Topical Collection "Feature Papers for Applied Nano"

Editor

Prof. Dr. Angelo Maria Taglietti
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Chemistry, University of Pavia, I-27100 Pavia, Italy
Interests: antibacterial nanomaterials and surfaces; anisotropic noble metal nanoparticles for functionalization and application to biomedical and sensing problems and use in surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS); theranostic devices; supramolecular chemistry; transition metal complexes
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Topical Collection Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue will contain some of the first, most important papers of Applied Nano.

The scope of this Special Issue is to show how the use of the nanotechnology tool kit offers opportunities and provides solutions to challenges involving a wide range of disciplines.

The goal is to gather a large set of articles, in order to spotlight nanotechnology-based systems applied to the chemical, physical, pharmaceutical, biomedical, and environmental fields. It could include, for example, water sciences, material sciences, cultural heritage, energy storage and conversion, antibacterial applications, green nanochemistry, electronics and photonics, sensing systems, and theranostics.

To enhance the impact of nanotechnology solutions on society, we strongly believe that nano innovations based on reproducible and affordable preparation are needed. We are thus particularly interested in receiving manuscripts reporting original and robust nanomaterials synthetic procedures to be used in original and cutting-edge applications, both in established and emerging fields.

We strongly encourage both Editorial Board Members and young investigators to join this Special Issue, but more generally, we invite researchers and practitioners from all areas of nanotechnology and nanochemistry to submit manuscripts for this fundamental and exciting Special Issue of Applied Nano. We welcome both original research papers and review papers on diverse relevant topics.

Prof. Dr. Angelo Maria Taglietti
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the collection website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Applied Nano is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (17 papers)

