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Article

The Impact of the COVID-19 Confinement on the Habits of PA Practice According to Gender (Male/Female): Spanish Case

1
Department of Sports and IT, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Pablo de Olavide, 41013 Seville, Spain
2
Department of Economic and Business Administration, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of León, 24071 León, Spain
3
Department of Didactic of Musical, Plastic and Corporal Expression, Faculty of Education, Soria, University of Valladolid, 42004 Soria, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(19), 6961; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17196961
Received: 14 August 2020 / Revised: 9 September 2020 / Accepted: 15 September 2020 / Published: 23 September 2020
The declaration of the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in drastic changes to life worldwide. In Spain, the state of alarm caused the confinement of 47 million inhabitants, affecting every aspect of life. This study analyzes the impact of such confinement on the health of men and women, as well as the effect on the practice of physical activity (PA) of both genders. An ad hoc questionnaire was administered. A total of 1046 people (48.57% men and 51.43% women) with an average age of 40 years (SD ± 13.35) participated in this study. For both genders, there was a significant decrease in quantity and intensity (p = 0.000). There was also an alteration in the type of PA practiced, shifting from cardiorespiratory exercise and muscular fitness to flexibility and neuromotor exercise (especially in women). The most popular way of practicing PA during the confinement was “autonomously” (statistically higher in men (M = 3.58) compared to women (M = 3.18)) and the most frequent format was “virtual” (statistically higher in women (M = 2.81) compared to men (M = 1.94)). Confinement modifies the habits of PA practice, especially in men. Both genders put their health and quality of life at risk by not following the PA guidelines of the health authorities World Health Organization (WHO) and American College of Sports Medicine ACSM). These conclusions highlight the importance of considering gender when designing programs and PA formats for the promotion of physical activity to reduce the existing gender divide. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; gender; physical activity; health COVID-19; gender; physical activity; health
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MDPI and ACS Style

García-Tascón, M.; Sahelices-Pinto, C.; Mendaña-Cuervo, C.; Magaz-González, A.M. The Impact of the COVID-19 Confinement on the Habits of PA Practice According to Gender (Male/Female): Spanish Case. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6961. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17196961

AMA Style

García-Tascón M, Sahelices-Pinto C, Mendaña-Cuervo C, Magaz-González AM. The Impact of the COVID-19 Confinement on the Habits of PA Practice According to Gender (Male/Female): Spanish Case. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(19):6961. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17196961

Chicago/Turabian Style

García-Tascón, Marta, César Sahelices-Pinto, Cristina Mendaña-Cuervo, and Ana María Magaz-González. 2020. "The Impact of the COVID-19 Confinement on the Habits of PA Practice According to Gender (Male/Female): Spanish Case" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 19: 6961. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17196961

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