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Article

Influence of Anatomical Parameters on the Dimensions of the Subantral Space and Sinus Mucosa Thickening after Sinus Floor Elevation. A Retrospective Cone Beam Computed Tomography Study

1
Department of Oral Implantology, Osaka Dental University, Osaka 573-1144, Japan
2
Department of Applied Prosthodontics, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki 852-8102, Japan
3
ARDEC Foundation, 130001 Cartagena de Indias, Colombia
4
Department of Oral Biology, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria
5
ARDEC Academy, 47923 Rimini, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Norbert Cionca
Dent. J. 2021, 9(7), 76; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj9070076
Received: 9 May 2021 / Revised: 8 June 2021 / Accepted: 23 June 2021 / Published: 24 June 2021
Background: Various anatomical parameters might influence the surgical approach for maxillary sinus floor elevation. The objective of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate the influence of anatomical parameters on the dimensions of the subantral space and of the sinus mucosa thickening after sinus floor elevation. Material and Methods: Seventy-eight maxillary sinuses in sixty-five patients were evaluated on cone beam computed tomographies taken before surgery and after one week (t1w) and nine months (t9m). Several parameters such as the distance XF between an axis parallel to the base of the nose (X-axes) and the sinus floor (F) were correlated with the height gain (IF) at t1w and t9m and the post-surgical edema. Results: A weak significant positive correlation was observed between height gain vs. sinus height of interest (XF), the balcony, and the sinus floor angle. The post-surgical edema was influenced by the initial mucosa thickness and the xenograft used. Conclusions: Various parameters might affect height gain and sinus mucosa thickening after sinus floor elevation. The height of interest, the balcony, and the sinus floor angle showed significant correlations with height gain. The initial thickness of the mucosa and the biomaterial used influenced the post-surgical edema. View Full-Text
Keywords: antrostomy size; biomaterial; cone-beam tomography; maxillary sinus; palatal–nasal recess; posterior superior alveolar artery; sinus augmentation; sinus height; sinus septa; xenograft antrostomy size; biomaterial; cone-beam tomography; maxillary sinus; palatal–nasal recess; posterior superior alveolar artery; sinus augmentation; sinus height; sinus septa; xenograft
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MDPI and ACS Style

Omori, Y.; Nakajima, Y.; Imai, H.; Yonezawa, D.; Ferri, M.; Apaza Alccayhuaman, K.A.; Botticelli, D. Influence of Anatomical Parameters on the Dimensions of the Subantral Space and Sinus Mucosa Thickening after Sinus Floor Elevation. A Retrospective Cone Beam Computed Tomography Study. Dent. J. 2021, 9, 76. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj9070076

AMA Style

Omori Y, Nakajima Y, Imai H, Yonezawa D, Ferri M, Apaza Alccayhuaman KA, Botticelli D. Influence of Anatomical Parameters on the Dimensions of the Subantral Space and Sinus Mucosa Thickening after Sinus Floor Elevation. A Retrospective Cone Beam Computed Tomography Study. Dentistry Journal. 2021; 9(7):76. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj9070076

Chicago/Turabian Style

Omori, Yuki, Yasushi Nakajima, Hideki Imai, Daichi Yonezawa, Mauro Ferri, Karol Alí Apaza Alccayhuaman, and Daniele Botticelli. 2021. "Influence of Anatomical Parameters on the Dimensions of the Subantral Space and Sinus Mucosa Thickening after Sinus Floor Elevation. A Retrospective Cone Beam Computed Tomography Study" Dentistry Journal 9, no. 7: 76. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj9070076

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