Special Issue "Current Technological, Methodological, and Organizational Research Trends in the Construction Industry"

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Civil Engineering".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 March 2023 | Viewed by 5671

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Bożena Hoła
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Faculty of Civil Engineering, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Wroclaw, Poland
Interests: safety and health protection in construction processes; modeling of accidents; phenomenon analysis of the causes of accidents; accident assessment; risks and hazards; construction management; modeling deterministic and probabilistic construction processes; the use of artificial intelligence methods in solving decision problems in construction
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Rapid economic development, which is also noticeable in the construction industry, generates many new scientific problems that must be addressed, e.g., in order to meet the requirements of the modern economy. The avenues of scientific research are not only aimed at the continuous improvement of the technology used to erect new facilities, increasing the level of occupational safety, and reducing construction time and costs, but also at increasing the durability of existing structures from different stylistic periods.

These goals can be achieved by various mean, including the use of modern technologies in construction projects, the automation and robotization of construction processes, the use of modern information technologies, and the development of modern methods of planning, organizing, and managing construction processes. This Special Issue aims to present the latest developments in this area.

We welcome original manuscripts concerning, but not limited to, the following:

  • Modern solutions concerning devices that are used in the construction industry, including the automation and robotization of construction processes, with particular emphasis on the risks and hazards associated with them;
  • Modern technological and organizational solutions in the construction industry, including research methods and ways of securing structures and building objects from different stylistic periods;
  • The latest information technologies addressing the various problems that occur in the investment process;
  • Interdisciplinary research related to occupational safety, including accident modeling, occupational risk assessment, risk management, and occupational safety, as well as the impact of automation and robotization on occupational safety;
  • Applications of virtual reality (VR) technology for research and training purposes;
  • Methods used in forecasting processes, events, and phenomena that may occur in the future in the construction industry.
Prof. Dr. Bożena Hoła
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Applied Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • construction industry
  • automation and robotization of construction processes
  • technological and organizational solutions
  • controlling executive processes
  • investment process
  • occupational safety
  • risks and hazards
  • safety management
  • virtual reality
  • sustainable development
  • management in construction
  • diagnostic of building structures
  • construction waste management

Published Papers (7 papers)

