Next Article in Journal
Spatial and Temporal Evaluation of Ecological Footprint Intensity of Jiangsu Province at the County-Level Scale
Previous Article in Journal
Association between Psychological Factors and Evacuation Status and the Incidence of Cardiovascular Diseases after the Great East Japan Earthquake: A Prospective Study of the Fukushima Health Management Survey
Previous Article in Special Issue
Older Adults’ Gender, Age and Physical Activity Effects on Anxiety, Optimism, Resilience and Engagement
Open AccessArticle

Participation Motives of Sport and Exercise Maintainers: Influences of Age and Gender

by 1,2
1
Institute for Sport Science, University of Vienna, 1150 Vienna, Austria
2
Department of Health Sciences, University of Applied Science FH Campus Wien, 1100 Vienna, Austria
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 7830; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217830
Received: 20 August 2020 / Revised: 21 October 2020 / Accepted: 23 October 2020 / Published: 26 October 2020
Promotion of physical activity has become a global priority for public health. While many people do not adhere to the recommendations, sport and exercise maintainers have found their right or fitting practice. Thus, assessing and knowing the participation motives across maintainers helps to improve our understanding of the sports and exercise practices and, thus, to recommend and to design physical activities and programmes that fit to individuals’ motives. A modified version of the Bernese Motive and Goal Inventory was used in an Austria-wide cross-sectional study with 10646 sport and exercise maintainers (43% female). The study performed confirmatory factor analysis, examined measurement invariance, and compared participation motives. The results showed a good model fit and measurement invariance, indicating that the inventory can be applied independently of gender, age and years of sport/exercise experiences. Motives differed among gender, age and type of sports/exercise. Therefore, these variables should be considered in tailoring sport recommendations and interventions to promote adherence. Finally, the results are discussed by using the Self-Determination Theory indicating that sport and exercise maintainers pursue predominantly motives with intrinsic goal contents. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity promotion; motivation; behaviour change; sport participation; exercise adherence; self-determination theory physical activity promotion; motivation; behaviour change; sport participation; exercise adherence; self-determination theory
MDPI and ACS Style

Ley, C. Participation Motives of Sport and Exercise Maintainers: Influences of Age and Gender. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7830.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop