Special Issue "Near Infrared Spectroscopy in Animal Ecophysiology"

A special issue of Remote Sensing (ISSN 2072-4292). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental Remote Sensing".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 June 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Doug Tolleson
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Texas A&M AgriLife Research, Sonora, TX, USA
Interests: near infrared spectroscopy; grazing animal nutrition; grazing animal physiology; grazing animal ecophysiology; grazing management; prescribed fire; rangeland monitoring
Dr. Carrie Vance
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Entomology, and Plant Pathology, Mississippi State University, Starkville, MS, USA
Interests: spectroscopy; chemical biology; reproductive biology; assisted reproductive technology; reproductive endocrinology; endocrinology; enzymology; SOD; cryopreservation; biochemistry

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The Encyclopedia of Ecology defines ecophysiology as “the study of the complex relationships between an organism’s internal and external environments”. Ecologists most often apply the term in reference to plants; however, the term can also be applied to animals and perhaps most interestingly, to the study of the dynamic interactions between plants and animals. For instance, herbivory invokes chemical and or physical defense adaptations in plants to better equip their resistance to being eaten, which may in turn result in animal adaptations to mitigate the consequences of consuming a defended plant. Both occurrences should confer greater survivability.  Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a non-invasive, non-destructive analytical technique that employs electromagnetic energy in the near infrared band (~700–2500 nm) to discern physico-chemical attributes of a substance. The rapid nature of the method and long-term low cost facilitate comprehensive experimental designs which allow investigators to sample at enhanced spatiotemporal scales and or resolution, thus facilitating the asking of research questions that may have been cost or time prohibitive previously. The advent of portable spectroscopy has made real-time in situ analysis possible and thus, further enhanced the analytical and investigative capabilities of NIRS. Remote Sensing will release a special issue in mid-2021 entitled “Near Infrared Spectroscopy in Animal Ecophysiology”. We are seeking submitted articles that concern the application of NIRS to unravel the ecophysiological relationships of animals, plants, and their shared environment.

Dr. Doug Tolleson
Dr. Carrie Vance
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Remote Sensing is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • near infrared spectroscopy
  • ecophysiology
  • plant/animal interface
  • herbivore nutrition
  • metabolism
  • foraging behavior

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Article
Estimating the Suitability for the Reintroduced Arabian Oryx (Oryx leucoryx, Pallas 1777) of Two Desert Environments by NIRS-Aided Fecal Chemistry
Remote Sens. 2021, 13(10), 1876; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13101876 - 12 May 2021
Viewed by 401
Abstract
The re-introduction paradigm is that Arabian Oryx (Oryx leucoryx) herds adjust the size of their home ranges depending on the availability of vegetation, which is directly related to rainfall. In Israel, Arabian oryx were released in two hyper-arid sites: the Arava [...] Read more.
The re-introduction paradigm is that Arabian Oryx (Oryx leucoryx) herds adjust the size of their home ranges depending on the availability of vegetation, which is directly related to rainfall. In Israel, Arabian oryx were released in two hyper-arid sites: the Arava Valley and in the Paran wilderness, belonging to the Sudanese and the Saharo–Arabian biogeographic zones, respectively. While post-release survival was similar in both, reproductive success in the Paran wilderness reintroduction site was extremely low, resulting in an acute decline of the reintroduced population over time. The hypothesis that impaired nutrition might be associated with this finding was assessed with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)-aided chemistry of monthly sampled fecal pellets, used as remote sensing evidence of ingested diets, throughout a year. Fecal nitrogen (FN), used as an estimate of nutritional status, was consistently higher in the Arava. Grass was never the sole or even a major dietary component. The dietary contribution of tannin-rich browse was high and steady all year-round in the Arava and increased steadily in Paran from winter to summer, corresponding to the period of availability of Acacia raddiana pods in both regions. The oryx in Paran had a home-range that was ten-fold, compared to the Arava, suggesting less feed availability. Acacia browsing may mitigate the effects of temporal variance in primary production. Under such conditions, oryx should be preferably released in areas that support significant acacia stands. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Near Infrared Spectroscopy in Animal Ecophysiology)
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