Gait and Balance Control in Typical and Special Individuals

A special issue of Biomechanics (ISSN 2673-7078). This special issue belongs to the section "Neuromechanics".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 October 2024 | Viewed by 1197

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Human Motor Systems Laboratory, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-030, Brazil
Interests: body balance control in young, older and neurologic individuals; interlateral asymmetry of behavior

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Research on gait and balance control has evolved rapidly in recent years. By employing biomechanical techniques for scientific investigation, the knowledge related to this subject has been advanced in different relevant aspects. This observation applies not only to typical people but also to several special groups of people of particular interest within this theme, such as older adults, athletes or individuals suffering from Parkinson’s disease, cerebral stroke or cerebral palsy, to mention some examples. For this Special Issue of Neuromechanics, we invite authors to submit, for consideration, original research or review manuscripts involving the theme of “gait and balance control” from a biomechanical perspective. We expect to gather in this Special Issue diverse applied and theoretical advancements pertaining to the theme.

Dr. Luis Augusto Teixeira
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Biomechanics is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • biomechanics
  • motor control
  • balance
  • gait
  • athletes
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • cerebral stroke
  • cerebral palsy
  • aging

Published Papers (1 paper)

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54 pages, 1086 KiB  
Systematic Review
Gait Biomechanical Parameters Related to Falls in the Elderly: A Systematic Review
by Jullyanne Silva, Tiago Atalaia, João Abrantes and Pedro Aleixo
Biomechanics 2024, 4(1), 165-218; https://doi.org/10.3390/biomechanics4010011 - 05 Mar 2024
Viewed by 1046
Abstract
According to the World Health Organization, one-third of elderly people aged 65 or over fall annually, and this number increases after 70. Several gait biomechanical parameters were associated with a history of falls. This study aimed to conduct a systematic review to identify [...] Read more.
According to the World Health Organization, one-third of elderly people aged 65 or over fall annually, and this number increases after 70. Several gait biomechanical parameters were associated with a history of falls. This study aimed to conduct a systematic review to identify and describe the gait biomechanical parameters related to falls in the elderly. MEDLINE Complete, Cochrane, Web of Science, and CINAHL Complete were searched for articles on 22 November 2023, using the following search sentence: (gait) AND (fall*) AND ((elder*) OR (old*) OR (senior*)) AND ((kinematic*) OR (kinetic*) OR (biomechanic*) OR (electromyogram*) OR (emg) OR (motion analysis*) OR (plantar pressure)). This search identified 13,988 studies. From these, 96 were selected. Gait speed, stride/step length, and double support phase are gait biomechanical parameters that differentiate fallers from non-fallers. Fallers also tended to exhibit higher variability in gait biomechanical parameters, namely the minimum foot/toe clearance variability. Although the studies were scarce, differences between fallers and non-fallers were found regarding lower limb muscular activity and joint biomechanics. Due to the scarce literature and contradictory results among studies, it is complex to draw clear conclusions for parameters related to postural stability. Minimum foot/toe clearance, step width, and knee kinematics did not differentiate fallers from non-fallers. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gait and Balance Control in Typical and Special Individuals)
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