2022

Jump to: 2021, 2020

Article
Empirical Studies on Effect of Low-Level Laser Treatment on Glioblastoma Multiforme in Combination with Ag-PMMA-PAA Nanoparticles: Paired Red Region Optical-Property Treatment Platform
Appl. Nano 2022, 3(2), 112-125; https://doi.org/10.3390/applnano3020008 - 13 Jun 2022
Viewed by 251
Abstract
Glioblastoma multiforme is an aggressive, invasive, fatal primary heterogenic brain tumor. New treatments have not significantly improved the dismal survival rate. Low-level laser therapy reports indicate different tumor cells respond distinctly to low-level laser therapy based on laser dose (J/cm2) or [...] Read more.
Glioblastoma multiforme is an aggressive, invasive, fatal primary heterogenic brain tumor. New treatments have not significantly improved the dismal survival rate. Low-level laser therapy reports indicate different tumor cells respond distinctly to low-level laser therapy based on laser dose (J/cm2) or with nanotherapeutics. We investigated the effects of pairing two optical property-driven treatment agents—a low-level laser on glioblastoma multiforme (U251) using an He-Ne laser (632.8 nm) with 18.8 nm spherical Ag-PMMA-PAA nanoparticles, with an absorbance peak at 400 nm with a broad shoulder to 700 nm. The He-Ne treatment parameters were power (14.87 ± 0.3 mW), beam diameter (0.68 cm), and exposure time 5 min leading to a 12.28 J/cm2 dose. A dose of 12.28 J/cm2 was applied to Ag-PMMA-PAA nanoparticle concentrations (110–225 μM). An amount of 110 μM Ag-PMMA-PAA nanoparticles combined with an He-Ne dose at 18 h yielded 23% U251 death compared to He-Ne alone which yielded 8% U251 death. A 225 μM Ag-PMMA-PAA nanoparticle He-Ne combination resulted in an earlier, more significant, U251 death of 38% at 6 h compared to 30% with 225 μM alone at 18 h. Both treatment agents possess inherent physical and functional properties capable of redesign to enhance the observed cell death effects. Our results provide evidence supporting next-step studies to test “the redesign hypothesis” that these paired optical-driven agents provide a tunable platform that can generate significant U251 cell death increase. Full article
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Article
Long-Term Plasmonic Stability of Copper Nanoparticles Produced by Gas-Phase Aggregation Method Followed by UV-Ozone Treatment
Appl. Nano 2022, 3(2), 102-111; https://doi.org/10.3390/applnano3020007 - 03 May 2022
Viewed by 454
Abstract
Coinage metal nanoparticles (NPs) are well-known for the phenomenon of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR), which is widely utilized for enhanced sensing and detection. LSPR stability over time is an important issue for the practical application of nanoparticle matrices. Some metals, and copper [...] Read more.
Coinage metal nanoparticles (NPs) are well-known for the phenomenon of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR), which is widely utilized for enhanced sensing and detection. LSPR stability over time is an important issue for the practical application of nanoparticle matrices. Some metals, and copper among those, are chemically reactive in ambient atmospheric conditions that leads to degradation of plasmonic functionality. This work reports on the formation of Cu NP matrices utilizing magnetron-sputtering gas-phase aggregation, size-selection and soft-landing on a substrate. This method provides monocrystalline NPs with high purity, thus, improving chemical inertness towards ambient gases, for example, oxygen. Additionally, a simple approach of UV-ozone treatment is shown to form an oxide shell protecting the metallic core against reactions with environmental species and stabilizing the plasmonic properties for a period of over 150 days. The suggested methodology is promising to improve the competitiveness of Cu nano-matrices with those of Au and Ag in plasmonic sensing and detection. Full article
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Review
Limits of Detection of Mycotoxins by Laminar Flow Strips: A Review
Appl. Nano 2022, 3(2), 91-101; https://doi.org/10.3390/applnano3020006 - 11 Apr 2022
Viewed by 496
Abstract
Mycotoxins are secondary metabolic products of fungi. They are poisonous, carcinogenic, and mutagenic in nature and pose a serious health threat to both humans and animals, causing severe illnesses and even death. Rapid, simple and low-cost methods of detection of mycotoxins are of [...] Read more.
Mycotoxins are secondary metabolic products of fungi. They are poisonous, carcinogenic, and mutagenic in nature and pose a serious health threat to both humans and animals, causing severe illnesses and even death. Rapid, simple and low-cost methods of detection of mycotoxins are of immense importance and in great demand in the food and beverage industry, as well as in agriculture and environmental monitoring, and, for this purpose, lateral flow immunochromatographic strips (ICSTs) have been widely used in food safety and environmental monitoring. The literature to date describing the development of ICSTs for the detection of different types of mycotoxins using different nanomaterials, nanoparticle size, and replicates was reviewed in an attempt to identify the most important determinants of the limit of detection (LOD). It is found that the particle size and type of materials contribute significantly to determining the LOD. The nanoparticle sizes used in most studies have been in the range 15–45 nm and gold nanoparticle-based ICSTs have been shown to exhibit the lowest LOD. Perspectives for potential future development to reduce the LODs of ICSTs are also discussed. Full article
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Review
Utilization of Optical Tweezer Nanotechnology in Membrane Interaction Studies
Appl. Nano 2022, 3(1), 43-53; https://doi.org/10.3390/applnano3010004 - 07 Feb 2022
Viewed by 836
Abstract
Optical tweezers have been a fixture of microscopic cell manipulation since the 1990s. Arthur Ashkin’s seminal work has led to the advancement of optical tweezers as an effective tool for assay development in the fields of physics and nanotechnology. As an advanced application [...] Read more.
Optical tweezers have been a fixture of microscopic cell manipulation since the 1990s. Arthur Ashkin’s seminal work has led to the advancement of optical tweezers as an effective tool for assay development in the fields of physics and nanotechnology. As an advanced application of cell manipulation, optical tweezers have facilitated the study of a multitude of cellular and molecular interactions within the greater field of nanotechnology. In the three decades since the optical tweezers’ rise to prominence, different and versatile assays have emerged that further explore the biochemical pathways integral for cell proliferation and communication. The most critical organelle implicated in the communication and protection of single cells includes the plasma membrane. In the past three decades, novel assays have emerged which examine the plasma membrane’s role in cell-to-cell interaction and the specific protein components that serve integral membrane functions for the cell as a whole. To further understand the extent to which optical tweezers have evolved as a critical tool for cellular membrane assessment within the field of nanotechnology, the various novel assays, including pulling, indentation, and stretching assays, will be reviewed in the current research sector. Full article
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2021

