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Special Issue "N-Heterocycles: Synthesis, Functionalization, Electrochemical, Spectroscopic Characterization and Mechanistic Investigation"

A special issue of Molecules (ISSN 1420-3049).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2020.

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Jacek Nycz
Website
Guest Editor
University of Silesia in Katowice, Katowice, Poland
Interests: Synthetic Organic Chemistry; Heterocyclic Chemistry; Density Functional Theory

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

N-Heterocycles are a component of some of the most important compounds found, with broad applications in pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries. They are widely seen in a number of natural products and have attracted considerable attention due to their biological activities, such as antimalarial, antifungal, antibacterial, antiasthmatic, antihypertensive, anti-inflammatory, and trichomonal activities. They are also important synthetic intermediates in preparing a variety of biologically active compounds. Many of these compounds are ligands in coordination chemistry, acting as an N atom donor for chelating with metals, such as in ruthenium metalloantimalarials, and are used for the identification of metals and in homogenous catalysis. They have been found applications in supramolecular chemistry, luminescent sensors, and photosensitizers for solar cells.

The well-known streptonigrin (also known as rufochromomycin and bruneomycin), lavendamycin, and other similar compounds possess an N-heterocycle subunit.

This Special Issue welcomes the submission of papers based on original research, or reviews that describe the innovative sustainable organic reactions and methodologies of nitrogen heterocycles, their functionalization, and applications, ranging from novel synthetic transformations to the design and development of new materials.

Dr. Jacek Nycz
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Molecules is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Heterocycles
  • Synthesis
  • Electrochemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Reaction mechanism

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
The Quaternization Reaction of 5-O-Sulfonates of Methyl 2,3-o-Isopropylidene-β-D-Ribofuranoside with Selected Heterocyclic and Aliphatic Amines
Molecules 2020, 25(9), 2161; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25092161 - 05 May 2020
Abstract
The synthesis of N-((methyl 5-deoxy-2,3-O-isopropylidene-β-D-ribofuranoside)-5-yl)ammonium salts are presented. To determine the effect of the nucleophile type and outgoing group on the quaternization reaction, selected aliphatic and heterocyclic aromatic amines reacted with: methyl 2,3-O-isopropylidene-5-O-tosyl-β [...] Read more.
The synthesis of N-((methyl 5-deoxy-2,3-O-isopropylidene-β-D-ribofuranoside)-5-yl)ammonium salts are presented. To determine the effect of the nucleophile type and outgoing group on the quaternization reaction, selected aliphatic and heterocyclic aromatic amines reacted with: methyl 2,3-O-isopropylidene-5-O-tosyl-β-D-ribofuranoside or methyl 2,3-O-isopropylidene-5-O-mesyl-β-D-ribofuranoside or methyl 2,3-O-isopropylidene-5-O-triflyl-β-D-ribofuranoside were performed on a micro scale. High-resolution 1H- and 13C-NMR spectral data for all new compounds were recorded. Additionally, the single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis for methyl 2,3-O-isopropylidene-5-O-mesyl-β-D-ribofuranoside and selected in silico interaction models are reported. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Synthesis, Electrochemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of Selected Quinolinecarbaldehydes and Their Schiff Base Derivatives
Molecules 2020, 25(9), 2053; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25092053 - 28 Apr 2020
Abstract
A new approach to the synthesis of selected quinolinecarbaldehydes with carbonyl groups located at C5 and/or in C7 positions is presented in this paper in conjunction with spectroscopic characterization of the products. The classical Reimer-Tiemann, Vilsmeier-Haack and Duff aldehyde synthesis methods were compared [...] Read more.
A new approach to the synthesis of selected quinolinecarbaldehydes with carbonyl groups located at C5 and/or in C7 positions is presented in this paper in conjunction with spectroscopic characterization of the products. The classical Reimer-Tiemann, Vilsmeier-Haack and Duff aldehyde synthesis methods were compared due to their importance. Computational studies were carried out to explain the preferred selectivity of the presented formylation transformations. A carbene insertion reaction based on Reimer-Tiemann methodology is presented for making 7-bromo-8-hydroxyquinoline-5-carbaldehyde. Additionally, Duff and Vilsmeier-Haack reactions were used in the double formylation of quinoline derivatives and their analogues benzo[h]quinolin-10-ol, 8-hydroxy-2-methylquinoline-5,7-dicarbaldehyde, 8-(dimethylamino) quinoline-5,7-dicarbaldehyde and 10-hydroxybenzo[h]quinoline-7,9-dicarbaldehyde. Four Schiff base derivatives of 2,6-diisopropylbenzenamine were prepared from selected quinoline-5-carbaldehydes and quinoline-7-carbaldehyde by an efficient synthesis protocol. Their properties have been characterized by a combination of several techniques: MS, HRMS, GC-MS, FTIR, electronic absorption spectroscopy and multinuclear NMR. The electrochemical properties of 8-hydroxy-quinoline-5-carbaldehyde, 6-(dimethylamino)quinoline-5-carbaldehyde and its methylated derivative were investigated, and a strong correlation between the chemical structure and obtained reduction and oxidation potentials was found. The presence of a methyl group facilitates oxidation. In contrast, the reduction potential of methylated compounds was more negative comparing to non-methylated structure. Calculations of frontier molecular orbitals supported the finding. The structures of 8-hydroxy-2-methylquinoline-5,7-dicarbaldehyde and four Schiff bases were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction measurements. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Synthesis and Electrochemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of 4,7-diamino-1,10-phenanthrolines and Their Precursors
Molecules 2019, 24(22), 4102; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24224102 - 13 Nov 2019
Cited by 1
Abstract
New approaches to the synthesis of 4,7-dichloro-1,10-phenanthrolines and their corresponding 9H-carbazol-9-yl-, 10H-phenothiazin-10-yl- and pyrrolidin-1-yl derivatives were developed. Their properties have been characterized by a combination of several techniques: MS, HRMS, GC-MS, electronic absorption spectroscopy and multinuclear NMR in both [...] Read more.
New approaches to the synthesis of 4,7-dichloro-1,10-phenanthrolines and their corresponding 9H-carbazol-9-yl-, 10H-phenothiazin-10-yl- and pyrrolidin-1-yl derivatives were developed. Their properties have been characterized by a combination of several techniques: MS, HRMS, GC-MS, electronic absorption spectroscopy and multinuclear NMR in both solution and solid state including 15N CP/MAS NMR. The structures of 5-fluoro-2,9-dimethyl-4,7-di(pyrrolidin-1-yl)-1,10-phenanthroline (5d), 4,7-di(9H-carbazol-9-yl)-9-oxo-9,10-dihydro-1,10-phenanthroline-5-carbonitrile (6a) and 4,7-di(10H-phenothiazin-10-yl)-1,10-phenanthroline-5-carbonitrile (6b) were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction measurements. The nucleophilic substitutions of hydrogen followed by oxidation produced compounds 6a and 6b. The electrochemical properties of selected 1,10-phenanthrolines were investigated using cyclic voltammetry and compared with commercially available reference 1,10-phenanthrolin-5-amine (5l). The spatial distribution of frontier molecular orbitals of the selected compounds has been calculated by density functional theory (DFT). It was shown that potentials of reduction and oxidation were in consistence with the level of HOMO and LUMO energies. Full article
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