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Research

Article
Asphalt Mixtures and Flexible Pavement Construction Degradation Considering Different Environmental Factors
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(23), 12068; https://doi.org/10.3390/app122312068 - 25 Nov 2022
Viewed by 258
Abstract
Water, frost, and road salt are counted as environmental factors. They affect the pavement structure, particularly during the winter or in regions located above sea level. In the article, a literature review related to water, frost, and road salt impacts was performed. The [...] Read more.
Water, frost, and road salt are counted as environmental factors. They affect the pavement structure, particularly during the winter or in regions located above sea level. In the article, a literature review related to water, frost, and road salt impacts was performed. The main problem of evaluating asphalt mixture degradation and its influence on pavement fatigue life via environmental factors was stated. Four types of asphalt concrete (AC22) road mixes were prepared for laboratory tests. They differed in production technology and the type of binder applied. One binder content level was tested. To investigate the impact of water, frost, and road salt on mineral-asphalt mixtures utilized in flexible constructions, two proprietary experimental methods were applied. Methods allowed for determining the mixtures’ degradation level using the measured stiffness modulus in the 4-PB-PR test. Based on the obtained results, it was found that both interactions cause a significant decrease in the value of the stiffness modulus. In the article, a degradation ratio was proposed. The ratio expressed the impact of water, frost, and road salt on the stiffness mix variability. Its value was considered for pavement fatigue life based on the AASHTO 2004 fatigue criterion. The article demonstrates that the type of binder used influences the mix’s resistance to water, frost, or road salt impact. The highest resistance was reached by a mixture with highly modified asphalt (hot technology), and the worst was with asphalt WMA (warm technology). It has also been proven that the impact of water, frost, or road salt on pavement fatigue life is significant. The drop was significant, amounting to a few dozen percent. It was stated that environmental impacts (such as water, frost, or road salt) should be considered in asphalt mixture and pavement construction design. Full article
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Article
Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of the Causes of Occupational Accidents Related to the Use of Construction Scaffoldings
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(11), 5514; https://doi.org/10.3390/app12115514 - 29 May 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 615
Abstract
This article proposes a methodology for classifying occupational accidents involving scaffolding based on the knowledge of the causes that led to their occurrence. Each occupational accident is caused by several causes belonging to three generic groups (technical, organizational, human) occurring in a different [...] Read more.
This article proposes a methodology for classifying occupational accidents involving scaffolding based on the knowledge of the causes that led to their occurrence. Each occupational accident is caused by several causes belonging to three generic groups (technical, organizational, human) occurring in a different configuration. The aim of this research was to determine the qualitative and quantitative structure of the causes of accidents caused by falling from scaffolding. Significant causes were selected from the set of all the causes identified in the analyzed set of accidents. For this purpose, Pareto–Lorenz analysis and the ABC classification were used. Then, a set of significant causes containing technical, organizational and human causes was created, which was the basis for determining the subsets of accidents caused by similar causes. The hierarchical cluster analysis method, the agglomeration clustering technique and the binding of objects using the Ward method were proposed to determine the number of characteristic clusters. Three subsets of accidents with a similar set of causes were obtained. Information on the quality and number of causes in individual subsets was used to estimate the probability of an accident caused by a given set of causes and to assess occupational risk in construction. Calculations were performed using Statistica software. Full article
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Article
Waste Reduction Methods Used in Construction Companies with Regards to Selected Building Products
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(11), 5387; https://doi.org/10.3390/app12115387 - 26 May 2022
Viewed by 549
Abstract
This article presents research that aims to identify waste reduction methods used in the construction industry in relation to the following materials: steel, concrete, masonry products, finishing products (i.e., ceramic, and stone tiles), and wood and the dependence between the use of these [...] Read more.
This article presents research that aims to identify waste reduction methods used in the construction industry in relation to the following materials: steel, concrete, masonry products, finishing products (i.e., ceramic, and stone tiles), and wood and the dependence between the use of these methods and the size of the construction company. The research is based on surveys conducted amongst construction site managers in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. In the research, 13 methods of reducing construction waste were analyzed using Pearson’s independence test and the SPSS-26 software. Methods of reducing construction waste were identified. The study determined the frequency with which waste reduction methods in each material group were used, depending on the size of the company. Amongst the 13 methods analyzed, the ones which demonstrate a relationship between frequency of methods and size of the company were identified (for all groups of materials): the use of monitoring systems, reuse of materials within the construction, use of prefabricated elements, adequate storage, and engagement of subcontractors. In the case of the other tested methods, no such relationship was found. Full article
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Article
Method of Planning Repairs of the Installation including Building Waste
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(9), 4520; https://doi.org/10.3390/app12094520 - 29 Apr 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 509
Abstract
Repairs of water supply, sewage and central heating installations in residential buildings should be carried out systematically. However, very often, renovation dates are postponed, which results in installation failures. The failures of water supply, sewage and central heating installations, due to the currently [...] Read more.
Repairs of water supply, sewage and central heating installations in residential buildings should be carried out systematically. However, very often, renovation dates are postponed, which results in installation failures. The failures of water supply, sewage and central heating installations, due to the currently used methods of masking them and running them as under-plaster and under-floor installations, are always connected with the damage and necessity of reconstruction of the building elements. As a result, renovation work has to be carried out to a greater extent and the amount of construction waste is much greater. The analysis of different renovation strategies of water supply, sewage and central heating systems in residential buildings made in traditional technology has been carried out. The article presents the results of the research on the effects of the postponement of the renovation works on the changes in the technical condition of the building and on the scope of renovation works. The aim of the research is to develop a method for planning repairs of the installation taking into account optimization of the amount of construction waste. The aim of the research is also to answer the question: To what extent does the postponed repair of water and sewage installations influence the amount of construction waste? In the proposed method, the Prediction of Reliability according to Rayleigh Distribution (PRRD) model is used. The results of the research indicate the necessity of conducting the renovation works of the installation in a timely manner due to the increasing amount of construction waste and the introduced reduction of its amount with the increase of the recycling rate. Full article
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Article
