Special Issue "Biotechnology for Sustainability and Social Well Being"

A special issue of Processes (ISSN 2227-9717). This special issue belongs to the section "Biological Systems".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 May 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Pau Loke Show
E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of Nottingham Malaysia, Jalan Broga 43500 Semenyih, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
Interests: bioprocess engineering
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Chiaki Ogino
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Chemical Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kobe University, Rokkoudai-chou 1-1, Nada, Kobe 657-8501, Japan
Interests: biorefinery; engineering; biotechnology; bioengineering; biorefinery; metabolic engineering
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. Mohamad Faizal Ibrahim
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Bioprocess Technology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Interests: waste utilization for value-added products through biotechnological approaches

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Bioprocessing is a very important technology that utilizes living organisms and their components to produce various types of products. The products and services that depend on bioprocessing can be grouped into the following: (1) Biopharmaceuticals that involve in the production of therapeutic compounds, vaccines, and diagnostic components. (2) Specific bio-based chemicals such as biofuels, food, and agricultural products; fine chemicals derived from and/or by living organisms; and other types of bioproducts. (3) Environmental management aids that use bioprocessing to treat, control, or remediate pollutants and toxic components. Bioprocessing is one of the key factors in several emerging industries of biofuels, used in the production of biogas, bioethanol, and biodiesel; industrial enzymes; waste management through biotechnology; new vaccines; and many more. Bioprocessing is always referred to as the technology that produces products and provides services that are environmentally friendly, sustainable, and renewable.

The important role of bioprocessing has attrackted interest from researchers to find suitable bioprocess to enhance the production or process efficiency. Asian Federation of Biotechnology (AFOB) has set 12 academic divisions that cover all biotechnological areas. Most of these areas require bioprocess technology for the production of their desired products. To share the recent technologies and findings in biotechnology, AFOB Malaysia Chapter (AFOB-MC) is organising the Second AFOB Malaysia Chapter International Symposium 2019 (AFOBMCIS 2019), to be held in Putrajaya, Malaysia, on 20–23 October 2019. The theme of the symposium is “Biotechnology for Sustainability and Social Well Being”, which covers 12 technical sessions, namely: (1) agricultural and food biotechnology; (2) applied microbiology; (3) biopharmaceutical and medical biotechnology; (4) biocatalysis and protein engineering; (5) bioprocess and bioseparation engineering; (6) bioenergy and biorefinery; (7) environmental biotechnology; (8) marine biotechnology; (9) nanobiotechnology, biosensors, and biochips; (10) systems and synthetic biotechnology; (11) tissue engineering and biomaterials; and (12) bioindustry promotion and bioeducation. All of the authors of the accepted contributions at AFOBMCIS 2019 related to bioprocessing are invited to submit manuscripts to Processes under the Special Issue of Bioprocessing.

Dr. Pau-Loke SHOW
Prof Dr. Chiaki Ogino
Dr. Mohamad Faizal Ibrahim
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Processes is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Please note that for papers submitted after 30 June 2020 an APC of 1500 CHF applies. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • bioprocess
  • bioproducts
  • bio-based chemicals
  • biomaterials
  • fermentation