Jump to: 2022, 2020

Article
Characterization of Organic Molecules Grafted to Silica or Bismuth Nanoparticles by NMR
Appl. Nano 2021, 2(4), 330-343; https://doi.org/10.3390/applnano2040024 - 04 Nov 2021
Viewed by 1059
Abstract
NMR is a powerful characterization tool and we propose to study the surface of silica or bismuth nanoparticles dedicated to medical applications in order to evidence the covalent grafting of organic molecules on their surface. For that aim, DOSY experiments are particularly useful [...] Read more.
NMR is a powerful characterization tool and we propose to study the surface of silica or bismuth nanoparticles dedicated to medical applications in order to evidence the covalent grafting of organic molecules on their surface. For that aim, DOSY experiments are particularly useful and allow for the discrimination of molecules interacting strongly with the nanoparticle surface from molecules simply weakly adsorbed at the surface. We were able to characterize thoroughly the surface of different silica and bismuth nanoparticles. Full article
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Article
Platinum Deposited Nitrogen-Doped Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanofibers as Methanol Tolerant Catalyst for Oxygen Reduction Reaction with Improved Durability
Appl. Nano 2021, 2(4), 303-318; https://doi.org/10.3390/applnano2040022 - 17 Oct 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1041
Abstract
Nitrogen doping in carbon materials can modify the employed carbon material’s electronic and structural properties, which helps in creating a stronger metal-support interaction. In this study, the role of nitrogen doping in improving the durability of Pt catalysts supported on a three-dimensional vertically [...] Read more.
Nitrogen doping in carbon materials can modify the employed carbon material’s electronic and structural properties, which helps in creating a stronger metal-support interaction. In this study, the role of nitrogen doping in improving the durability of Pt catalysts supported on a three-dimensional vertically aligned carbon nanofiber (VACNF) array towards oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) was explored. The nitrogen moieties present in the N-VACNF enhanced the metal-support interaction and contributed to a reduction in the Pt particle size from 3.1 nm to 2.3 nm. The Pt/N-VACNF catalyst showed better durability when compared to Pt/VACNF and Pt/C catalysts with similar Pt loading. DFT calculations validated the increase in the durability of the Pt NPs with an increase in pyridinic N and corroborated the molecular ORR pathway for Pt/N-VACNF. Moreover, the Pt/N-VACNF catalyst was found to have excellent tolerance towards methanol crossover. Full article
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Article
Mechanical Performance Enhancement of Aluminum Single-Lap Adhesive Joints Due to Organized Alumina Nanotubes Layer Formation on the Aluminum Adherends
Appl. Nano 2021, 2(3), 206-221; https://doi.org/10.3390/applnano2030015 - 03 Aug 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1069
Abstract
The present investigation aims to take a step forward for the transfer of a simple laboratory electrochemical method of surface nano-treatment of aluminum to industrial applications. The electrochemical method has been applied to process 1050A aluminum. Surface nano-structuring has been achieved and resulted [...] Read more.
The present investigation aims to take a step forward for the transfer of a simple laboratory electrochemical method of surface nano-treatment of aluminum to industrial applications. The electrochemical method has been applied to process 1050A aluminum. Surface nano-structuring has been achieved and resulted in the formation of an organized alumina nanotubes layer on commercial aluminum plates used as adherends for the manufacturing of aluminum single-lap adhesive joints. The mechanical properties of single-lap aluminum adhesive joints constructed with both non-anodized and anodized adherends were investigated and compared. Two types of epoxy resins were used to prove that the anodization of the adherends is equally effective, independently of the adhesives’ type. Furthermore, three overlap lengths were used (7, 10, and 25 mm) to study the effect of the overlap length on the overall joint mechanical response. Results of both three-point bending and tensile–shear testing showed that there is a considerable improvement of the joints’ mechanical performance with the addition of the nanostructures, for all the overlap lengths. It was found that the anodization method greatly contributes to the strengthening of the joints, leading to a strength increase of up to 176% and 148% for the shear and three-point bending strength, respectively. Full article
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Article
Transfer of Cobalt Nanoparticles in a Simplified Food Web: From Algae to Zooplankton to Fish
Appl. Nano 2021, 2(3), 184-205; https://doi.org/10.3390/applnano2030014 - 22 Jul 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1448
Abstract
Cobalt (Co) nanoparticles (NPs) may be diffusely dispersed into natural ecosystems from various anthropogenic sources such as traffic settings and eventually end up in aquatic systems. As environmentally dispersed Co NPs may be transferred through an aquatic food web, this study investigated this [...] Read more.
