Special Issue "Materials for Residential Electrochemical Energy Storage Systems"

A special issue of Materials (ISSN 1996-1944). This special issue belongs to the section "Energy Materials".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 June 2020.

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Jean François Drillet
Website
Guest Editor
DECHEMA Forschungsinstitut, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Interests: oxygen reduction catalysts; gas diffusion electrodes; manganese-based intercalation materials; deep-eutectic solvent-based electrolytes; high-temperature co-electrolysis

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Demand for electrochemical storage and conversion devices for transportation, residential applications, powered tools, and consumer electronics has been strongly stimulated by the inexorable growth of the Earth´s population and number of applications as well as the depletion of fossil fuel reserves. Even though the Li-ion battery is considered to be the “universal battery” and lithium and cobalt are not mentioned on the European list of critical raw materials, it is obvious that no technology alone will be able to satisfy the exigent market and customer expectations. In that context, the design of future electrochemical storage and conversion systems should consider numerous criteria, such as the energy efficency, long-term stability, raw material scarcity, cell chemistry, safety, and recycling potential.

Especially in the field of decentral solar energy economy, high cycling stability, affordability, and safety aspects of the storage system are of great importance. In that context, this Special Issue welcomes any original or review contribution related to the use of advanced materials for established (Pb-acid, NiMH, Li-LFP and Na/NiCl2) as well as emergent (metal/air, metal-ion, redox-flow) batteries for residential applications.

Dr. Jean François Drillet
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Materials is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • batteries for residential systems
  • long-term stability
  • low catalyst loading
  • corrosion-resistant
  • non-critical material
  • recycling ability

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of a Novel Al-Ion and a Li-Ion Battery for Stationary Applications
Materials 2019, 12(19), 3270; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12193270 - 08 Oct 2019
Cited by 3Correction
Abstract
The foreseen high penetration of fluctuant renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar, will cause an increased need for batteries to store the energy produced and not instantaneously consumed. Due to the high production cost and significant environmental impacts associated with the [...] Read more.
The foreseen high penetration of fluctuant renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar, will cause an increased need for batteries to store the energy produced and not instantaneously consumed. Due to the high production cost and significant environmental impacts associated with the production of lithium-ion nickel-manganese-cobalt (Li-ion NMC) batteries, several chemistries are proposed as a potential substitute. This study aims to identify and compare the lifecycle environmental impacts springing from a novel Al-ion battery, with the current state-of-the-art chemistry, i.e., Li-ion NMC. The global warming potential (GWP) indicator was selected to express the results due to its relevance to society, policy and to facilitate the comparison of our results with other research. The cradle-to-grave process-based assessment uses two functional units: (1) per-cell manufactured and (2) per-Wh of storage capacity. The results identified the battery’s production as the highest carbon intensity phase, being the energy usage the main contributor to GWP. In general, the materials and process involved in the manufacturing and recycling of the novel battery achieve a lower environmental impact in comparison to the Li-ion technology. However, due to the Al-ion’s low energy density, a higher amount of materials are needed to deliver equivalent performance than a Li-ion. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Materials for Residential Electrochemical Energy Storage Systems)
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Review

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Open AccessFeature PaperReview
Silicon and Iron as Resource-Efficient Anode Materials for Ambient-Temperature Metal-Air Batteries: A Review
Materials 2019, 12(13), 2134; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12132134 - 02 Jul 2019
Cited by 5
Abstract
Metal-air batteries provide a most promising battery technology given their outstanding potential energy densities, which are desirable for both stationary and mobile applications in a “beyond lithium-ion” battery market. Silicon- and iron-air batteries underwent less research and development compared to lithium- and zinc-air [...] Read more.
Metal-air batteries provide a most promising battery technology given their outstanding potential energy densities, which are desirable for both stationary and mobile applications in a “beyond lithium-ion” battery market. Silicon- and iron-air batteries underwent less research and development compared to lithium- and zinc-air batteries. Nevertheless, in the recent past, the two also-ran battery systems made considerable progress and attracted rising research interest due to the excellent resource-efficiency of silicon and iron. Silicon and iron are among the top five of the most abundant elements in the Earth’s crust, which ensures almost infinite material supply of the anode materials, even for large scale applications. Furthermore, primary silicon-air batteries are set to provide one of the highest energy densities among all types of batteries, while iron-air batteries are frequently considered as a highly rechargeable system with decent performance characteristics. Considering fundamental aspects for the anode materials, i.e., the metal electrodes, in this review we will first outline the challenges, which explicitly apply to silicon- and iron-air batteries and prevented them from a broad implementation so far. Afterwards, we provide an extensive literature survey regarding state-of-the-art experimental approaches, which are set to resolve the aforementioned challenges and might enable the introduction of silicon- and iron-air batteries into the battery market in the future. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Materials for Residential Electrochemical Energy Storage Systems)
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Other

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Open AccessCorrection
Correction: Salgado Delgado, M.A., et al. Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of a Novel Al-Ion and a Li-Ion Battery for Stationary Applications. Materials 2019, 12, 3270
Materials 2019, 12(23), 3893; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12233893 - 25 Nov 2019
Abstract
The authors wish to make the following corrections to this paper [...] Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Materials for Residential Electrochemical Energy Storage Systems)
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