Special Issue "Oral Health Disparities Due to Race, Ethnicity, and Class"
A special issue of Dentistry Journal (ISSN 2304-6767).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2018
Race, ethnicity, and class impact the oral health of populations in multiple ways. Although multiple mechanisms are involved, two major hypotheses are “Differential Exposure” and “Differential vulnerability”. According to the differential exposure hypothesis, race, ethnicity, and class impact exposure to a wide range of risk and protective factors that have oral health implications. In this view, distribution of risk and protective factors are not identical across social groups and depend on race and class. According to this hypothesis, differential exposures mediate the racial and class differences in oral health. According to the differential vulnerability hypothesis, however, race, ethnicity, and class alter populations vulnerability and resilience to a certain or a combination of risk/protective factors. Based on this hypothesis, the effects of risk and protective factors are not universal across groups but specific to each social group.
Recent research has shown that race, ethnicity, and class interact on various aspects of health. While class partially explains the effect of race and ethnicity on health, racial and ethnic groups differ in how they can translate their class to health. In this view, the effects of socioeconomic resources are smaller for minority populations compared to the majority group. In the United States, for instance, education, income, and employment may show stronger health effects in Whites than Blacks and Hispanics. This pattern is also called Minorities’ Diminished Return, or Unequal Gain of Equal Resources.
Finally, it is not just race, ethnicity, and class, but their intersections that shape life circumstances, and health needs. In this view, the effects of race, ethnicity, and class are different from algebraic sums of their effects. For instance, in the United States, the experiences of Black men are very different from Black women. Life experiences of Latino population depends on country of origin and nativity status. Same is true for ethnic groups of Blacks.
The Special Issue “Oral Health Disparities Due to Race, Ethnicity, and Class” invites state-of-the-art original and review articles on the above-mentioned topics. Potential papers of interest include: 1) studies testing differential exposure or differential vulnerability; 2) studies testing additive and multiplicative effects; 3) studies that compare countries or locations within countries; 4) studies that report mediators or moderators of disparities; 5) studies on tailored interventions for sub-populations; 6) studies using a national sample, or using longitudinal design; 7) studies using an intersectionality approach; and 8) studies on measurement and methodology issues.
Dr. Shervin Assari
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Dentistry Journal is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 350 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- Racial Disparities
- Economic disparities