Bioclimatic Design of Buildings for the Future Conditions

A special issue of Buildings (ISSN 2075-5309). This special issue belongs to the section "Architectural Design, Urban Science, and Real Estate".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2019) | Viewed by 33721

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Lund University
Interests: Impact assessment of climate change; Energy efficiency in buildings; Urban physics; Infrastructure physics; Energy systems

Special Issue Information

It is challenging to create bioclimatic designs that account for the probable future conditions affected by climate change, extreme climatic events, urbanization and air pollution. It is critical to develop sustainable designs that save energy and money, withstand extreme and uncertain conditions and provide indoor comfort. Enhancing the bioclimatic design of buildings towards a higher integration of digitalization, advanced materials and renewable energy sources can make them more resilient to future conditions.

This Special Issue investigates challenges and opportunities in the design of bioclimatic buildings for the future conditions that human societies will face. There are several concerns, such as climate change and extreme climatic conditions, population and urbanization growth, scarcity of materials and conventional energy sources, and pollution. There might even be a need to adopt not only new design, but also new definitions, standards or guidelines. By drawing on the advances in different fields of science and engineering, it is possible to develop better bioclimatic designs for buildings and make them more sustainable and resilient. Contributions that investigate such challenges and concerns are very welcome to this Special Issue.

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Buildings is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Bioclimatic design
  • sustainability
  • resilience
  • climate change
  • extreme conditions
  • uncertainty
  • built and urban environment
  • pollution
  • urbanization
  • population growth

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

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19 pages, 3630 KiB  
Article
Impacts of Microclimate Conditions on the Energy Performance of Buildings in Urban Areas
by Kavan Javanroodi and Vahid M. Nik
Buildings 2019, 9(8), 189; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings9080189 - 16 Aug 2019
Cited by 47 | Viewed by 9001
Abstract
Urbanization trends have changed the morphology of cities in the past decades. Complex urban areas with wide variations in built density, layout typology, and architectural form have resulted in more complicated microclimate conditions. Microclimate conditions affect the energy performance of buildings and bioclimatic [...] Read more.
Urbanization trends have changed the morphology of cities in the past decades. Complex urban areas with wide variations in built density, layout typology, and architectural form have resulted in more complicated microclimate conditions. Microclimate conditions affect the energy performance of buildings and bioclimatic design strategies as well as a high number of engineering applications. However, commercial energy simulation engines that utilize widely-available mesoscale weather data tend to underestimate these impacts. These weather files, which represent typical weather conditions at a location, are mostly based on long-term metrological observations and fail to consider extreme conditions in their calculation. This paper aims to evaluate the impacts of hourly microclimate data in typical and extreme climate conditions on the energy performance of an office building in two different urban areas. Results showed that the urban morphology can reduce the wind speed by 27% and amplify air temperature by more than 14%. Using microclimate data, the calculated outside surface temperature, operating temperature and total energy demand of buildings were notably different to those obtained using typical regional climate model (RCM)–climate data or available weather files (Typical Meteorological Year or TMY), i.e., by 61%, 7%, and 21%, respectively. The difference in the hourly peak demand during extreme weather conditions was around 13%. The impact of urban density and the final height of buildings on the results are discussed at the end of the paper. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioclimatic Design of Buildings for the Future Conditions)
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12 pages, 5473 KiB  
Article
Research on the Evolution of Building Technology Based on Regional Revitalization
by Jingjing Wu, Hongyang Wei and Li Peng
Buildings 2019, 9(7), 165; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings9070165 - 8 Jul 2019
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 14676
Abstract
With the rapid development of the times, regionalization has become one of the hotspots in the field of architecture. The aim of this paper is to deal with the regionalization of contemporary architecture from the perspective of building technology. This paper systematically and [...] Read more.
With the rapid development of the times, regionalization has become one of the hotspots in the field of architecture. The aim of this paper is to deal with the regionalization of contemporary architecture from the perspective of building technology. This paper systematically and comprehensively evaluates and summarizes the development process of China's building technology, determines the key points of the evolution of building technology, and combines a large number of historical documents and historical remains to analyze the causes of the evolution of building technology, which include the natural environment, science and technology, building system and concept consciousness. Based on this, it analyses buildings in Sichuan from three aspects—building materials, structural system and construction process—and seeks for a reasonable regional development direction of building technology. Analysis results showed that greening, integration and scientific are the evolution path of building technology in the new era. Not only building technology is a necessary means of building realization, but also its influence on the regionalization of architecture should be supplemented and promoted. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioclimatic Design of Buildings for the Future Conditions)
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Review

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24 pages, 1421 KiB  
Review
An Overview of Climate Change and Building Energy: Performance, Responses and Uncertainties
by Hamed Yassaghi and Simi Hoque
Buildings 2019, 9(7), 166; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings9070166 - 8 Jul 2019
Cited by 25 | Viewed by 8730
Abstract
It is becoming increasingly crucial to develop methods and strategies to assess building performance under the changing climate and to yield a more sustainable and resilient design. However, the outputs of climate models have a coarse spatial and temporal resolution and cannot be [...] Read more.
It is becoming increasingly crucial to develop methods and strategies to assess building performance under the changing climate and to yield a more sustainable and resilient design. However, the outputs of climate models have a coarse spatial and temporal resolution and cannot be used directly in building energy simulation tools. This paper reviews methods to develop fine spatial and temporal weather files that incorporate climate emissions scenarios by means of downscaling. An overview of the climate change impact on building energy performance is given, and potential adaptation and mitigation factors in response to the changing climate in the building sector are presented. Also, methods to reflect, propagate, and partition main sources of uncertainties in both weather files and buildings are summarized, and a sample approach to propagate the uncertainties is demonstrated. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioclimatic Design of Buildings for the Future Conditions)
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