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New Advance in Cardiovascular Care

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Global Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 May 2022) | Viewed by 23590

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Guest Editor
Department of Clinical Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Wroclaw Medical University, 50-367 Wrocław, Poland
Interests: heart failure; frailty syndrome; self care

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death around the world. According to the European Cardiovascular Disease Statistics 2017, CVD caused 3.9 million deaths in Europe each year, which are more than half of all deaths across the European Region.  Therefore, care for patients with cardiovascular disease is extremely important. Recent reports provided by researchers from around the world regarding advances in CVD care is important in the context of providing continuity of care. The most appropriate, best possible, evidence-based care. We invite you to show and publish your research for a wide audience.

Prof. Dr. Izabella Uchmanowicz
Guest Editor

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Keywords

  • cardiovascular disease
  • cardiovascular care
  • adherence
  • self care

Published Papers (10 papers)

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Research

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9 pages, 325 KiB  
Article
The Evaluation of Functional Abilities Using the Modified Fullerton Functional Fitness Test Is a Valuable Accessory in Diagnosing Men with Heart Failure
by Magdalena Migaj, Marta Kałużna-Oleksy, Jacek Migaj and Anna Straburzyńska-Lupa
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(15), 9210; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19159210 - 28 Jul 2022
Viewed by 1335
Abstract
The assessment of functional abilities reflects the ability to perform everyday life activities that require specific endurance and physical fitness. The Fullerton functional fitness test (FFFT) seems to be the most appropriate for assessing physical fitness in heart failure (HF) patients. The study [...] Read more.
The assessment of functional abilities reflects the ability to perform everyday life activities that require specific endurance and physical fitness. The Fullerton functional fitness test (FFFT) seems to be the most appropriate for assessing physical fitness in heart failure (HF) patients. The study group consisted of 30 consecutive patients hospitalized for the routine assessment of HF with a reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). They formed the study group, and 24 healthy subjects formed the control group. Each patient underwent a cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET), transthoracic echocardiography and FFFT modified by adding the measurement of the handgrip force of the dominant limb with the digital dynamometer. The HF patients had significantly lower peak oxygen uptake (peakVO2), maximal minute ventilation, and higher ventilatory equivalent (VE/VCO2). The concentrations of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal proBNP (NT-proBNP) were significantly higher in the study group. The results of all the FFFT items were significantly worse in the study group. FFFT parameters, together with the assessment of the strength of the handgrip, strongly correlated with the results of standard tests in HF. FFFT is an effective and safe tool for the functional evaluation of patients with HFrEF. Simple muscle strength measurement with a hand-held dynamometer can become a convenient and practical indicator of muscle strength in HF patients. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advance in Cardiovascular Care)
13 pages, 2431 KiB  
Article
Interobserver Agreement and Reference Intervals for Biventricular Myocardial Deformation in Full-Term, Healthy Newborns: A 2D Speckle-Tracking Echocardiography-Based Strain Analysis
by Daniela Toma, Rodica Toganel, Amalia Fagarasan, Manuela Cucerea, Dorottya Gabor-Miklosi, Andreea Cerghit-Paler, Diana-Ramona Iurian, Horea Gozar, Elena Moldovan, Mihaela Iancu and Liliana Gozar
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(14), 8620; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19148620 - 15 Jul 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1287
Abstract
Data regarding reference intervals for strain parameters derived from 2D speckle-tracking echocardiography in full-term newborns are limited and still under development. Our objectives were to establish the level of reproducibility and reference intervals in assessing myocardial function using 2D speckle-tracking echocardiography for longitudinal [...] Read more.
Data regarding reference intervals for strain parameters derived from 2D speckle-tracking echocardiography in full-term newborns are limited and still under development. Our objectives were to establish the level of reproducibility and reference intervals in assessing myocardial function using 2D speckle-tracking echocardiography for longitudinal and regional strain measurements. A total of 127 full-term newborns were examined to be included in the study, of which 103 were analyzed. We used two-dimensional acquisitions from apical four-chamber view of both ventricles and analyzed the autostrain function offline. We obtained interobserver agreement between the two observers ranging from good to excellent for all speckle-tracking parameters except for the strain of the medial portion of the left ventricle (LV) lateral wall and the strain measured on the basal portion of the inter-ventricular septum, which reflected a fair interobserver reproducibility (ICC = 0.52, 95% IC: 0.22–0.72 and ICC = 0.43, 95% IC: 0.12–0.67, respectively). The reference values obtained for the LV peak longitudinal strain were between −24.65 and −14.62, those for the right ventricle (RV) free wall were from −28.69 to −10.68, and those for the RV global four-chamber were from −22.30 to −11.37. In conclusion, two-dimensional peak longitudinal LV and RV strains are reproducible with good to excellent agreement and may represent a possible alternative for the cardiac assessment of healthy newborns in the clinical practice. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advance in Cardiovascular Care)