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Sperm Proteomics Analysis of Diabetic Induced Male Rats as Influenced by Ficus carica Leaf Extract
Processes 2020, 8(4), 395; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8040395 (registering DOI) - 28 Mar 2020
Abstract
Diabetes mellitus is shown to bring negative effects on male reproductive health due to long-term effects of insulin deficiency or resistance and increased oxidative stress. Ficus carica (FC), an herbal plant, known to have high antioxidant activity and antidiabetic properties, has been used [...] Read more.
Diabetes mellitus is shown to bring negative effects on male reproductive health due to long-term effects of insulin deficiency or resistance and increased oxidative stress. Ficus carica (FC), an herbal plant, known to have high antioxidant activity and antidiabetic properties, has been used traditionally to treat diabetes. The objective of this study is to determine the potential of the FC leaf extract in improving sperm quality of streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic male rats from proteomics perspective. A total of 20 male rats were divided into four groups; normal (nondiabetic rats), negative control (diabetic rats without treatment), positive control (diabetic rats treated with 300 mg/kg metformin), and FC group (diabetic rats treated with 400 mg/kg FC extract). The treatments were given via oral gavage for 21 consecutive days. The fasting blood glucose (FBG) level of FC treated group demonstrated a significant (p < 0.05) decrease compared to negative group after 21 days of treatment, as well as a significant (p < 0.05) increase in the sperm quality parameters compared to negative group. Sperm proteomics analysis on FC treated group also exhibited the increase of total protein expression especially the proteins related to fertility compared to negative group. In conclusion, this study clearly justified that FC extract has good potential as antihyperglycemic and profertility agent that may be beneficial for male diabetic patients who have fertility problems. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biotechnology for Sustainability and Social Well Being)
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Open AccessArticle
Nutritional Quality and Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Selected Date Fruit Varieties of the United Arab Emirates
Processes 2020, 8(3), 256; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8030256 - 25 Feb 2020
Abstract
Production of highly soluble date sugar powder from the nutritive date fruits will be a suitable and superior alternative to commercial refined sugar, providing sustainability in date palm cultivation. A good understanding of the nutritional and phytochemical composition of date fruits is imperative [...] Read more.
Production of highly soluble date sugar powder from the nutritive date fruits will be a suitable and superior alternative to commercial refined sugar, providing sustainability in date palm cultivation. A good understanding of the nutritional and phytochemical composition of date fruits is imperative for this purpose. In this work, 11 different date fruit species commonly cultivated in the United Arab Emirates were studied for their chemical composition, physical properties, amino acids, minerals, and anti-nutritional contents. The results revealed that the date fruits contain moisture, protein, lipid, and ash content in the ranges of 14.8%–20.5%, 2.19%–3.12%, 0.25%–0.51%, and 1.37%–1.97%, respectively. Potassium was identified as the major microelement in all the date varieties. Amino acid assay depicted that the date fruits mainly contained glutamine and aspartic acids, along with other essential acids. Monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) were more prevalent in the date fruits than polysaccharides (sucrose), exhibiting the potential of date fruit for non-diabetic sugar production. Phytoconstituents present in date samples, such as flavonoids, oxalates, tannins, saponins, alkaloids, and cyanides, were also evaluated and reported. Results showed that although all date fruit varieties were nutritious, they contain significant variation in their nutritional, physical, elemental, and phytochemical properties. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biotechnology for Sustainability and Social Well Being)
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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Application of a Liquid Biphasic Flotation (LBF) System for Protein Extraction from Persiscaria Tenulla Leaf
Processes 2020, 8(2), 247; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8020247 - 21 Feb 2020
Abstract
Persiscaria tenulla, commonly known as Polygonum, is a plant belonging to the family Polygonaceae, which originated from and is widely found in Southeast Asia countries, such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam. The leaf of the plant is believed to have [...] Read more.
Persiscaria tenulla, commonly known as Polygonum, is a plant belonging to the family Polygonaceae, which originated from and is widely found in Southeast Asia countries, such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam. The leaf of the plant is believed to have active ingredients that are responsible for therapeutic effects. In order to take full advantage of a natural medicinal plant for the application in the pharmaceutical and food industries, extraction and separation techniques are essential. In this study, an emerging and rapid extraction approach known as liquid biphasic flotation (LBF) is proposed for the extraction of protein from Persiscaria tenulla leaves. The scope of this study is to establish an efficient, environmentally friendly, and cost-effective technology for the extraction of protein from therapeutic leaves. Based on the ideal conditions of the small LBF system, a 98.36% protein recovery yield and a 79.12% separation efficiency were achieved. The upscaling study of this system exhibited the reliability of this technology for large-scale applications with a protein recovery yield of 99.44% and a separation efficiency of 93.28%. This technology demonstrated a simple approach with an effective protein recovery yield and separation that can be applied for the extraction of bioactive compounds from various medicinal-value plants. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biotechnology for Sustainability and Social Well Being)
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: Application of Liquid Biphasic Flotation (LBF) System for Protein Recovery from Polygonum minus Leaf
Authors: Pau Loke Show
Affiliation: Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Nottingham Malaysia

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