Next Article in Journal
Bidirectional Face Aging Synthesis Based on Improved Deep Convolutional Generative Adversarial Networks
Previous Article in Journal
Foreword to the Special Issue: “Semantics for Big Data Integration”
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Information 2019, 10(2), 67; https://doi.org/10.3390/info10020067

Blind Robust 3D Mesh Watermarking Based on Mesh Saliency and Wavelet Transform for Copyright Protection

1
LRIT-CNRST URAC 29, Rabat IT Center, Faculty of Sciences, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Rabat, BP 1014, Morocco
2
PRISME Laboratory, University of Orleans, 45100 Orléans, France
3
Higher School of Technology, Sale, BP 227, Morocco
4
LRIT-CNRST URAC 29, Rabat IT Center, FLSH, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Rabat, BP 1014, Morocco
5
Laboratoire Electronique, Informatique et Image (Le2i) UMR 6306 CNRS, University of Burgundy, 21078 Dijon, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 January 2019 / Revised: 18 January 2019 / Accepted: 22 January 2019 / Published: 18 February 2019
Full-Text   |   PDF [3206 KB, uploaded 18 February 2019]   |  

Abstract

Three-dimensional models have been extensively used in several applications including computer-aided design (CAD), video games, medical imaging due to the processing capability improvement of computers, and the development of network bandwidth. Therefore, the necessity of implementing 3D mesh watermarking schemes aiming to protect copyright has increased considerably. In this paper, a blind robust 3D mesh watermarking method based on mesh saliency and wavelet transform for copyright protection is proposed. The watermark is inserted by quantifying the wavelet coefficients using quantization index modulation (QIM) according to the mesh saliency of the 3D semiregular mesh. The synchronizing primitive is the distance between the mesh center and salient points in the descending order. The experimental results show the high imperceptibility of the proposed scheme while ensuring a good robustness against a wide range of attacks including smoothing, additive noise, element reordering, similarity transformations, etc. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D mesh watermarking; mesh saliency; wavelet transform; quantization index modulation 3D mesh watermarking; mesh saliency; wavelet transform; quantization index modulation
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hamidi, M.; Chetouani, A.; El Haziti, M.; El Hassouni, M.; Cherifi, H. Blind Robust 3D Mesh Watermarking Based on Mesh Saliency and Wavelet Transform for Copyright Protection. Information 2019, 10, 67.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Information EISSN 2078-2489 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top