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10 pages, 351 KiB  
Article
The Influence of Frailty Syndrome and Dementia on the Convenience and Satisfaction with Oral Anticoagulation Treatment in Elderly Patients with Atrial Fibrillation
by Katarzyna Lomper, Maria Łoboz-Rudnicka, Tomasz Bańkowski, Krystyna Łoboz-Grudzień and Joanna Jaroch
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(9), 5355; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095355 - 28 Apr 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1703
Abstract
Background: The impact of frailty syndrome (FS) and dementia on the convenience and satisfaction with oral anticoagulation (OAC) treatment in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients is not well-known. Aim: Assessment the impact of FS and dementia on the convenience and satisfaction with OAC treatment [...] Read more.
Background: The impact of frailty syndrome (FS) and dementia on the convenience and satisfaction with oral anticoagulation (OAC) treatment in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients is not well-known. Aim: Assessment the impact of FS and dementia on the convenience and satisfaction with OAC treatment in 116 elderly (mean age 75.2, SD = 8.2) patients with AF. Methodology: A self-administered questionnaire was used in the study to collect basic socio-demographic and clinical data. Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI) questionnaire was used to assess the presence of FS, Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) to assess cognitive impairment (CI), The Perception of Anticoagulant Treatment Questionnaire Part 2 (PACT-Q2) to assess convenience and satisfaction with OAC treatment, and the Arrhythmia-Specific Questionnaire in Tachycardia and Arrhythmia (ASTA) to assess quality of life (QoL). Results: Multivariable analysis as a significant, negative predictor of the convenience and satisfaction domain showed the occurrence of dementia (β = −0.34; p < 0.001, β = −0.41; p < 0.001, respectively) and prior major bleeding (β = −0.30; p < 0.001, β = −0.33; p < 0.001, respectively). Analysis showed a significant relationship between convenience and satisfaction and the overall result of the ASTA (r = −0.329; p < 0.001, r = −0.372; p < 0.001, respectively). Conclusions: Elements of geriatric syndrome, such as FS and dementia, adversely affect treatment convenience and satisfaction with OAC treatment in AF. It has been shown that better convenience and satisfaction with OAC treatment translates into better QoL. There were no differences between satisfaction and convenience and the type of OAC treatment (vitamin K antagonists (VKA) vs. novel oral anticoagulants (NOAC). Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advance in Cardiovascular Care)
15 pages, 544 KiB  
Article
Variables Determining Higher Home Care Effectiveness in Patients with Chronic Cardiovascular Disease
by Elżbieta Szlenk-Czyczerska, Marika Guzek, Dorota Emilia Bielska, Anna Ławnik, Piotr Polański and Donata Kurpas
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(9), 5170; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095170 - 24 Apr 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1849
Abstract
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the variables that influence the effectiveness of home care in patients with chronic cardiovascular disease and their informal caregivers. The study was conducted in 193 patients and their 161 informal caregivers. The study used [...] Read more.
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the variables that influence the effectiveness of home care in patients with chronic cardiovascular disease and their informal caregivers. The study was conducted in 193 patients and their 161 informal caregivers. The study used the WHOQOL-BREF Quality of Life Questionnaire, the health behavior inventory questionnaire (HBI), the Camberwell assessment of need short appraisal schedule (CANSAS) and the hospital anxiety and depression scale–modified (HADS–M) version. Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient test and logistic regression were used for analyses. Analysis of patients revealed an association between home care effectiveness and the following variables (OR per unit): age (OR = 0.98, 95% CI: 0.95–0.99), educational level (OR = 1.45, 95% CI: 1.05–2.02), financial status (OR = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.21–0.83), medication irregularity (OR = 0.25, 95% CI: 0.07–0.72), presence of comorbidities (OR = 6.18, 95% CI: 1.83–23.78), health care services provided by a nurse (OR = 1.25, 95% CI: 1.03–1.64), and number of visits to a cardiology clinic (OR = 1.25, 95% CI: 1.02–1.59). There was no association between care effectiveness and sex (p = 0.28), place of residence (p = 0.757), duration of cardiovascular disease (p = 0.718), number of home visits (p = 0.154), nursing interventions (p = 0.16), and adherence to lifestyle change recommendations (p = 0.539) or proper dietary habits (p = 0.355). A greater chance of improved health care effectiveness was found in patients whose caregivers reported higher social (OR = 1.24, 95% CI: 1.09–1.44), psychological (OR = 1.68, 95% CI: 1.25–2.37), and physical (OR = 1.24, 95% CI: 1.05–1.49) quality of life. Patients with cardiovascular disease who were characterized by lower educational attainment, poorer financial status, fewer visits to cardiology clinics, lower utilization of medical services, poorer self-perception of mental and physical well-being, recent onset of disease symptoms, and irregular use of medications, were much more likely to have poorer health care effectiveness. Patients with cardiovascular disease and their caregivers can be well supported at home as long as the care model is tailored to the specific needs. This includes family care coordination in the health care team, home care, and general practice support. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advance in Cardiovascular Care)
