Special Issue "Sport, Physical Activity and Public Health: Influence of Age and Gender"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Women's Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 August 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Leonor Gallardo
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain
Interests: sport management; sport facilities; sport performance
Dr. Jorge García-Unanue
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain
Interests: sport management; sports policy; sports planning

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Scientific evidence has shown that physical activity and sport, practiced with certain frequency and at a moderate to vigorous intensity, are one of the best strategies currently available to promote public health and the well-being of the population. In addition, physical activity and sport practice are directly associated with increasing quality of life in childhood, adolescence and adulthood.

These improvements in health and quality of life are closely related to the amount and type of activities practiced throughout different stages of life. In addition, the possible benefits and physiological changes are also linked to the gender of the participants. Therefore, the interaction between age and gender in terms of health promotion through sport and physical activity is an incipient area of ​​interdisciplinary research with great academic, political and practical implications.

The aim of this Special Issue is to attract studies that address age and gender influence on physical activity and sport practice. Although this call is primarily intended for manuscripts including samples or observations that analyse the interaction between both variables, research that includes only one sex or age category in their study design is also welcome, provided it is contextualised in the influence or the role of age and gender on public health and sport practice.

Topics as important as gender differences in adherence to physical activity, bone development in growing girls and their relationship with osteoarticular health in adulthood, epidemiology of physical activity in different contexts and ages, the benefits of policies to promote sports practice in elderly people, the efficiency of spending for promoting sports in different populations and savings in health costs, or differences in physiological adaptations to exercise depending on age and gender can be covered in this Special Issue.

Prof. Leonor Gallardo
Dr. Jorge García-Unanue
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Age and physical activity
  • Physiological adaptations by gender
  • Physical activity epidemiology
  • Public health
  • Physical activity promotion
  • Public policies
  • Sport and elderly

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

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Open AccessArticle
Quantification of Internal and External Load in School Football According to Gender and Teaching Methodology
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(1), 344; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010344 - 03 Jan 2020
Abstract
The design of teaching tasks determines the physical and physiological demands that students are exposed to in physical education classes. The purpose of this study is to quantify and compare, according to gender and teaching methodology, the external (eTL) and internal (iTL) load [...] Read more.
The design of teaching tasks determines the physical and physiological demands that students are exposed to in physical education classes. The purpose of this study is to quantify and compare, according to gender and teaching methodology, the external (eTL) and internal (iTL) load resulting from the application of two programs that follow different teaching methodologies, i.e., a Tactical Games Approach (TGA) and Direct Instruction (DI), to teach school football. The Ratings of Perceived Exertion (RPEs) recorded in the assessments were also studied. A total of 41 students in the fifth year of primary education from a state school from Spain participated in the study (23 boys and 18 girls), aged from 10 to 11 (M ± SD, 10.63 ± 0.49 years) and divided into two class groups. All the sessions were monitored with inertial devices that made it possible to record physical activity and convert the information into kinematic parameters. The results indicated that the students who followed the TGA method recorded higher iTL values (heart rate) and spent more time performing high-intensity activities. Boys recorded higher eTL, iTL, and RPE values than girls. There was an evolution in the RPE between the assessments, with both groups presenting a more efficient RPE in the posttest. The TGA method favors student physical fitness and health, thus, this method is recommended when planning physical education sessions. Full article
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Review

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Open AccessReview
Tools Used to Measure the Physical State of Women with Celiac Disease: A Review with a Systematic Approach
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(2), 539; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020539 - 15 Jan 2020
Abstract
Celiac disease (CD) is an immunological disorder that mainly affects the small intestine, generating an inflammatory process in response to the presence of gluten (a protein). Autoimmune diseases are part of a group of diseases that are difficult to diagnose without a specific [...] Read more.
Celiac disease (CD) is an immunological disorder that mainly affects the small intestine, generating an inflammatory process in response to the presence of gluten (a protein). Autoimmune diseases are part of a group of diseases that are difficult to diagnose without a specific protocol or consensus to detect them due to the number of symptoms and diseases with which it has a relationship. Therefore, the aim of this review was to analyze the diagnostic tools of CD used in middle-aged women, to compare the use and effectiveness of the different tools, and to propose a strategy for the use of the tools based on the results found in the literature. The present research followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guideline. The search was conducted in the following databases: Scielo, PubMed, Web of Science, and Worldwide Science org. In the initial literature search, 2004 titles and relevant abstracts were found. Among them, 687 were duplicates, leaving 1130 articles. Based on the inclusion criteria, only 41 articles passed the selection process; 4 main types of analyses appear in the studies: blood tests, questionnaires, clinical history, and biopsy. It can be said that none of the analyses have a 100% reliability since most of them can present false negatives; therefore, the best way to diagnose celiac disease up to now is through a combination of different tests (Immunoglobulin A and small intestinal biopsy). Full article
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: Physical condition in young soccer players-Influence of maturational stage and aerobic fitness
Authors: Samuel Manzano-Carrasco, José Luis Felipe, Javier Sánchez-Sánchez, Leonor Gallardo and Jorge García-Unanue

 

Title: Quantification of internal and external load in school football according to gender and teaching methodology
Authors: García-Ceberino, J.M.; Antúnez, A.; Feu, S.,  & Ibáñez S.J.

 

Title: Gender and age association in health parameters and body composition of active disabled athletes competing in Special Olympics Games
Authors: Jesús Fernández-Gavira, Antonio Jesús Sánchez-Oliver, Jerónimo García-Fernández, Moisés Grimaldi-Puyana, Pablo Gálvez-Ruiz

 

Title: Predictive variables of adolescents´ intention to be physically active after graduation. Is the gender a conditioning factor?
Authors: Maria H. González-Serrano, Carlos Pérez Campos, Ferran Calabuig-Moreno

 

Title: Assessment of active video games’ energy expenditure and intensity in overweight and obese children
Authors: Alex Gonzalez-Aguero, Marcos Perez-Llera, Cristina Comeras-Chueca, Gabriel Lozano-Berges, Jorge Marin-Puyalto, Angel Matute-Llorente, Germán Vicente-Rodriguez, José Antonio Casajus

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