Cobalt (Co) nanoparticles (NPs) may be diffusely dispersed into natural ecosystems from various anthropogenic sources such as traffic settings and eventually end up in aquatic systems. As environmentally dispersed Co NPs may be transferred through an aquatic food web, this study investigated this transfer from algae (Scendesmus sp.) to zooplankton (Daphnia magna) to fish (Crucian carp, Carassius carassius). Effects of interactions between naturally excreted biomolecules from D. magna and Co NPs were investigated from an environmental fate perspective. ATR-FTIR measurements showed the adsorption of both algae constituents and excreted biomolecules onto the Co NPs. Less than 5% of the Co NPs formed heteroagglomerates with algae, partly an effect of both agglomeration and settling of the Co NPs. The presence of excreted biomolecules in the solution did not affect the extent of heteroagglomeration. Despite the low extent of heteroagglomeration between Co NPs and algae, the Co NPs were transferred to the next trophic level (D. magna). The Co uptake in D. magna was 300 times larger than the control samples (without Co NP), which were not influenced by the addition of excreted biomolecules to the solution. Significant uptake of Co was observed in the intestine of the fish feeding on D. magna containing Co NPs. No bioaccumulation of Co was observed in the fish. Moreover, 10–20% of the transferred Co NP mass was dissolved after 24 h in the simulated gut solution of the zooplankton (pH 7), and 50–60% was dissolved in the simulated gut solution of the fish (pH 4). The results elucidate that Co NPs gain different properties upon trophic transfer in the food web. Risk assessments should hence be conducted on transformed and weathered NPs rather than on pristine particles. Full article
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Review
Non-Linear Thermoelectric Devices with Surface-Disordered Nanowires
Appl. Nano 2021, 2(3), 162-183; https://doi.org/10.3390/applnano2030013 - 12 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1501
Abstract
We reviewed some recent ideas to improve the efficiency and power output of thermoelectric nano-devices. We focused on two essentially independent aspects: (i) increasing the charge current by taking advantage of an interplay between the material and the thermodynamic parameters, which is only [...] Read more.
We reviewed some recent ideas to improve the efficiency and power output of thermoelectric nano-devices. We focused on two essentially independent aspects: (i) increasing the charge current by taking advantage of an interplay between the material and the thermodynamic parameters, which is only available in the non-linear regime; and (ii) decreasing the heat current by using nanowires with surface disorder, which helps excite localized phonons at random positions that can strongly scatter the propagating phonons carrying the thermal current. Full article
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Article
Hybrid ZnO/MoS2 Core/Sheath Heterostructures for Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting
Appl. Nano 2021, 2(3), 148-161; https://doi.org/10.3390/applnano2030012 - 07 Jul 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1320
Abstract
The rational synthesis of semiconducting materials with enhanced photoelectrocatalytic efficiency under visible light illumination is a long-standing issue. ZnO has been systematically explored in this field, as it offers the feasibility to grow a wide range of nanocrystal morphology; however, its wide band [...] Read more.
The rational synthesis of semiconducting materials with enhanced photoelectrocatalytic efficiency under visible light illumination is a long-standing issue. ZnO has been systematically explored in this field, as it offers the feasibility to grow a wide range of nanocrystal morphology; however, its wide band gap precludes visible light absorption. We report on a novel method for the controlled growth of semiconductor heterostructures and, in particular, core/sheath ZnO/MoS2 nanowire arrays and the evaluation of their photoelectrochemical efficiency in oxygen evolution reaction. ZnO nanowire arrays, with a narrow distribution of nanowire diameters, were grown on FTO substrates by chemical bath deposition. Layers of Mo metal at various thicknesses were sputtered on the nanowire surface, and the Mo layers were sulfurized at low temperature, providing in a controlled way few layers of MoS2, in the range from one to three monolayers. The heterostructures were characterized by electron microscopy (SEM, TEM) and spectroscopy (XPS, Raman, PL). The photoelectrochemical properties of the heterostructures were found to depend on the thickness of the pre-deposited Mo film, exhibiting maximum efficiency for moderate values of Mo film thickness. Long-term stability, in relation to similar heterostructures in the literature, has been observed. Full article
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Article
Interactions and Binding Energies in Carbon Nanotube Bundles
Appl. Nano 2021, 2(2), 128-147; https://doi.org/10.3390/applnano2020011 - 10 Jun 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1219
Abstract
On any size scale, it is important to know how strongly structural components are held together. The purpose of this work was to develop a means to estimate the collective binding energy holding together a bundle of aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Carbon nanotubes [...] Read more.