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14 pages, 355 KiB  
Article
The Analysis of the Relationship between the Quality of Life Level and Expectations of Patients with Cardiovascular Diseases under the Home Care of Primary Care Nurses
by Elżbieta Szlenk-Czyczerska, Marika Guzek, Dorota Emilia Bielska, Anna Ławnik, Piotr Polański and Donata Kurpas
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(6), 3300; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063300 - 11 Mar 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2234
Abstract
The World Health Organization defines quality of life as a person’s perception of his or her life situation in relation to the culture and value system in which he or she lives, in relation to and with respect to his or her functioning [...] Read more.
The World Health Organization defines quality of life as a person’s perception of his or her life situation in relation to the culture and value system in which he or she lives, in relation to and with respect to his or her functioning assumptions, expectations, and standards set by environmental conditions. Meeting the expectations of patients with CVD is one of the factors that positively influences their health status and leads to better diagnostic and treatment outcomes. The aim of this study was to answer three main questions related to patients with chronic cardiovascular disease: (1) What is their quality of life? (2) Are patients’ expectations about the quality of care provided by primary health care physicians/nurses met (and at what level)? (3) Is there a correlation between patients’ quality of life and their expectations of primary health care physicians/nurses? The study involved 193 Polish CVD patients who were cared for at home by a family nurse practitioner working in primary health care facilities. Data were collected from March 2016 to January 2017. The WHOQOL-BREF Quality of Life Questionnaire and the Author Interview Questionnaire were used for the study. Data analysis was based on the Spearman correlation coefficient test. There was a statistically significant association between patients’ expectations of the physician regarding information about the course of the disease and quality of life in the following domains: environmental r = 0.20, p = 0.006, psychological: r = 0.18, p = 0.015, physical: r = 0.18, p = 0.013, and social: r = 0.16, p = 0.025. Patients who did not expect the nurse to be courteous, understanding, or interested were found to have higher quality of life scores in psychological (r = −0.17, p = 0.023) and physical (r = −0.15, p = 0.044) domains. There was a statistically significant relationship between expectations of care from nurses regarding intimacy during care activities and the level of satisfaction with one’s own health (r = −0.15, p = 0.038) and quality of life (r = −0.14, p = 0.045), as well as quality of life in the domains of physical (r = 0.21, p = 0.004), social (r = 0.19, p = 0.010), and psychological (r = 0.16, p = 0.024). There is a need to define the expectations of patients with chronic cardiovascular disease in primary care, as lack of expectations of a physician/nurse continues to be associated with lower quality of life in all domains. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advance in Cardiovascular Care)
14 pages, 1344 KiB  
Article
Myocardial Work Brings New Insights into Left Ventricular Remodelling in Cardio-Oncology Patients
by Vera Vaz Ferreira, Tania Branco Mano, Isabel Cardoso, Madalena Coutinho Cruz, Luísa Moura Branco, Luís Almeida-Morais, Ana Timóteo, Ana Galrinho, Alexandra Castelo, Pedro Garcia Brás, Diana Simão, Mariana Sardinha, António Gonçalves and Rui Cruz Ferreira
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(5), 2826; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19052826 - 28 Feb 2022
Cited by 10 | Viewed by 2255
Abstract
Serial transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) assessment of 2D left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and global longitudinal strain (GLS) are the gold standard screening methods for cancer therapeutics-related cardiac dysfunction (CTRCD). Non-invasive left ventricular (LV) pressure-strain loop (PSL) provides a novel method of quantifying myocardial [...] Read more.
Serial transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) assessment of 2D left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and global longitudinal strain (GLS) are the gold standard screening methods for cancer therapeutics-related cardiac dysfunction (CTRCD). Non-invasive left ventricular (LV) pressure-strain loop (PSL) provides a novel method of quantifying myocardial work (MW) with potential advantages to evaluate the impact of cardiotoxic treatments on heart function. We prospectively assessed breast cancer female patients undergoing cancer therapy through serial monitoring by 2D and 3D TTE. Patients were evaluated at T0, T1 and T2 (before, 4–6 and 12–14 months after starting therapy, respectively). Through PSL analysis, MW indices were calculated. A total of 122 patients, with a mean age of 54.7 years, who received treatment with anthracyclines (77.0%) and anti-HER2 (75.4%) were included. During a mean follow-up of 14.9 ± 9.3 months, LVEF and GLS were significantly diminished, and 29.5% developed CTRCD. All MW indices were significantly reduced at T1 compared with baseline and tended to return to baseline values at T2. Global work index and global work efficiency showed a more pronounced variation in patients with CTRCD. The presence of more than one cardiovascular risk factor, obesity and baseline left atrium volume were predictors of changes in MW parameters. In conclusion, breast cancer treatment was associated with LV systolic dysfunction as assessed by MW, with its peak at 4–6 months and a partial recovery afterwards. Assessment of myocardial deformation parameters allows a more detailed characterization of cardiac remodelling and could enhance patient screening and selection for cardioprotective therapeutics. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advance in Cardiovascular Care)
