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Article

Public Attitudes and Concerns about Ammonia as an Energy Vector

1
Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3AT, UK
2
Welsh School of Architecture, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3AT, UK
3
College of Physical Sciences and Engineering, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Muhammad Aziz
Energies 2021, 14(21), 7296; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14217296
Received: 28 September 2021 / Revised: 15 October 2021 / Accepted: 18 October 2021 / Published: 4 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ammonia as an Energy Carrier)
Ammonia is gaining popularity around the world due to its advantages as an energy vector over other zero-carbon fuels and has the potential to be a key component for deep decarbonisation of energy systems. However, little is known about public attitudes and concerns about the technology, one of the factors that will determine its successful implementation. This research examined public perception of green ammonia technologies through online surveys conducted in Mexico (n = 563) and the UK (n = 357). The results suggest that most of the participants in the two countries support the development of these technologies, with men being more likely to show support than women. Participants in Mexico and the UK had both negative and neutral associations of ammonia as a chemical, but overall perceptions of green ammonia were surprisingly positive. A multiple regression analysis indicates that support for this technology is highly dependent on the way participants perceive the benefits and the risks of implementing green ammonia as a fuel or for storage in their countries. Perceptions of green ammonia presented in this study must be interpreted cautiously because of the novelty of the concept. Therefore, additional research should be carried out to determine the positive opinion of green ammonia obtained in the research. View Full-Text
Keywords: ammonia; public perceptions; green ammonia; climate change; Mexico; United Kingdom; renewable energy ammonia; public perceptions; green ammonia; climate change; Mexico; United Kingdom; renewable energy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guati-Rojo, A.; Demski, C.; Poortinga, W.; Valera-Medina, A. Public Attitudes and Concerns about Ammonia as an Energy Vector. Energies 2021, 14, 7296. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14217296

AMA Style

Guati-Rojo A, Demski C, Poortinga W, Valera-Medina A. Public Attitudes and Concerns about Ammonia as an Energy Vector. Energies. 2021; 14(21):7296. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14217296

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guati-Rojo, Andrea, Christina Demski, Wouter Poortinga, and Agustin Valera-Medina. 2021. "Public Attitudes and Concerns about Ammonia as an Energy Vector" Energies 14, no. 21: 7296. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14217296

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