Special Issue "Integrated Pest and Disease Management of Mushrooms and Vegetable Crops"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 August 2021.
2. Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3RB, UK
Interests: mushroom cultivation; mushroom pathology; pest management; fungal biology; composting; mycology; biocontrol; fungal ecology
Globalization and rising competition position innovation as a key tool to increase productivity and minimize losses provoked by the action of biotic disorders caused by pests (flies, nematodes or mites) and diseases (fungi, bacteria or viruses) in agricultural crops.
In this respect, it is accurate to deliver tailored solutions to resolve the technical and commercial barriers and promote more sustainable production by implementing cutting-edge techniques to improve and to generate novel integrated pest and disease management programs.
This Special Issue will offer comprehensive coverage of the general principles and advances to fight pests and diseases in mushrooms and horticultural crops of commercial relevance. We kindly invite authors to submit a review article, an original research article, or a short communication on topics related to the incidence, identification and pathogenicity of novel agricultural pests, diseases and mechanisms of parasitic action, including molecular tools, pest and disease ecology and measurements of control, monitoring the impact of pest and disease resistance to classic pesticides, and the implementation of integrated pest and disease management programs with the inclusion of biocontrol strategies, in addition to breeding programs for new crop varieties resistant to targeted diseases and pests.
As Guest Editors, we look forward to reviewing your relevant contributions to this Special Issue.
Dr. Jaime Carrasco
Dr. Francisco J. Gea
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Agronomy is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- plant pathology
- mushroom pathology
- plant protection
- parasitic action
- fungal diseases
- bacterial diseases
- viral diseases
- incidence and impact
- emerging diseases and pests
- pest and disease ecology
- pesticide resistance
- integrated pest and disease management
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Title: Evaluation of hand-washing and hand sanitiser performance at eliminating Lecanicillium fungicola conidia, a pathogen causing dry bubble disease on mushroom farms.
Authors: Brian McGuinness; Elodie Baqué; Helen M. Grogan
Affiliation: Horticulture Development Department, Teagasc Food Research Centre, Ashtown, Dublin 15, DK15 KN3K, Ireland; École Nationale Supérieure d’Agronomie et des Industries Alimentaires; Avenue de la Forét de Haye, BP 172 – F-54505, Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy cedex, France.
Abstract: Hand-washing with two liquid soaps and hand-disinfection with two alcohol-based-hand-sanitisers (ABHSs) were evaluated for their ability to prevent transmission of viable conidia of mushroom pathogen Lecanicillium fungicola from a contaminated finger. Viable conidia were present after 100 fingerprint impressions with both soaps, after 10, 20 and 30 seconds of hand-washing time. ABHS 1 reduced viable L. fungicola colonies from fingerprints to <100, <10 and < 1 on average after 10, 20 and 30 s hand-rubbing time. An invitro test determined the Log10 reduction after 1 min contact time was £ 0.15 for the soaps and > 4.5 for the ABHSs.
Title: Reclamation of Rhizobacteria Isolated in The Central Highland of Vietnam as Potential Biocontrol Agents of Robusta Coffee Nematodes and Bio-fertilizer
Authors: Van Bon Nguyen1,2, Thi Hanh Nguyen3, Dai Nam Nguyen3, Anh Dzung Nguyen2, Thi Huyen Nguyen2, Van Anh Ngo2, Chien Thang Doan3, Thi Ngoc Tran3, Van Chung Do4, and San-Lang Wang5,6,*
Affiliation: 1 Institute of Research and Development, Duy Tan University, Danang 550000, Vietnam; [email protected] (V.B.N.) 2 Institute of Biotechnology and Environment, Tay Nguyen University, Buon Ma Thuot 630000, Vietnam; [email protected] (A.D.N); [email protected] (T.-H.N); [email protected] (V.A.N) 3 Department of Science and Technology, Tay Nguyen University, Buon Ma Thuot 630000, Vietnam; [email protected] (T.H.N); [email protected] (D.N.N); [email protected] (C.T.D); [email protected] (T.P.H.T) 4 Division of Agro-Forestry System, Western Highlands Agriculture and Forestry ScientificInstitute, Buon Ma Thuot 630000, Vietnam; [email protected] (V.C.D) 5 Department of Chemistry, Tamkang University, New Taipei City 25137, Taiwan; [email protected] (S.-L.W) 6 Life Science Development Center, Tamkang University, New Taipei City 25137, Taiwan
Abstract: Robusta coffee is a major crop in the Central Highland of Vietnam with high economic and export value. However, this crop has been affected by various pathogens including nematodes. The aim of this work is to screen the active anti-nematodes rhizobacterial strains for stainable coffee pro-duction. Among more than 200 isolates, 3 strains demonstrated potency in biocontrol of coffee Nematodes with approximate 100% mortality. These strains were identified based on sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene. In greenhouse tests, the strain TUN03 signifi-cantly reduced coffee nematodes in the rhizome-soil with inhibition values of 83.23% and show-ing plant promoting effects. Notably, this bacterium was found as a novel coffee anti-nematodes strain. In addition, TUN03 strain was found secreting plant promotion enhancers such as IAA, pyocyanin, and some enzymes related to anti-nematodes activity as well as its phos-phate-solubilizing and nitrogen-fixing. The result in this study suggested that TUN03 strain is po-tentially used as an effective anti-nematodes agent and bio-fertilizer with multi beneficial func-tions for stainable robusta coffee production and other crops.
