Pavement skid resistance is an important guarantee for driving safety. However, it is very difficult to determine the exact friction in a field environment. In order to overcome the limitations of traditional evaluation methods, the effect mechanism of surface 3D (three-dimensional) texture on skid resistance was firstly analyzed. Then the surface 3D texture of pavement was acquired through an improved binocular reconstruction method. Additionally, the relationship between friction coefficient and 3D texture was also analyzed. Subsequently, under the concept of IFI (international friction index) used to harmonize different detection methods of skid resistance, the evaluation model of skid resistance based 3D texture was further established. The results showed that the multiple quadratic multinomial regression model can well describe the relationship between skid resistance and texture indicators. The establishment of an improved evaluation model is simple to operate and implement. It can directly evaluate the skid resistance on pavement surface once the aggregates’ type and 3D texture are known. This evaluation model not only overcomes the challenges of friction coefficient with a strong conditional restriction, but also provides a harmonious approach for different detection methods in the evaluation of pavement skid resistance.
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