Environmental Stresses and Horticulture Crop Yields

A special issue of Horticulturae (ISSN 2311-7524). This special issue belongs to the section "Biotic and Abiotic Stress".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 May 2024 | Viewed by 1154

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Postgraduate Program in Water and Soil Management, Federal University of the Semiarid, Mossoró 56300-000, Brazil
Interests: fruit cultivation; abiotic stress; passion flower; plant nutrition; soil fertility

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Guest Editor
Department of Agronomic and Forest Science, Federal Rural University of the Semi-Arid—UFERSA, Mossoró 59625-900, Brazil
Interests: salt stress; drought stress; irrigation; water management; wastewater; alkaline soils; horticulture; plant physiology; plant ecophysiology; plant nutrition
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Department of Agronomic and Forest Sciences, Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido, Mossoró 59625-900, Brazil
Interests: plant ecology; plant physiology; ecophysiology; crop production; plant abiotic stress; salt stress
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Climate change and environmental impacts have interfered with food production and the yield of the main horticultural crops. Plants are constantly exposed to extreme environmental conditions, which can cause physiological, biochemical and nutritional disorders that affect, above all, the growth and yield of horticultural species, such as fruit, vegetable, ornamental, medicinal and spice plants. Climate change forecasts and population growth in the coming decades are the main challenges to horticultural production around the world. Therefore, this Special Issue focuses on the theme “effects of environmental stresses (water, salts, nutritional deficiency, pollution, heavy metals, temperature and toxicity) on the morphophysiological, anatomical, biochemical, nutritional aspects and on the yield and quality of horticultural crops”. Strategies that mitigate the damage caused by environmental stress(es) related to nutritional, hormonal and cultivation environment management, as well as the anatomical, physiological and biochemical mechanisms involved with the adaptability and acclimatization of plants and the identification of species and genotypes tolerant to environmental stress with an emphasis on horticultural species, are within the scope of this Special Issue. In this sense, the Special Issue is open to the submission of high-quality studies on the topic “Environmental Stresses and Yields of Horticultural Crops”. Review manuscripts and original research on the topic are accepted for submission to the journal Horticulturae (impact factor 3.1; citescore 2.4).

Prof. Dr. Antônio Gustavo de Luna Souto
Prof. Dr. Francisco Vanies Da Silva Sá
Prof. Dr. João Everthon Da Silva Ribeiro
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Horticulturae is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • abiotic stresses
  • horticulture crops
  • stress mitigation
  • plant physiology
  • soil fertility
  • soil and water management
  • plant breeding
  • stress tolerance
  • multiple stress
  • plant nutrition
  • water stress
  • extremes temperature

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

19 pages, 1868 KiB  
Article
Boosting Resilience and Efficiency of Tomato Fields to Heat Stress Tolerance Using Cytokinin (6-Benzylaminopurine)
by Ahmad A. Suliman, Fathia A. Elkhawaga, Meisam Zargar, Maryam Bayat, Elena Pakina and Mostafa Abdelkader
Horticulturae 2024, 10(2), 170; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae10020170 - 13 Feb 2024
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Abstract
Heat stress is one of the most critical environmental abiotic stresses that can negatively affect plant growth. This article investigates the role of a plant growth promoter (Benzylaminopurine) in tomato fields in regard to its ability to withstand high-temperature conditions resulting from greenhouse [...] Read more.
Heat stress is one of the most critical environmental abiotic stresses that can negatively affect plant growth. This article investigates the role of a plant growth promoter (Benzylaminopurine) in tomato fields in regard to its ability to withstand high-temperature conditions resulting from greenhouse gas emissions and climate changes. Three genetically different tomato cultivars (Castlerock, GS 12-F1, and Fayrouz F1) were sprayed with 2% 6-Benzylaminopurine (BAP) at 300 and 600 ppm; then, growth and yield components, physio-biochemical characteristics, and antioxidant enzyme activities were determined. The results showed that the highest BAP concentration (600 ppm) enhanced the ability of tomato plants to withstand high temperatures and the maximum dose of BAP improved chlorophyll (71.7 spad units) in GS 12 leaves, while the same dose enhanced proline contents (24.91 mg/100g FW), total antioxidants (83.35 µmol Trolox/g dw), total phenolics (20.99 mg/g dw), Superoxide dismutase (33.74 U/g), peroxidase (46.30 U/g), and polyphenol oxidase (64.10 U/g) in Fayrouz F1 leaves. Application BAP on tomatoes moderately improved fruit quality, such as ascorbic acid and maturity degree, while BAP applications reduced TSS and acidity. In this investigation, taste index was not affected by Benzylaminopurine application but by tomato genotype. The highest number of fruits/plant (45.7), fruit yield/plant (3.98 kg), and total yield (103 tons/ha) were obtained from the GS 12 genotype. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Stresses and Horticulture Crop Yields)
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