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Article

Effects of COVID-19 on Indian Energy Consumption

1
Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Saitama University, 255 Shimo-Okubo, Sakura-ku, Saitama 338-8570, Japan
2
Department of Agricultural Economics, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, Bangladesh
3
Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8572, Japan
4
Institute of Agribusiness and Development Studies, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, Bangladesh
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(14), 5616; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145616
Received: 25 June 2020 / Revised: 2 July 2020 / Accepted: 10 July 2020 / Published: 13 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Economics and Sustainability)
Just after the Indian government issued the first lockdown rule to cope with the increasing number of COVID-19 cases in March 2020, the energy consumption in India plummeted dramatically. However, as the lockdown relaxed, energy consumption started to recover. In this study, we investigated how COVID-19 cases affected Indian energy consumption during the COVID-19 crisis by testing if the lockdown release had a positive impact on energy consumption and if richer regions were quicker to recover their energy consumption to the level before the lockdown. Using the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model, the study reveals that a long-run relationship holds between the COVID-19 cases and energy consumption and that the COVID-19 cases have a positive effect on Indian energy consumption. This result indicates that as lockdown relaxed, energy consumption started to recover. However, such a positive impact was not apparent in the Eastern and North-Eastern regions, which are the poorest regions among the five regions investigated in the study. This implies that poorer regions need special aid and policy to recover their economy from the damage suffered from the COVID-19 crisis. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; lockdown; energy consumption; ARDL model; India COVID-19; lockdown; energy consumption; ARDL model; India
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MDPI and ACS Style

Aruga, K.; Islam, M.M.; Jannat, A. Effects of COVID-19 on Indian Energy Consumption. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5616. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145616

AMA Style

Aruga K, Islam MM, Jannat A. Effects of COVID-19 on Indian Energy Consumption. Sustainability. 2020; 12(14):5616. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145616

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aruga, Kentaka, Md. M. Islam, and Arifa Jannat. 2020. "Effects of COVID-19 on Indian Energy Consumption" Sustainability 12, no. 14: 5616. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145616

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