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Open AccessArticle

Application of Environmental Change Efficiency to the Sustainability of Urban Development at the Neighborhood Level

by 1,* and 2
1
Department of Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management, National Chi Nan University, Nantou, No.1, University Rd., Puli., Nantou 54561, Taiwan
2
Department of Urban Planning, National Cheng Kung University, No.1, University Rd., East Dist., Tainan City 70101, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Sustainability 2015, 7(8), 10479-10498; https://doi.org/10.3390/su70810479
Received: 6 June 2015 / Revised: 30 July 2015 / Accepted: 31 July 2015 / Published: 5 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Planning, Development and Management of Sustainable Cities)
This study describes a new assessment model framework, termed the driving forces-pressure-state-impact-policy and pattern (DPSIP) model, for environmental change efficiency in urban land development, based on urban sustainable development and the theory of economic efficiency evaluation. A spatial and measurable efficiency value is defined for environmental changes in urban land development, which provides a comprehensive evaluation index for the efficiency of urban development and its environmental impact. This type of urban interior sustainability is considered new within the context of global environmental changes. We identify nine important indicators to evaluate the relative efficiency of 233 neighborhoods in Tainan, Taiwan. The results indicate that the average environmental change efficiency is 89.44%, which shows clear spatial differentiation. The key indicators affecting the efficiency score are area, population density, location, mixed land uses, the floor area ratio, and the impervious ratio. In the future, urban design can reduce environmental impacts and enhance efficiency values. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban land development; natural environmental impact; driving forces-pressure-state-impact-policy and pattern (DPSIP) urban land development; natural environmental impact; driving forces-pressure-state-impact-policy and pattern (DPSIP)
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Kuo, H.-F.; Tsou, K.-W. Application of Environmental Change Efficiency to the Sustainability of Urban Development at the Neighborhood Level. Sustainability 2015, 7, 10479-10498.

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