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Article

What Can Urban Buses Learn about Sunshine Regulation Adopted in Other Sectors?

Department of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Georesources, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon, Avenida Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisbon, Portugal
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Academic Editor: Martin De Jong
Sustainability 2021, 13(12), 6694; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126694
Received: 27 April 2021 / Revised: 2 June 2021 / Accepted: 8 June 2021 / Published: 12 June 2021
Since 2014, the Portuguese bus market has been experiencing substantial competition and regulatory environment changes. Nevertheless, further improvements in governance and particularly transparency are still needed. This paper intends to explore how the health and water sectors currently apply sunshine regulation to promote healthy competition and improve service quality and how good practices can be replicated into the Portuguese bus sector. We explore the strategies and tools used by the regulators from these two sectors and propose a simplified template to integrate sunshine regulation in public bus operations. The first steps for applying sunshine regulation were taken by recently enacted laws and regulations that impose the need to monitor contracts using performance indicators or other metrics. With this paper, we intend to take a further step suggesting a framework that uses these performance metrics to increase transparency and accountability in the sector. View Full-Text
Keywords: bus sector; sunshine regulation; performance indicators; sustainability bus sector; sunshine regulation; performance indicators; sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

de Carvalho, G.S.D.; Marques, R.C. What Can Urban Buses Learn about Sunshine Regulation Adopted in Other Sectors? Sustainability 2021, 13, 6694. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126694

AMA Style

de Carvalho GSD, Marques RC. What Can Urban Buses Learn about Sunshine Regulation Adopted in Other Sectors? Sustainability. 2021; 13(12):6694. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126694

Chicago/Turabian Style

de Carvalho, Gabriel S.D., and Rui C. Marques 2021. "What Can Urban Buses Learn about Sunshine Regulation Adopted in Other Sectors?" Sustainability 13, no. 12: 6694. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126694

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