korea is very unique in field deployment of this policy, fundamentally this is caused by conflicts between stakeholders. Government administrations, livestock breeding farmers, and NGOs influence on every step of decision-making, and even technological development. The assemblage of key technologies to cope with possible national disasters are often hampered by this ignorance. Disaster prevention is a worldwide interest, and the essence of carcass management is to promote biosecurity to achieve better public health.
Various types of hazards and risks are associated with carcass management during animal disease outbreak. Maximizing biosecurity during outbreak is a primary cause, which is responsible for mass carcasses disposal. Burial is a widely-adopted disposal practice in Korea during disease outbreaks, mainly due to its simplicity and the swiftness of implementation, especially where livestock farms are densely populated. However, the biosecurity side of carcass disposal is often overlooked, again, mainly, due to critical demands from stakeholders; this ignorance often leads to other risks to public health and environment. It can be taken into account from the many meetings of specialists that antibiotic agents, which are a typical hazard, should not be missed when assessing potential threats to the public health. Overdose medicals injected livestock to prevent early mortality may remain in the environment due to mass depopulation of livestock, and the antibiotic is a critical material to consider when deriving necessity techniques to secure public safety. Many burial sites are being used as crop fields without proper guidelines, and thus become potential threats to public health security. In addition, Korea is a country that allows relocation of depopulated carcasses, even right after burial, when the groundwater quality is determined vulnerable, without assessing its consequences to public health.
In this Special Issue, the state-of-the-art technologies and their deployment strategies to the field, to minimize adverse impacts of burial sites, will be published.
Papers selected for this Special Issue will be subject to a rigorous peer-review procedure with the aim of rapid and wide dissemination of research results, development and applications.
Dr. Geonha Kim
Dr. Daniel C.W. Tsang
Dr. Zeng-Yei Hseu
Dr. Chaeyoung Lee
Dr. Meththika Vithanage
Dr. Yong Sik Ok
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- Biosecurity enhancement of burial managements
- Environmental risk management of burial sites
- Enhancement of carcasses decomposition
- Assessment of soil and groundwater quality in the vicinity of burial sites
- Remediation of leachate-contaminated groundwater and soil