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Open AccessArticle

Starting a Participative Approach to Develop Local Green Infrastructure; from Boundary Concept to Collective Action

1
Research Group for Urban Development, University of Antwerp, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
2
Team Landscape Ecology and Nature Management, Research Institute for Nature and Forest, 1000 Brussels, Belgium
3
Team Nature and Society, Research Institute for Nature and Forest, 1000 Brussels, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Sustainability 2020, 12(23), 10107; https://doi.org/10.3390/su122310107
Received: 30 October 2020 / Revised: 27 November 2020 / Accepted: 30 November 2020 / Published: 3 December 2020
Flanders (Belgium) is one of the most densely populated regions in Europe. Intensive land use, widespread suburbanization, inadequate environmental qualities, and fragmentation everywhere deteriorate living conditions and put pressure on species and natural habitats. In the past, several governmental initiatives were launched to establish a coherent ecological network to improve the situation. Despite the set objectives, only a little progress was made. Therefore, to establish green infrastructure, a new approach that moves away from previous top-down and one-sided strategies is developed. Making use of Green Infrastructure as a boundary concept, interpretation was given through an open and participatory process. The core is the identification of common objectives (ecosystem services or other objectives/services), the selection of appropriate green infrastructure elements to support the services, and the co-design of a network taking the local socio-ecological realm into account. By applying the methodology in concrete urban and rural projects, we learned that establishing strong coalitions of stakeholders, obtaining and sharing reliable knowledge of the systems are key to an effective realization of green infrastructure. View Full-Text
Keywords: Green Infrastructure; boundary concept; collaborative planning; participative design Green Infrastructure; boundary concept; collaborative planning; participative design
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MDPI and ACS Style

Smets, J.; De Blust, G.; Verheyden, W.; Wanner, S.; Van Acker, M.; Turkelboom, F. Starting a Participative Approach to Develop Local Green Infrastructure; from Boundary Concept to Collective Action. Sustainability 2020, 12, 10107. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122310107

AMA Style

Smets J, De Blust G, Verheyden W, Wanner S, Van Acker M, Turkelboom F. Starting a Participative Approach to Develop Local Green Infrastructure; from Boundary Concept to Collective Action. Sustainability. 2020; 12(23):10107. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122310107

Chicago/Turabian Style

Smets, Jasmien; De Blust, Geert; Verheyden, Wim; Wanner, Saskia; Van Acker, Maarten; Turkelboom, Francis. 2020. "Starting a Participative Approach to Develop Local Green Infrastructure; from Boundary Concept to Collective Action" Sustainability 12, no. 23: 10107. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122310107

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