Why Are Algal Viruses Not Always Successful?
AbstractAlgal viruses are considered to be key players in structuring microbial communities and biogeochemical cycles due to their abundance and diversity within aquatic systems. Their high reproduction rates and short generation times make them extremely successful, often with immediate and strong effects for their hosts and thus in biological and abiotic environments. There are, however, conditions that decrease their reproduction rates and make them unsuccessful with no or little immediate effects. Here, we review the factors that lower viral success and divide them into intrinsic—when they are related to the life cycle traits of the virus—and extrinsic factors—when they are external to the virus and related to their environment. Identifying whether and how algal viruses adapt to disadvantageous conditions will allow us to better understand their role in aquatic systems. We propose important research directions such as experimental evolution or the resurrection of extinct viruses to disentangle the conditions that make them unsuccessful and the effects these have on their surroundings. View Full-Text
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Horas, E.L.; Theodosiou, L.; Becks, L. Why Are Algal Viruses Not Always Successful? Viruses 2018, 10, 474.
Horas EL, Theodosiou L, Becks L. Why Are Algal Viruses Not Always Successful? Viruses. 2018; 10(9):474.Chicago/Turabian Style
Horas, Elena L.; Theodosiou, Loukas; Becks, Lutz. 2018. "Why Are Algal Viruses Not Always Successful?" Viruses 10, no. 9: 474.
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