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18 pages, 759 KiB  
Article
Exploring the Relationship between Frailty, Functional Status, Polypharmacy, and Quality of Life in Elderly and Middle-Aged Patients with Cardiovascular Diseases: A One-Year Follow-Up Study
by Elisabeta Ioana Hiriscau, Elena-Cristina Buzdugan, Ligia-Ancuta Hui and Constantin Bodolea
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(4), 2286; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042286 - 17 Feb 2022
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 2557
Abstract
The association between frailty, disability in activities of daily living (ADL), polypharmacy, and quality of life (QoL) in middle-aged patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) is little investigated. This study sought (a) to explore this association comparatively in elderly and middle-aged hospitalized patients with [...] Read more.
The association between frailty, disability in activities of daily living (ADL), polypharmacy, and quality of life (QoL) in middle-aged patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) is little investigated. This study sought (a) to explore this association comparatively in elderly and middle-aged hospitalized patients with CVD and (b) to determine which domains of ADL and QoL might improve the frailty prediction. A one-year follow-up study including 90 elderly (≥65 years old) and 89 middle-aged patients (40–65 years old) was conducted. At baseline, frailty assessment was performed based on the Fried criteria; Barthel Index (BI) and Duke Activity Status Index (DASI) were used for ADL, and European Quality of Life-5 dimensions (EQ-5D) for QoL. At follow-up, data were collected via telephone. At baseline, 79 patients (51 elderly and 28 middle-aged) were frail. The CVD frail patients showed functional dependency and a poor QoL compared to the non-frail (p < 0.001) and within each subgroup at follow-up. Mobility was found to predict frailty in both elderly (OR = 2.34) (C.I. (1.03–5.29)) and middle-aged patients (OR = 2.58) (C.I. (1.15–5.78)). The ADL assessment and self-reported QoL may help to identify an aggravation or an advanced frailty condition in hospitalized elderly and middle-aged CVD patients. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advance in Cardiovascular Care)
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14 pages, 725 KiB  
Article
The Impact of Clinical, Biochemical, and Echocardiographic Parameters on the Quality of Life in Patients with Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction
by Marta Kałużna-Oleksy, Filip Sawczak, Agata Kukfisz, Helena Krysztofiak, Magdalena Szczechla, Marta Wleklik, Katarzyna Przytarska, Magdalena Dudek, Alicja Nowak, Ewa Straburzyńska-Migaj and Bartosz Uchmanowicz
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(23), 12448; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312448 - 26 Nov 2021
Viewed by 1883
Abstract
Despite significant advances in HF diagnosis and treatment over the recent decades, patients still characterize poor long-term prognosis with many recurrent hospitalizations and reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL). We aimed to check the potential relationship between clinical, biochemical, or echocardiographic parameters and [...] Read more.
Despite significant advances in HF diagnosis and treatment over the recent decades, patients still characterize poor long-term prognosis with many recurrent hospitalizations and reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL). We aimed to check the potential relationship between clinical, biochemical, or echocardiographic parameters and HRQoL in patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). We included 152 adult patients hospitalized due to chronic HFrEF. We used the WHOQoL-BREF questionnaire to assess HRQoL and GNRI to evaluate nutritional status. We also analyzed several biochemical parameters and left ventricle ejection fraction. Forty (26.3%) patients were hospitalized due to HF exacerbation and 112 (73.7%) due to planned HF evaluation. The median age was 57 (48–62) years. Patients with low somatic HRQoL score had lower transferrin saturation (23.7 ± 11.1 vs. 29.7 ± 12.5%; p = 0.01), LDL (2.40 (1.80–2.92) vs. 2.99 (2.38–3.60) mmol/L; p = 0.001), triglycerides (1.18 (0.91–1.57) vs. 1.48 (1.27–2.13) mmol/L; p = 0.006) and LVEF (20 (15–25) vs. 25 (20–30)%; p = 0.003). TIBC (64.9 (58.5–68.2) vs. 57.7 (52.7–68.6); p = 0.02) was significantly higher in this group. We observed no associations between HRQoL and age or gender. The somatic domain of WHOQoL-BREF in patients with HFrEF correlated with the clinical status as well as biochemical and echocardiographic parameters. Assessment of HRQoL in HFrEF seems important in everyday practice and can identify patients requiring a special intervention Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advance in Cardiovascular Care)
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Review

