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Article

Eco-Energetical Life Cycle Assessment of Materials and Components of Photovoltaic Power Plant

1
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz, 85-796 Bydgoszcz, Poland
2
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, 20-618 Lublin, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(6), 1385; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13061385
Received: 12 February 2020 / Revised: 10 March 2020 / Accepted: 12 March 2020 / Published: 16 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Environmental and Energy Systems)
During the conversion of solar radiation into electricity, photovoltaic installations do not emit harmful compounds into the environment. However, the stage of production and post-use management of their elements requires large amounts of energy and materials. Therefore, this publication was intended to conduct an eco-energy life cycle analysis of photovoltaic power plant materials and components based on the LCA method. The subject of the study was a 1 MW photovoltaic power plant, located in Poland. Eco-indicator 99, CED and IPCC were used as calculation procedures. Among the analyzed elements of the power plant, the highest level of negative impact on the environment was characterized by the life cycle of photovoltaic panels stored at the landfill after exploitation (the highest demand for energy, materials and CO2 emissions). Among the materials of the power plant distinguished by the highest harmful effect on health and the quality of the environment stands out: silver, nickel, copper, PA6, lead and cadmium. The use of recycling processes would reduce the negative impact on the environment in the context of the entire life cycle, for most materials and elements. Based on the results obtained, guidelines were proposed for the pro-environmental post-use management of materials and elements of photovoltaic power plants. View Full-Text
Keywords: CED; Eco-indicator 99; IPCC; LCA; photovoltaics panels; recycling; landfill CED; Eco-indicator 99; IPCC; LCA; photovoltaics panels; recycling; landfill
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MDPI and ACS Style

Piasecka, I.; Bałdowska-Witos, P.; Piotrowska, K.; Tomporowski, A. Eco-Energetical Life Cycle Assessment of Materials and Components of Photovoltaic Power Plant. Energies 2020, 13, 1385. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13061385

AMA Style

Piasecka I, Bałdowska-Witos P, Piotrowska K, Tomporowski A. Eco-Energetical Life Cycle Assessment of Materials and Components of Photovoltaic Power Plant. Energies. 2020; 13(6):1385. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13061385

Chicago/Turabian Style

Piasecka, Izabela; Bałdowska-Witos, Patrycja; Piotrowska, Katarzyna; Tomporowski, Andrzej. 2020. "Eco-Energetical Life Cycle Assessment of Materials and Components of Photovoltaic Power Plant" Energies 13, no. 6: 1385. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13061385

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