Next Article in Journal
Genetic and Phenotypic Characterisation of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae Population of ‘Merwah’ White Wine
Previous Article in Journal
The Endophytic Fungus Chaetomium cupreum Regulates Expression of Genes Involved in the Tolerance to Metals and Plant Growth Promotion in Eucalyptus globulus Roots
Previous Article in Special Issue
Distribution of Foliicolous Lichen Strigula and Genetic Structure of S. multiformis on Jeju Island, South Korea
Open AccessArticle

Crustose Calicioid Lichens and Fungi in Mountain Cloud Forests of Tanzania

1
Department of Organismal Biology, Uppsala University, Norbyvägen 18D, 75236 Uppsala, Sweden
2
Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam 35065, Tanzania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2019, 7(11), 491; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7110491
Received: 29 September 2019 / Revised: 19 October 2019 / Accepted: 24 October 2019 / Published: 26 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lichen Diversity and Conservation)
A total of 26 crustose calicioid lichens and fungi were found in Tanzania. Most of them belong to a group of species with wide distributions in cool areas of both hemispheres and occasional occurrence in high mountains at low latitudes. In Tanzania calicioids mainly occur in the middle and upper forest zones and their niches are found on the bark of old trees and on lignum, most of them restricted to mountain cloud forests. Calicioids are rare and often red-listed, and are also bioindicators of long forest continuity. Consequently, they form an important biota in mountain cloud forests and deserve attention in the context of preserving biodiversity and developing conservation policies. One new species, Chaenothecopsis kilimanjaroensis, is described. Chaenotheca hispidula and Pyrgillus cambodiensis are reported as new to Africa and Calicium lenticulare and Chaenothecopsis debilis are reported as new to Tanzania. View Full-Text
Keywords: calicioid; conservation; lichen diversity; taxonomy calicioid; conservation; lichen diversity; taxonomy
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Temu, S.G.; Tibell, S.; Tibuhwa, D.D.; Tibell, L. Crustose Calicioid Lichens and Fungi in Mountain Cloud Forests of Tanzania. Microorganisms 2019, 7, 491.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop