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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(2), 58; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7020058

Interpreting the Fuzzy Semantics of Natural-Language Spatial Relation Terms with the Fuzzy Random Forest Algorithm

1
Institute of Remote Sensing and GIS, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
2
Department of Geography, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117570, Singapore
3
Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment of Ministry of Education, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
4
Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 January 2018 / Revised: 30 January 2018 / Accepted: 1 February 2018 / Published: 7 February 2018
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Abstract

Naïve Geography, intelligent geographical information systems (GIS), and spatial data mining especially from social media all rely on natural-language spatial relations (NLSR) terms to incorporate commonsense spatial knowledge into conventional GIS and to enhance the semantic interoperability of spatial information in social media data. Yet, the inherent fuzziness of NLSR terms makes them challenging to interpret. This study proposes to interpret the fuzzy semantics of NLSR terms using the fuzzy random forest (FRF) algorithm. Based on a large number of fuzzy samples acquired by transforming a set of crisp samples with the random forest algorithm, two FRF models with different membership assembling strategies are trained to obtain the fuzzy interpretation of three line-region geometric representations using 69 NLSR terms. Experimental results demonstrate that the two FRF models achieve good accuracy in interpreting line-region geometric representations using fuzzy NLSR terms. In addition, fuzzy classification of FRF can interpret the fuzzy semantics of NLSR terms more fully than their crisp counterparts. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural-language spatial relations; topological relations; fuzzy random forest; fuzzy semantics natural-language spatial relations; topological relations; fuzzy random forest; fuzzy semantics
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Wang, X.; Du, S.; Feng, C.-C.; Zhang, X.; Zhang, X. Interpreting the Fuzzy Semantics of Natural-Language Spatial Relation Terms with the Fuzzy Random Forest Algorithm. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 58.

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