Economic Impact Analysis of the Application of Different Pavement Performance Models on First-Class Roads with Selected Repair Technology
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(21), 10409; https://doi.org/10.3390/app112110409 - 05 Nov 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 617
Abstract
Mathematical expression of the deterioration of individual pavement parameters is, from the point of optimal repair and maintenance strategy decision-making process, an important part of the application of any pavement management system (PMS). The reliability of individual PMS depends on the quality of [...] Read more.
Mathematical expression of the deterioration of individual pavement parameters is, from the point of optimal repair and maintenance strategy decision-making process, an important part of the application of any pavement management system (PMS). The reliability of individual PMS depends on the quality of the inputs and the reliability of its internal sub-systems; thus, deterioration equations derived from high-quality input data play pivotal roles in a system for the prediction of the pavement life cycle. This paper describes the application of pavement performance models within pavement life cycle analysis (LCA) with the use of the integrated system of economic evaluation (ISEH), which is a calculation tool used for first-class roads with a standardized pavement composition of asphalt binders, where changes in operational capability parameters are modeled using individual model simulations. The simulations presented in this paper demonstrate changes in main economic indicators (net present value and internal rate of return) on two different pavement performance models. Both simulations share the same input parameters (traffic intensity, construction intervention, maintenance costs, discount rate) but differ in deterioration evaluation, all of which were applied to each model (a total of five models). Full article
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Article
Effects of Recycled Fine Glass Aggregates on Alkali Silica Reaction and Thermo-Mechanical Behavior of Modified Concrete
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(19), 9045; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11199045 - 28 Sep 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 748
Abstract
The objective of this work is to develop a new composite material by substituting sand with recycled waste glass (RWG). Different volume percentages of RWG varying from 0 to 50% were incorporated into concrete, with maximum size that did not exceed 1.25 mm. [...] Read more.
The objective of this work is to develop a new composite material by substituting sand with recycled waste glass (RWG). Different volume percentages of RWG varying from 0 to 50% were incorporated into concrete, with maximum size that did not exceed 1.25 mm. The microscopic characterization by scanning electron microscopy SEM-EDS and optical microscopic test, as well as the durability against alkali silica reaction (ASR) test, were performed respectively to visualize the morphology and assess the damage caused by ASR. Furthermore, the mechanical and thermophysical properties measurements were carried out. The results of microscopic characterization showed the presence of cracks inside a minority of glass particles due to ASR, and ASR test indicated that expansion activity remained well below the limit expansion value of 0.15%. The obtained results also showed that, at 28 and 90 days of curing, compressive strength increased respectively by up to 1.63% and 29% for 20% of the incorporated RWG volume rate in concrete; however, beyond this rate it diminished receptively by 30% and 3.2%. This improvement with curing age was attributed to pozzolanic reaction. Regarding density, it reduced by around 5%. Furthermore, thermal conductivity and thermal effusivity decreased respectively by 36% and 8.06% at dry state and they dropped respectively by 44% and 21.28% at saturated state, related to reference concrete RC. It is therefore feasible to substitute high amount of natural sand with RWG to obtain new composite that may be successfully used as structural material in construction building. Full article
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Article
Calculation of the Population of Construction Scaffoldings Using Neural Networks
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(17), 8211; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11178211 - 03 Sep 2021
Viewed by 1179
Abstract
Building scaffoldings are temporary structures that are commonly used in the construction industry. A precise determination of the number of building scaffoldings in use is a very complex task. The literature survey showed that there is a lack of scientific studies concerning the [...] Read more.
Building scaffoldings are temporary structures that are commonly used in the construction industry. A precise determination of the number of building scaffoldings in use is a very complex task. The literature survey showed that there is a lack of scientific studies concerning the estimation of the scaffolding population in the construction industry. This observation gave rise to the need to undertake such research, the aim of which was to develop a model of a neural network set which would in turn enable the number of used building scaffoldings to be estimated. In order to carry out such a research task, an original research methodology was developed, which used the results of empirical research that involved the counting of construction scaffoldings used in selected representative areas of the studied regions of Poland (the research was carried out in the period from 2016 to 2018), and also data taken from a publication of the Central Statistical Office on socio-economic indicators that characterize the analyzed regions (data from 2010 to 2018). The main element of the developed methodology is a set of five MLP neural networks, which was used to predict the number of used construction scaffoldings. The analysis of the sensitivity of the quantitative and qualitative variables of the model showed that they have a significant impact on the final result generated by the networks. The obtained results of the research and analyses showed the size of the population of building scaffoldings used in individual regions of Poland, and also the seasonality of their occurrence. The knowledge obtained on this basis can be used, among others, in economic analyses related to the use of construction scaffolding, as well as in the process of managing occupational safety on scaffoldings. The most important scientific aspect of the article concerns the development of an original methodology for estimating the population of building scaffoldings. Full article
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title:
The impact of the learning and forgetting effect on the cost of a multi-unit construction project with the use of the simulated annealing algorithm
 
Abstract:
Solving the problems of scheduling construction projects is currently of interest to many researchers around the world. The repetitive multi-unit projects, which are often found in construction practice, deserve particular attention. They consist of the implementation of many different buildings with similar technology. Cases of such undertakings may occur in residential, infrastructure, industrial or commercial construction branches. The learning and forgetting effect is a phenomenon that allows to describes the increase in the efficiency of construction work groups and thus the decrease in the duration of construction works of one type in many different locations. This has been proved in the works of many researchers. The article presents the application of this phenomenon in a multi-building construction project. Considering the effect of learning and forgetting is a very important element of the actual work schedule. The article presents an optimization model of such a construction project. The search for the optimal schedule, taking into account the assumed constraints and the objective of the project implementation cost, is an NP-hard optimization task. It was solved in the article with the help of the dedicated algorithm using the metaheuristic simulated annealing algorithm. In addition, the article presents a comparative experimental analysis of the proposed method of solving the optimization problem. The algorithms used showed high efficiency in obtaining satisfactory suboptimal solutions. In addition, the operation of the proposed model was presented on the computational example of a multi-unit undertaking taking into account the effect of learning and forgetting. The results obtained in the case study confirmed the effectiveness of the applied method of solving optimization tasks.
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