Jump to: Research

14 pages, 411 KiB  
Review
Frailty Syndrome in Older Adults with Cardiovascular Diseases–What Do We Know and What Requires Further Research?
by Marta Wleklik, Quin Denfeld, Magdalena Lisiak, Michał Czapla, Marta Kałużna-Oleksy and Izabella Uchmanowicz
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(4), 2234; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042234 - 16 Feb 2022
Cited by 21 | Viewed by 3953
Abstract
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) affect 60% of people over 60 years of age and are one of the main causes of death in the world. Diagnosed cardiovascular disease also triples the likelihood of Frailty syndrome (FS). FS has become increasingly relevant in cardiology and [...] Read more.
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) affect 60% of people over 60 years of age and are one of the main causes of death in the world. Diagnosed cardiovascular disease also triples the likelihood of Frailty syndrome (FS). FS has become increasingly relevant in cardiology and cardiac surgery and occurs in a significant number of patients with CVD, with prevalence ranging from 25% to 62%. Viewed in a multidimensional, biopsychosocial perspective, FS increases a patient’s vulnerability, making them susceptible to several adverse clinical outcomes. Frailty syndrome also is a predictor of mortality in patients with CVD regardless of age, severity of disease, multi-morbidity, and disability. Frailty syndrome potentially can be prevented in patients with CVD and its early identification is important to avoid the development of disability, dependence on others and reduced quality of life. The aim of this paper is to show the relationship between FS and specific CVDs (coronary artery disease, hypertension, atrial fibrillation, heart failure) and cardiac procedures (device implantation, cardiac surgery, and transcatheter aortic valve implantation). Furthermore, we highlight those areas that require further research to fully understand the relationship between FS and CVD and to be able to minimize or prevent its adverse effects. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advance in Cardiovascular Care)
18 pages, 1629 KiB  
Review
Heart Failure Care: Testing Dyadic Dynamics Using the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM)—A Scoping Review
by Izabella Uchmanowicz, Kenneth M. Faulkner, Ercole Vellone, Agnieszka Siennicka, Remigiusz Szczepanowski and Agnieszka Olchowska-Kotala
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(4), 1919; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19041919 - 9 Feb 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 3195
Abstract
Self-care behaviors are essential for the effective treatment of heart failure (HF), and poor self-care may lead to adverse clinical events in patients with HF. A growing body of literature addresses the need to analyze the characteristics of both patient and caregiver since [...] Read more.
Self-care behaviors are essential for the effective treatment of heart failure (HF), and poor self-care may lead to adverse clinical events in patients with HF. A growing body of literature addresses the need to analyze the characteristics of both patient and caregiver since they are in mutual, long-term interaction, and their reactions to events are dependent on each other. One of the most common approaches for analyzing data on HF self-care dyads is the Actor–Partner Interdependence Model (APIM). The purpose of this study was to conduct a scoping review to answer the following question: what did we learn from HF dyadic studies based on the APIM approach? Medline, Academic Search Ultimate, and CINAHL Complete databases were searched, using the terms “dyad,” “dyadic,” and “heart failure,” for studies published between 2009 and April 2021. Fifteen studies were reviewed from a pool of 106 papers. Studies using the APIM approach revealed interrelated patient and caregiver characteristics that influence self-care and explain many complex dyadic behaviors. Our analysis provided evidence that (1) APIM is a useful analytical approach; (2) a family-oriented approach can improve the functioning of a patient with HF; and (3) social support from caregivers significantly enhances patients’ adaptation to illness. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advance in Cardiovascular Care)
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