Special Issue "Geochemical Characterization of Geothermal Systems: Multidisciplinary Approaches to Define Source Processes, Evolution and Environmental Issues"

A special issue of Geosciences (ISSN 2076-3263). This special issue belongs to the section "Geochemistry".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 December 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Giovanni Vespasiano
Guest Editor
Department of Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences (DiBEST), University of Calabria (UNICAL), Via P. Bucci, 15B-87036 Arcavacata di Rende(CS), Italy
Interests: origin and evolution of fluids in geothermal areas; water geochemistry; isotopic geochemistry; environmental geochemistry; geothermobarometry; water-rock interaction; coastal management
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. Massimiliano Vardè
Guest Editor
Institute of Polar Sciences, Italian National Research Council (CNR-ISP), Venice-Mestre, Italy
Interests: water chemistry; atmospheric pollution; environmental analytical chemistry; mercury (Hg); trace and toxic elements
Dr. Carmine Apollaro
Guest Editor
Department of Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences (DiBEST), University of Calabria (UNICAL), Via P. Bucci, 15B-87036 Arcavacata di Rende(CS), Italy
Interests: environmental geochemistry; origin and evolution of fluids in geothermal areas; isotopic geochemistry; water–rock interaction
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The main scope of this Special Issue of Geosciences is the exploration and evaluation of both innovative and long-validated approaches to the geochemical characterization of geothermal areas.

Drilling is the only direct method to access the subsurface features of a given system (and its physical state), but various techniques have been developed to investigate the targeted reservoir before drilling. The most commonly used methods for investigating high, medium and low enthalpy geothermal systems are geological field observations, structural geology, geophysical methods and geochemical characterization of fluids and gases. The latter allows detailed broad-spectrum information to be obtained at a relatively low cost. This is useful for preliminary reconstruction of the geothermal conceptual model and represents the starting point for its efficient exploitation and adequate management.

Specifically, this Special Issue aims to provide an outlet for the dissemination of peer-reviewed studies utilizing multidisciplinary geochemical approaches to study water and gas geochemistry, isotopic compositions, geothermobarometric funtions and both classical and geostatistical elaboration of major and trace constituents (including toxic elements such as Cr, Ni, As, Cd and Hg).

Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, the following areas:

  • Hydrogeochemical characterization: sampling technics of water and gas, new and/or standard analytical methods for trace elements (including mercury and other toxic elements) and elaboration approaches;
  • Mercury biogeochemical survey of geothermal areas in populated and remote sites;
  • Geostatistical analisys;
  • Geothermometric and geobarometric approaches: chemical and isotopic geothermometers and geochemical modelling;
  • Stable and radioactive isotope studies;
  • Environmental issues/impacts (also due to harmful levels of trace elements) linked to geothermal systems exploitation and management;
  • Geochemical modeling;
  • Geothermal source-specific on long and short term air pollution level (gaseous and particulate emission).

Dr. Giovanni Vespasiano
Dr. Massimiliano Vardè
Dr. Carmine Apollaro
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Geosciences is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • geothermal systems
  • hydrogeochemical characterization
  • geostatistical approach
  • stable and radioactive isotopes
  • geothermometric and geobarometric approach
  • major, trace and toxic elements
  • mercury geochemistry
  • residence time of water
  • heavy metal distribution
  • geothermal reservoir volume
  • geothermal exploitation
  • environmental issues in geothermal areas

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
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