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Article

Optimal Design of an Isolated Hybrid Microgrid for Enhanced Deployment of Renewable Energy Sources in Saudi Arabia

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Department of Electrical Engineering, Mohammadia School of Engineers, Mohammed V University, Ibn Sina Street P.B. 765, Rabat 10090, Morocco
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Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Aswan University, Aswan 81542, Egypt
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Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Majmaah University, Majmaah 11952, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Electrical Engineering, Unaizah College of Engineering, Qassim University, Unaizah 56453, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Yanbu Industrial College, Yanbu 46452, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alberto-Jesus Perea-Moreno and Hwachang Song
Sustainability 2021, 13(9), 4708; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094708
Received: 22 March 2021 / Revised: 10 April 2021 / Accepted: 16 April 2021 / Published: 22 April 2021
Hybrid microgrids are presented as a solution to many electrical energetic problems. These microgrids contain some renewable energy sources such as photovoltaic (PV), wind and biomass, or a hybrid of these sources, in addition to storage systems. Using these microgrids in electric power generation has many advantages such as clean energy, stability in supplying power, reduced grid congestion and a new investment field. Despite all these microgrids advantages, they are not widely used due to some economic aspects. These aspects are represented in the net present cost (NPC) and the levelized cost of energy (LCOE). To handle these economic aspects, the proper microgrids configuration according to the quantity, quality and availability of the sustainable source of energy in installing the microgrid as well as the optimal design of the microgrid components should be investigated. The objective of this paper is to design an economic microgrid system for the Yanbu region of Saudi Arabia. This design aims to select the best microgrid configuration while minimizing both NPC and LCOE considering some technical conditions, including loss of power supply probability and availability index. The optimization algorithm used is Giza Pyramids Construction (GPC). To prove the GPC algorithm’s effectiveness in solving the studied optimization problem, artificial electric field and grey wolf optimizer algorithms are used for comparison purposes. The obtained results demonstrate that the best configuration for the selected area is a PV/biomass hybrid microgrid with a minimum NPC and LCOE of $319,219 and $0.208/kWh, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: microgrid design; hybrid microgrid system; optimization of power systems; Giza Pyramids Construction algorithm microgrid design; hybrid microgrid system; optimization of power systems; Giza Pyramids Construction algorithm
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kharrich, M.; Kamel, S.; Alghamdi, A.S.; Eid, A.; Mosaad, M.I.; Akherraz, M.; Abdel-Akher, M. Optimal Design of an Isolated Hybrid Microgrid for Enhanced Deployment of Renewable Energy Sources in Saudi Arabia. Sustainability 2021, 13, 4708. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094708

AMA Style

Kharrich M, Kamel S, Alghamdi AS, Eid A, Mosaad MI, Akherraz M, Abdel-Akher M. Optimal Design of an Isolated Hybrid Microgrid for Enhanced Deployment of Renewable Energy Sources in Saudi Arabia. Sustainability. 2021; 13(9):4708. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094708

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kharrich, Mohammed, Salah Kamel, Ali S. Alghamdi, Ahmad Eid, Mohamed I. Mosaad, Mohammed Akherraz, and Mamdouh Abdel-Akher. 2021. "Optimal Design of an Isolated Hybrid Microgrid for Enhanced Deployment of Renewable Energy Sources in Saudi Arabia" Sustainability 13, no. 9: 4708. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094708

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