On any size scale, it is important to know how strongly structural components are held together. The purpose of this work was to develop a means to estimate the collective binding energy holding together a bundle of aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Carbon nanotubes in isolation and in bundles have unique and useful properties and applications within supramolecular structures and nanotechnology. Equations were derived to represent the total number of pairwise interactions between the CNTs found in various size and shape bundles. The shapes considered included diamond, hexagon, parallelogram, and rectangle. Parameters were used to characterize the size of a bundle for each defined shape. Force field molecular modeling was used to obtain the total bundle binding energies for a number of sample bundles. From the number of interactions per bundle, the binding energy per interaction was determined. This process was repeated for armchair CNTs having a range of length and circumference values. A simple equation described the interaction energy based on the length and circumference of the component armchair type nanotubes. When combined with the bundle shape and size parameters, the total bundle binding energy could be found. Comparison with whole bundle molecular mechanics calculations showed our formula-based approach to be effective. Full article
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Review
Applied Nanotechnologies in Anticoagulant Therapy: From Anticoagulants to Coagulation Test Performance of Drug Delivery Systems
Appl. Nano 2021, 2(2), 98-117; https://doi.org/10.3390/applnano2020009 - 01 May 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1343
Abstract
Heparin-based delivery systems have been explored to improve their therapeutic efficacy and to reduce toxicity for different administration routes. Regardless of the applied drug delivery system (DDS), the evaluation of anticoagulant performance is instrumental for the development of a suitable DDS. The understanding [...] Read more.
Heparin-based delivery systems have been explored to improve their therapeutic efficacy and to reduce toxicity for different administration routes. Regardless of the applied drug delivery system (DDS), the evaluation of anticoagulant performance is instrumental for the development of a suitable DDS. The understanding of the range of anticoagulant assays, together with their key applications and limitations, is essential both within the context of scientific research and for clinical usage. This review provides an overview of the current anticoagulant therapy and discusses the advantages and limitations of currently available anticoagulant assays. We also discuss studies involving low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH)-based nanocarriers with emphasis on their anticoagulation performance. Conventional anticoagulants have been used for decades for the treatment of many diseases. Direct oral anticoagulants have overcome some limitations of heparins and vitamin K antagonists. However, the lack of an accurate laboratory assessment, as well as the lack of a factor “xaban” (Xa) inhibitor reversal agent, remains a major problem associated with these anticoagulants. LMWHs represent anticoagulant agents with noteworthy efficacy and safety, and they have been explored to improve their outcomes with various nanocarriers through several administration routes. The main problems related to LMWHs have been surmounted, and improved efficiency may be achieved through the use of DDSs. Full article
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Review
Prussian Blue and Its Analogs as Novel Nanostructured Antibacterial Materials
Appl. Nano 2021, 2(2), 85-97; https://doi.org/10.3390/applnano2020008 - 28 Apr 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1672
Abstract
Prussian blue is an ancient artificial pigment. Its biocompatibility and the possibility of synthesizing it in nanometric size stimulated the interest of the scientific community. Many uses of Prussian blue nanoparticles have been reported in the field of nanomedicine. More recently, interest into [...] Read more.
Prussian blue is an ancient artificial pigment. Its biocompatibility and the possibility of synthesizing it in nanometric size stimulated the interest of the scientific community. Many uses of Prussian blue nanoparticles have been reported in the field of nanomedicine. More recently, interest into the potential application of Prussian blue nanoparticles as antibacterial agents has spread. Literature regarding Prussian blue and its analogs as antibacterial materials is still limited, but the number of papers has grown quickly over the last 2–3 years. Full article
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Article
Removal of Cyanotoxins–Microcystins from Water by Filtration through Granulated Composites of Bentonite with Micelles of the Cation Octadecyltrimethyl Ammonium (ODTMA)
Appl. Nano 2021, 2(1), 67-81; https://doi.org/10.3390/applnano2010006 - 10 Mar 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1816
Abstract
Cyanobacteria and their toxins present potential hazards to consumers of water from lakes, reservoirs and rivers; thus, their removal via water treatment is essential. Previously, we demonstrated that nanocomposites of octadecyltrimethyl ammonium (ODTMA) complexed with clay could efficiently remove cyanobacteria and their toxins [...] Read more.
