An Innovative Approach for Gob-Side Entry Retaining in Thick Coal Seam Longwall Mining
AbstractGob-side entry retaining (GER) is a popular non-pillar mining technique regarding how to reserve a gateroad for the use of next panel mining. When used in thick coal seams, the conventional entry retaining method requires a huge amount of filling materials and may cause entry (gateroad) accidents. Thus, an innovative non-pillar longwall mining approach is introduced. First, structural and mechanical models were built to explore the mechanism of the new approach. The modeling results indicate that effective bulking of the gob roof and reasonable support of the entry roof were key governing factors in improving entry stabilities and reducing roof deformations. Accordingly, a directional roof fracturing technique was proposed to contribute to gob roof caving, and a constant resistance and large deformation anchor (CRLDA) cable was used to stabilize the entry roof. Subsequently, the evolutionary laws of the roof structure and stresses were explored using numerical simulation. It was found that the structure of the surrounding rocks around the retained entry changed significantly after roof fracturing. The stress-bearing center was transferred to the gob area, and the entry roof was in a low stress environment after adopting the approach. Finally, the approach was tested on a thick coal seam longwall mining panel. Field monitoring indicates that the retained entry was in a stable state and the index of the retained entry met the requirement of the next mining panel. This work provides an effective and economical approach to non-pillar longwall mining in thick coal seams. View Full-Text
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He, M.; Gao, Y.; Yang, J.; Gong, W. An Innovative Approach for Gob-Side Entry Retaining in Thick Coal Seam Longwall Mining. Energies 2017, 10, 1785.
He M, Gao Y, Yang J, Gong W. An Innovative Approach for Gob-Side Entry Retaining in Thick Coal Seam Longwall Mining. Energies. 2017; 10(11):1785.Chicago/Turabian Style
He, Manchao; Gao, Yubing; Yang, Jun; Gong, Weili. 2017. "An Innovative Approach for Gob-Side Entry Retaining in Thick Coal Seam Longwall Mining." Energies 10, no. 11: 1785.
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