Next Article in Journal
Recent Insights into Protein Crystal Nucleation
Previous Article in Journal
Twin Domains in Organometallic Halide Perovskite Thin-Films
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Crystals 2018, 8(5), 218;

One-Step Synthesis of Cu–ZnO@C from a 1D Complex [Cu0.02Zn0.98(C8H3NO6)(C12H8N2)]n for Catalytic Hydroxylation of Benzene to Phenol

School of Petrochemical Engineering, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164, China
College of Biological, Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Jiaxing University, Jiaxing 314001, China
Laboratory for Preparation and Application of Ordered Structural Materials of Guangdong Province, Shantou University, Shantou 515063, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 May 2018 / Revised: 13 May 2018 / Accepted: 14 May 2018 / Published: 16 May 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [14802 KB, uploaded 18 May 2018]   |  


A novel one-dimensional bimetallic complex [Cu0.02Zn0.98(C8H3NO6)(C12H8N2)]n (“Complex”) has been synthesized by a hydrothermal method. A Cu–ZnO@C composite was obtained by a one-step pyrolysis of Complex. Correlated with the characterization results, it is confirmed that both metallic Cu0 and ZnO nanoparticles were highly dispersed on/in the carbon substrate. This simple one-step pyrolysis method avoids the high-temperature pretreatment under H2 commonly required for preparation of such Cu–ZnO catalysts. The Cu–ZnO@C composite was tested with respect to its catalytic activities for the hydroxylation of benzene to phenol with H2O2. The results indicate that the benzene conversion, phenol yield, and phenol selectivity reached the maximum values (55.7%, 32%, and 57.5%, respectively) at Complex carbonized at 600 °C, and were higher than those of the commercial mixed sample. Compared with the other candidate catalysts, the turnover frequency (TOF) of our Cu–ZnO@C catalyst (117.9 mmol mol−1 s−1) can be ranked at the top. The higher catalytic activities should be due to the highly dispersed metallic Cu0 and ZnO particles as well as their synergistic interaction. View Full-Text
Keywords: metal organic frameworks; carbonization; Cu–ZnO; hydroxylation of benzene metal organic frameworks; carbonization; Cu–ZnO; hydroxylation of benzene

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, G.; Yan, Z.; Song, L.; Li, L.; Zhu, J.; Wang, H. One-Step Synthesis of Cu–ZnO@C from a 1D Complex [Cu0.02Zn0.98(C8H3NO6)(C12H8N2)]n for Catalytic Hydroxylation of Benzene to Phenol. Crystals 2018, 8, 218.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Crystals EISSN 2073-4352 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top