Cyanobacteria and their toxins present potential hazards to consumers of water from lakes, reservoirs and rivers; thus, their removal via water treatment is essential. Previously, we demonstrated that nanocomposites of octadecyltrimethyl ammonium (ODTMA) complexed with clay could efficiently remove cyanobacteria and their toxins from laboratory cultures and lake water. In this study, we determined the capacity of ODTMA nanocomposites to remove cyanotoxins, namely microcystins (MCs), from water to below 1 µg/L via filtration. This capacity was 1500 mg MC-LR per Kg of nanocomposite. Similar capacities were estimated for the removal of other MC congeners (MC-WR, MC-3aspWR and MC-YR), whereas substantially lower capacities were recorded for more positively charged MC congeners, such as MC-RR and MC-3aspRR. Filtration results were simulated with a filtration model, which considers convection and adsorption/desorption of one to several toxins. Model calculations for the removal of MC-LR, under a variety of situations, fitted well with all the experimentally measured values and also estimated the co-removal of several MC congeners. In agreement with model predictions, results demonstrated that in the presence of MC-WR, the emerging concentrations of MC-RR congeners eventually exceed their solution values. In conclusion, granulated nanocomposites of ODTMA–bentonite can be applied for the removal of microcystins from drinking water. Full article
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Article
RF Sputter-Deposited Nanostructured CuO Films for Micro-Supercapacitors
Appl. Nano 2021, 2(1), 46-66; https://doi.org/10.3390/applnano2010005 - 25 Feb 2021
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 1497
Abstract
Copper oxide is considered as an alternative electrode material for supercapacitors due to its low cost, chemical stability and high theoretical specific capacitance. In the present work, nanostructured copper oxide (CuO) films are prepared by radio-frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering, and the influence of [...] Read more.
Copper oxide is considered as an alternative electrode material for supercapacitors due to its low cost, chemical stability and high theoretical specific capacitance. In the present work, nanostructured copper oxide (CuO) films are prepared by radio-frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering, and the influence of the substrate temperature on the microstructure and supercapacitive properties was studied. The copper oxide films prepared at 350 °C exhibit a predominant (1¯11) orientation corresponding to the monoclinic Cu(II)O phase with a crystallite size of 24 nm. The surface of the film consists of uniformly distributed oval-like grains providing a high surface roughness of 45 nm. The films exhibit an optical bandgap of 1.68 ± 0.01 eV and an electrical conductivity of 0.4 S cm−1 at room temperature. The as-prepared CuO films deliver a discharge specific capacitance of 387 mF cm−2 (375 F g−1) at a current density of 1 mA cm−2 with excellent cyclic capacitance retention of 95% (367 mF cm−2) even after 1000 cycles. Hence, these films are potential electrodes for micro-supercapacitors. Full article
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Article
Extending the Shelf Life of Strawberries by the Sonochemical Coating of their Surface with Nanoparticles of an Edible Anti-Bacterial Compound
Appl. Nano 2021, 2(1), 14-24; https://doi.org/10.3390/applnano2010002 - 04 Jan 2021
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 1384
Abstract
The current paper presents the coating of harvested strawberries with edible nanoparticles of Chitosan. The NPs were formed by the application of ultrasonic waves on an acidic solution of chitosan. In a one-step process the nanoparticles were created and subsequent to their formation [...] Read more.
The current paper presents the coating of harvested strawberries with edible nanoparticles of Chitosan. The NPs were formed by the application of ultrasonic waves on an acidic solution of chitosan. In a one-step process the nanoparticles were created and subsequent to their formation they were deposited on the strawberries surface. The shelf life of the NPs coated was compared with the deposition of the same amount of non-sonicated chitosan, i.e., coating of individual chitosan molecules on the fruit. The characterization of the coated fruits was carried out by monitoring the weight loss. TSS (total soluble solids), pH, TA (titratable acidity), and Vitamin C. Finally, the freshness of the strawberries was determined by eye observation. In addition, the characterization of the chitosan NPs was also conducted in this study by (DLS) dynamic light scattering and (SEM) scanning electron microscopy. Full article
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2020

Jump to: 2022, 2021

Article
Palladium-Nanoparticles Biohybrids in Applied Chemistry
Appl. Nano 2021, 2(1), 1-13; https://doi.org/10.3390/applnano2010001 - 29 Dec 2020
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 1361
Abstract
Applied nanotechnology has experienced tremendous advance over the last decade. In this study, the efficient synthesis of highly stable palladium-nanoparticles (PdNPs) biohybrids based on the application of an enzyme, which induces in situ the generation of spherical nanoparticles on the protein network, has [...] Read more.
Applied nanotechnology has experienced tremendous advance over the last decade. In this study, the efficient synthesis of highly stable palladium-nanoparticles (PdNPs) biohybrids based on the application of an enzyme, which induces in situ the generation of spherical nanoparticles on the protein network, has been described. A heterogeneous material was synthesized formed with PdNPs with average sizes between 1.5 to 5 nm. These Pd nanocatalysts were successfully applied in different chemical processes: C-C bonding reactions (Suzuki and Heck reactions) and cascade processes combining enzymatic and metallic activities (hydrolysis-reduction, esterification-racemization). Full article
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