Special Issue "Marine Metrology and Oceanographic Measurements 2020"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 5 November 2022 | Viewed by 1938
Interests: metrology in chemistry and environmental pollutants; development of analytical methods for the quantification of gaseous atmospheric pollutants and organic micropollutants
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Characterization of the status of the oceans has a particular significance from an environmental point of view, particularly in relation to climate change.
Many physical and chemical parameters (essential climate variables) are monitored worldwide, and their long-term determination is of utmost importance to support climate change modeling. The reliability of such measurements is an essential feature to discriminate between natural variations or systematic trends. In this framework, there is a growing need to build a strong metrological infrastructure for marine measurements to support the worlds of marine observation and data management. The strengthening of the cooperation among different communities (metrological, oceanographic, instrument producers) is the key starting point.
The aim of this Special Issue is to collect valuable contributions on the developments and achievements in the fields of marine metrology and oceanographic observations, including method development, sensors characterization, and data quality and management.
This Special Issue will host selected papers from the “2020 IMEKO TC-19 International Workshop on Metrology for the Sea”, but other contributions are also welcome.
Dr. Francesca Rolle
Dr. Michela Sega
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- EOV (essential ocean variables)
- metrological traceability and comparability
- data harmonization and data quality
- reference standards
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Francesca Rolle, Michela Sega, Francesca Romana Pennecchi, Andrea Merlone, Chiara Musacchio, Graziano Coppa
Abstract: Monitoring of the state of oceans and its evolution in space and time is of fundamental importance, due to the relevance and impact they have on the Earth’s global cycle. Oceans are a crucial source of food, water, energy and minerals, they cover 71 % of the Earth’s surface and play a central role in regulating its climate, serving also as a natural sink for carbon emissions. Due to the enhanced greenhouse effect, oceans have been disproportionately impacted by climate change: they are constantly becoming warmer, more acidic and showing a marked stratification. These changes have altered ecosystems and increased the vulnerability of many marine species. The Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS), a programme of UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC), has established a framework for ocean observation centred on Essential Ocean Variables (EOVs). GOOS Expert Panels identified 31 EOVs that include physical (e.g. temperature, salinity, currents, ice), biogeochemical (e.g. dissolved gases and nutrients, acidification, particulate matter and tracers) and biological (e.g. phytoplankton) parameters. The importance of these variables for the monitoring of oceans’ state is underlined by the presence of 19 GOOS EOVs among the 54 Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) defined by the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS). The monitoring of the EOVs is fundamental to assess the status of the marine environments. However, in many cases a multidisciplinary and coordinated approach to establish fundamental metrological concepts in EOV observations is lacking. In this context, documented traceability to the International System of Units for EOVs to establish improved comparability among different sites and measuring methods, including proper quality assurance tools (e.g. reference materials, interlaboratory comparisons, uncertainty evaluation) are current needs. In the present paper, a literature review of some EOVs is presented (partial pressure of CO2; stable carbon isotopes; surface, subsurface and deep ocean temperature), reporting on recent studies and results, with a focus on relevant metrological open issues.