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Article

Intercropped Plants Provide a Reservoir of Predatory Mites in Coffee Crop

1
Department of Entomology, Federal University of Viçosa, Viçosa 36570-000, Minas Gerais, Brazil
2
Agriculture and Livestock Research Enterprise of Minas Gerais (EPAMIG), Viçosa 36570-000, Minas Gerais, Brazil
3
Laboratory of Acarology, Universidade do Vale do Taquari—Univates, Lajeado 95914-014, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2023, 13(2), 285; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture13020285
Received: 7 December 2022 / Revised: 10 January 2023 / Accepted: 20 January 2023 / Published: 24 January 2023
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Pest Management for Coffee Production)

Abstract

Conservation biological control of pests may be achieved using a variety of integrated strategies based on crop diversification. We investigated whether the insertion of the intercropped plants species (IPS) Inga edulis, Senna macranthera, and Varronia curassavica modified the abundance of mites, their feeding behavior, and the dissimilarity of predator and herbivore mites over a gradient of distance from the IPS on coffee. To accomplish this, we recorded the mite species on coffee plants along transects of 16 m extending from the IPS, including on the IPS. A total of 8946 specimens were sampled. Tenuipalpidae was the most abundant family on coffee, followed by Tydeidae, while Eriophyidae was the most abundant on the IPS, followed by Phytoseiidae. The abundance and richness of mites differed between their feeding behavior and distance. The dissimilarity of predators and herbivores increased along a gradient of distance. Furthermore, the IPS harbored several mite species and the diversity of predator and herbivore mites among the IPS was different. The findings suggest that the intercropped plant species can attract and serve as a reservoir of predatory mites on coffee crops, which could improve the biocontrol of pest mites on coffee.
Keywords: conservation biological control; agroecosystem diversification; ecosystem service; herbivores; natural enemies; integrated pest management conservation biological control; agroecosystem diversification; ecosystem service; herbivores; natural enemies; integrated pest management

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ferla, J.J.; de Araújo, G.J.; Venzon, M.; Nascimento, P.H.M.G.; Kalile, M.O.; Pancieri, S.D.; Cardoso, A.C.; Martins, E.F.; Ferla, N.J.; Pallini, A. Intercropped Plants Provide a Reservoir of Predatory Mites in Coffee Crop. Agriculture 2023, 13, 285. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture13020285

AMA Style

Ferla JJ, de Araújo GJ, Venzon M, Nascimento PHMG, Kalile MO, Pancieri SD, Cardoso AC, Martins EF, Ferla NJ, Pallini A. Intercropped Plants Provide a Reservoir of Predatory Mites in Coffee Crop. Agriculture. 2023; 13(2):285. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture13020285

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ferla, Júlia J., Gustavo J. de Araújo, Madelaine Venzon, Pedro H. M. G. Nascimento, Milena O. Kalile, Shauanne D. Pancieri, André C. Cardoso, Elem F. Martins, Noeli J. Ferla, and Angelo Pallini. 2023. "Intercropped Plants Provide a Reservoir of Predatory Mites in Coffee Crop" Agriculture 13, no. 2: 285. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture13020285

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