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Behav. Sci., Volume 9, Issue 5 (May 2019)
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Cover Story (view full-size image) This study is based on the relationship between meditation, the present moment, and [...] Read more. This study is based on the relationship between meditation, the present moment, and psychophysiology. The present moment was operationalized using the metronome task, and performance was compared before and after two interventions (meditation, story). The aim was to assess whether heart and breathing activity during meditation influence the temporal integration of metronome beats. Meditators either meditated or listened to a story. The heart and breathing activity were recorded during the intervention and compared to a resting condition. Meditation led to longer integration intervals at the metronome frequency of 3 s interstimulus interval (ISI), and higher heart rate variability was associated with longer integration intervals at 0.33 s ISI. Higher breathing rates led to longer integration intervals at 1 s ISI. These findings add to the body of evidence of meditation-induced changes on temporal integration. View this paper