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Research on Ecological Effect Assessment Method of Ecological Restoration of Open-Pit Coal Mines in Alpine Regions

1
Life Science College, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
2
Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, China
3
State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China
4
Institute of Architecture Design and Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100086, China
5
SPIC Nei Mongol Energy Co., Ltd., Tongliao 028011, China
6
China IPPR International Engineering Co., Ltd., Beijing 100089, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paul B. Tchounwou and Fayuan Wang
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(13), 7682; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137682
Received: 1 May 2022 / Revised: 11 June 2022 / Accepted: 21 June 2022 / Published: 23 June 2022
Open-pit mining is an important form of coal mining in China, and its damage to the ecological environment is particularly obvious in alpine regions. The ecological restoration of alpine open-pit coal mines faces severe challenges, and its restoration effect will directly affect the ecological security of China. Meanwhile, comprehensive and system-oriented evaluation of ecological restoration effects is still insufficient in current research. In this study, we selected different quantities of assessment factors on the two scales of ecological project area and ecological impact area to evaluate the ecological restoration effect of an alpine open-pit coal mine. Then, we formed a multi-scale and multi-dimensional ecological restoration effect assessment model of the alpine open-pit coal mine and used this model to analyze the implementation effect of the ecological restoration project of the Baiyinhua No. 2 Open-pit Mine. The results show that the multi-scale and multi-dimensional ecological restoration effect assessment model of alpine open-pit coal mine proposed in this study can accurately characterize the restoration effect of open-pit coal mines in alpine regions and can also be used as a significant evaluation tool in the future ecological construction of mining areas. This study hopes the multi-scale and multi-dimensional ecological restoration effect assessment model of alpine open-pit coal mine can provide a comprehensive, systematic, and scientific evaluation method for the ecological restoration of alpine open-pit coal mines and provide a scientific basis for the ecological restoration and green development of relevant mining areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: open-pit coal mines in alpine regions; ecological restoration; ecological effects assessment method; Baiyinhua area open-pit coal mines in alpine regions; ecological restoration; ecological effects assessment method; Baiyinhua area
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yuan, M.; Ouyang, J.; Zheng, S.; Tian, Y.; Sun, R.; Bao, R.; Li, T.; Yu, T.; Li, S.; Wu, D.; Liu, Y.; Xu, C.; Zhu, Y. Research on Ecological Effect Assessment Method of Ecological Restoration of Open-Pit Coal Mines in Alpine Regions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 7682. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137682

AMA Style

Yuan M, Ouyang J, Zheng S, Tian Y, Sun R, Bao R, Li T, Yu T, Li S, Wu D, Liu Y, Xu C, Zhu Y. Research on Ecological Effect Assessment Method of Ecological Restoration of Open-Pit Coal Mines in Alpine Regions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(13):7682. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137682

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yuan, Meng, Jingyi Ouyang, Shuanning Zheng, Ye Tian, Ran Sun, Rui Bao, Tao Li, Tianshu Yu, Shuang Li, Di Wu, Yongjie Liu, Changyou Xu, and Yu Zhu. 2022. "Research on Ecological Effect Assessment Method of Ecological Restoration of Open-Pit Coal Mines in Alpine Regions" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 13: 7682. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137682

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