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Open AccessArticle

Crustose Calicioid Lichens and Fungi in Mountain Cloud Forests of Tanzania

Department of Organismal Biology, Uppsala University, Norbyvägen 18D, 75236 Uppsala, Sweden
Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam 35065, Tanzania
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2019, 7(11), 491;
Received: 29 September 2019 / Revised: 19 October 2019 / Accepted: 24 October 2019 / Published: 26 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lichen Diversity and Conservation)
A total of 26 crustose calicioid lichens and fungi were found in Tanzania. Most of them belong to a group of species with wide distributions in cool areas of both hemispheres and occasional occurrence in high mountains at low latitudes. In Tanzania calicioids mainly occur in the middle and upper forest zones and their niches are found on the bark of old trees and on lignum, most of them restricted to mountain cloud forests. Calicioids are rare and often red-listed, and are also bioindicators of long forest continuity. Consequently, they form an important biota in mountain cloud forests and deserve attention in the context of preserving biodiversity and developing conservation policies. One new species, Chaenothecopsis kilimanjaroensis, is described. Chaenotheca hispidula and Pyrgillus cambodiensis are reported as new to Africa and Calicium lenticulare and Chaenothecopsis debilis are reported as new to Tanzania. View Full-Text
Keywords: calicioid; conservation; lichen diversity; taxonomy calicioid; conservation; lichen diversity; taxonomy
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Temu, S.G.; Tibell, S.; Tibuhwa, D.D.; Tibell, L. Crustose Calicioid Lichens and Fungi in Mountain Cloud Forests of Tanzania. Microorganisms 2019, 7, 491.

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