Title: The microflora of maize grains as a biological barrier against the late wilt causal agent - Magnaporthiopsis maydis
Authors: Ofir Degani1,2,*, Shlomit Dor1,2 and Danielle Regev1,2
Affiliation: 1 MIGAL – Galilee Research Institute, 2 Tarshish St., Kiryat Shmona 11016, Israel; [email protected] (SD); [email protected] (D.R.) 2 Faculty of Sciences, Tel-Hai College, Upper Galilee, Tel-Hai 12210, Israel
Abstract: The maize pathogen Magnaporthiopsis maydis causes severe damage to commercial fields in the late stages of growth (near harvest time). This late wilt disease has spread since its discovery (the 1980s) and is now common in most corn-growing areas in Israel. In some fields and sensitive plant species, the disease can affect 100% of the plants. The pathogen M. maydis has an endo-phytic hidden lifecycle (developed inside the plants with no visible symptoms) in resistant corn plants and secondary hosts such as green foxtail and cotton. As such, it may also be an opportun-ist and attack the host in exceptional cases when conditions encourage it. This work aims at stud-ying the pathogen’s interactions with the maize endophytes (which may play a part in the plant’s resistance factors). For this purpose, 78 fungal and bacteria endophytes were isolated from 15 sweet corn cultivars with varying susceptibility to the late wilt disease. Of these, eight endophytes (six species of fungi and two species of bacteria) were selected based on their ability to repress the pathogen in a plate confrontation test. The selected isolates were applied in seed inoculation and tested in pots in a growth room with the Prelude maize cultivar (a late wilt-sensitive maize hy-brid) infected with the M. maydis pathogen. After 42 days, four of the endophytes significantly (P < 0.05) improved the infected plants’ growth indices. The most beneficial endophytes in protecting the plants against the pathogen were the fungi Trichoderma asperellum and Chaetomium sp. The fungal species T. asperellum and Penicillium citrinum, and the bacteria Bacillus subtilis treatments reduced the amount of M. maydis DNA in the host plant’s roots. Studying the maize endophytes’ role in restricting the invasion and devastating impact of M. maydis is an essential initial step to-wards developing new measures to control the disease. Such an environmentally-friendly control interface will be based on strengthening the plants’ microbiome.
Title: Attempts to minimize the occurrence of a new emergent pathogen (Syzygites megalocarpus) on Agaricus bisporus cultivation system
Authors: Fabricio Rocha Vieira1, John Gilmer De Soto2, John Andrew Pecchia1, David Beyer1
Affiliation: 1 The Pennsylvania State University, Department of Plant Pathology and Environmental Microbiology. 2 University of Georgia, Department of Natural Sciences
Abstract: Agaricus bisporus is the most cultivated mushroom in western countries and greatly contributes to the economics of the horticultural sector of these regions. Like most of the horticultural systems, A. bisporus cultivation is susceptible to harmful microorganisms, i.e., ‘pathogens’, which cause losses in yield, quality, and profitability. The current report brings to the attention a new disease named ‘web mold’ which is caused by Syzygites megalocarpus, a filamentous fungus that belongs to a monotypic genus in the Mucoromycota. Their detection on A. bisporus farms in the United States has been increasing since its first appearance in 2011 become a concern for the industry and for the research community. With limited information about the biology and epidemiology of the new pathogen due to the lack of available literature information, we set up a series of in vitro and in vivo trials to evaluates some of the current pest management practices used by the A. bisporus industry including heating treatment, fungicides, and disinfectants. Heating exposure showed that spores of S. megalocarpus can be inactivated with lower temperatures comparing with other pathogens, e.g., green mold disease caused by Trichoderma aggressivum. Temperatures between 35-40°C were able to inactivate spore germination in vitro. Among the fungicides registered for use in A. bisporus crops, chlorothalonil appears to minimize mycelial growth in vitro. For disinfectants, phenol-based products showed an inhibitory effect against spores’ germination in vitro tests. In vivo trials showed that brown strains of A. bisporus are more susceptible to S. megalocarpus than white-off strains. We hope that the results highlighted in the current work will provide some guidance for the farms in controlling this pathogen as well as to the research community looking further for improvements in controlling the web mold disease.